UNDERSTANDING NOSTRADAMUS: EXPLORING SOME SUBJECTS RECURRENT IN THE CENTURIES PLUS A FEW ATTRIBUTIONS AND MORE …
(incl. Quatrains V 13 VI 66 V 53 IV 25 IV 29 II 8 III 34 II 51 and others)
SOME SUBJECTS RECURRENT IN THE CENTURIES:
CELESTIAL ART/CELESTIAL SCIENCE
CLOUDS OF CELESTIAL DUST AND INCOMING SPACE MINERALS
EARTH-BASED NATURAL DISASTERS
SEVEN, SEVENTH AND THE SEPTENTRIONALIS
TRANSITS OF THE SUN AND TWO TALES OF TWO SUNS IN ONE SKY
A FEW UNFAIR ATTRIBUTIONS:
FEAR OF THE INQUISITION AND PUBLIC EXECUTION
HIS LACK OF LEARNING
MONSTRADAMUS AND MONSTROUS ABUSE
MORE ON THE MIDDLE AGES
including MICHEL DE NOSTREDAME (a.k.a. NOSTRADAMUS) A FACT CHECK
This abbreviate mark is part of ancient history. Discarded for several hundred years, it found new favour with the introduction of the European printing press. The ampersand ‘&’ is an abbreviation of the letters ‘e’ and ‘t’ as found in the Latin and French ‘et’ meaning ‘and’. It is less formal in portrayal than the true alphabet letters and looks like a thought-out hooking-up device perhaps lending equal weight to the words on either side. According to the BBC, for years the leading English language authority, it may have caught its English name from a trade expression such as “and per se and” (or a Germanic printer’s imperative such as “im per se und” I would respectfully suggest).
In the Centuries Quatrains it seems to serve a dual purpose. Now this is not any one person’s maxim. It’s more an observation but not only my observation. Many Nostradamus researchers on the Internet have spotted anagrams that were one letter adrift. Unlike the strict rules necessary to modern crossword-puzzle compilers, Medieval notions of anagram building were quite loose and these may indeed have been Nostredame’s intended anagrams despite the shortcoming obvious to our modern eyes. I suppose it is a short step forward to claim any adjacent ampersand ‘&’ as being that one missing letter (thus ‘&’ represents each of every letter in the alphabet) and a further short skip to say that Michel intended it so. Which is likely the truth, it seems to me.
Literally a beard. In the Centuries, as in history, there are personages and even a warlike operation named ‘redbeard’. Otherwise, it is usually intended by Nostredame to describe invasive and piratical non-Christians or ‘barbarians’, possibly agressors from the Barbary Coast of North Africa. Colloquially, ‘barbaric’ was a perjorative, dismissive term descriptive of a ‘lesser’ civilization with unintelligible tongues and mistaken gods or of ‘abnormal’ appearance, even curly or spiky hair like some germanics or the twin plaits and ‘queue’ worn by continental soldiers up to Nostredame’s era and retained after that only by a few wildly colourful hussars.
The barb in heraldry; a heraldic rose is stylized with five petals viewed face-on, possibly ‘seeded’ by a different tincture. Between each petal is a ‘barb’ or spiked leaf.
The Horn of East Africa hangs out like a lizard’s lower jaw along the Southern side of the Gulf of Aden and was referred to in the Middle Ages as Bilad al Barbar, the Berber Land.
St. Augustine was a Berber by descent.
Ahenobarbus was the family name of a Roman dynasty that included the vicious Emperor Nero.
Frederick Barbarossa was a Holy Roman Emperor.
Unternehmen Barbarossa (Operation Barbarossa) was the greatest offensive in history. It started in June 1941 and saw Hitler’s German forces dramatically spread East mainly to take on the USSR. Four million Axis troops invaded along a front of amost 3,000 kilometres in length. The Ukraine fell but prized Moscow stood firm. To compensate himself Adolf Hitler ordered further actions in Russia, mostly failures. The majority of military casualties of the Second World War followed upon the inception of this flawed ambition. Despicable Nazi atrocities included the deliberate starving to death of millions under the Hunger Plan to reduce the population of the East.
Fourth Century historian Ammianus Marcellinus described Huns as the most barbarous of all enemies. As other barbarian tribes who had weakened the Empire were well-disposed to Christianity, but not the Huns, it seems that for Marcellinus barbarity was measured by degrees of disrespect for Rome.
Giambattista Vico in his ‘Scienza nuova’ describes civilization as passing through phases and finally dissembling into “the barbarism of reflection.” It seems that ‘barbarism’ is a word used wildly to describe stages of underdevelopment or else the regretted dissolution of whole societies ‘down into barbarism’. In fact, most anything that is ‘other’ in relation to our own present platform seems to qualify as a candidate for ‘barbaric’ at some level.
V 13 THE BARBARIAN OUTSIDER
1557 Lyon Du Rosne
Par grand fureur le roy Romain belgique,
Vexer vouldra par phalange barbare:
Fureur grinsant chassera gent libique,
Despuis Panons iusques Hercules la hare.
With great fury the Roman King in Belgium
Will determine to hurt the outsider with his phalanx:
Furious and with gnashing teeth he will chase to death a people/a person of Africa,
Subsequent to the ‘have at them’ in Pannonia up to Ad Herculae.
Line 2, OF ‘barbare’ here means ‘foreign’ or ‘savage’. Nostredame usually means the Islamics or Ottomans as they formed the bogey terror threatening the European way of life in the psychology of the Sixteenth Century mind. (And again now.) Latin ‘phalanx’ was a battalion of troops in fighting formation.
Line 3, OF ‘grinsant/grincer/grisser/crisser’ means crunching or gnashing the teeth as the result of pain or emotion.
Line 4, OF ‘depuis/de puis’ can mean since then, thereafter, subsequently, a hundred years on or one to two years later. OF ‘la hare’ means a tree limb. (The limber is part of a gun carriage.) OF ‘hare!’ is a cry, like ‘Have at ye!’ or perhaps triumphant like “Hurrah!”.
OF ‘Hercules’ = Ad Herculae or Serbian Čortanovci on the River Danube. Pannonia was an ancient province of Rome’s vast empire including modern-day Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, and parts of Bosnia–Herzegovina. So, all across Pannonia up to as far North as the bank of the Danube.
This Nostradamus Quatrain V 13 does not make much historical sense until we see Belgique as Brussels, the seat of NATO, and Pannonia as ex-Yugoslavia. Even then we must wonder where the connections are between this ‘King of NATO’, the ‘New Roman Empire’, the Balkan Wars and Libya/the Middle East’s ongoing troubles. Time will out the truth, naturally, as it always does.
There are nine quatrains in the Centuries that feature Bloys.
Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 38
Le Roy de Bloys dans Auignon regner
Vn autre fois le peuple emonopolle,
Dedans le Rosne par murs fera baigner
Iusques à cinq le dernier prés de Nolle.
The King of Blois rules in Avignon.
Another time again the people as one,
In the district of Rhône, will make the wall shower down upon
Up to five, the last one near to Nolle.
Nolle looks like but probably didn’t sound like the grassy English knoll.
About Lyon: this major French city is capital of the Rhone Department and sits on a peninsula called ‘Presqu’ile’ to the North of the confluence of the rivers Rhone and Saone. (The Bishop of Lyon in the Second Century was the famous Irenaeus, a man who came from the East.)
‘Presqu’ile’ sounds similar to ‘prosequi’, a prosecution at law. ‘Nolle prosequi’ (not pursued or a nullified prosecution) describes the situation that Philip IV experienced. Boniface had both indicted and excommunicated him. Due to political matters arising from the death of Boniface and international negotiations regarding the Crusades, the case was dropped, as it were, retroactively and they lifted the excommunication. At the coronation procession of Pope Clement at Lyon the King rode behind the Pope in a short procession of four or reasonably five if we allow the usual advance herald. The two French aristocrats flanking the Pope suffered terrible injury as a wall toppled down on them all, collapsing under the strain of the crowd atop the wall pushing forward as one. Nolle could so suggest a near-fatal miss in the sense that the last in procession almost had his life extinguished by falling objects. As this was the King there was a ‘near miss’ of enormous implication.
The opening couplet may be a prediction that “the French King will rule over Avignon” but taken on its own Line 1 could be a time-marker, “at the time when Avignon is part of the Kingdom” or could even refer to Richelieu who was banished to Blois then Avignon and appeared to rule over the palaces he was contained within prior to making his comeback. In fact, Line 2 could give the impression that Line 1 is revealing the status of Richelieu under house arrest and has little to do with the remaining three lines!
Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 52
Warning: the following quatrain floats around divers time levels, a little like gaming on
a 3-D chessboard
1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud
Le roy de Bloys dans Auignon regner,
D’ambiose & seme viendra le long de Lyndre
Ongle a Poytiers sainctes aesles ruiner
The King of Blois rules in Avignon.
From Amboise and Seme the length of the Indre-Loyre:
Clamped to Poitiers, wings clipped
Within the quatrain as a whole can be found the jumbled letters of key characters in young Louis XIII’s forceful Seventeenth Century rise from being an inert monarch-in-waiting to the King of France:Baron De Vitry, Lesdiguieres, d’Albert (Luynes) and even the reconciliatory ‘Traite d’Angouleme’.
Line 1. There were two great personages exiled by Louis XIII to Blois– one being the deflated Queen Mother Marie de Medicis. This local king is the clever Richelieu who took the place over and, separately, Avignon also.
Line 3. ‘Ongle’ looks a lot like Oncle; from falconery, it meant nail or claw or clamp and suggests Charles d’Albert, Sieur De Luynes, the Master of Falcon, who sided with young King Louis (who favoured him inordinately from their first encounter) against the Italian adventurer Concini and all the King’s power rivals, later wrong-footing Richelieu during his attempts to have the King fulfill his earlier promise of a Cardinal’s hat. OF ‘aesles’ looks like various OF words for eagle combined, which in turn suggests OF ‘aile’ or wing.
Line 4. Devant Boni. This line defeats my first time-line as Pope Boniface was of a different era although, as an outside shot, it might alternatively be a time-marker using the identity of a visiting Italian dignitary of similar name. ‘Boni’ or ‘Bona’ might also have been a forerunner of the politeness ‘bonjour’.
Quatrain VIII 52 is commonly described as an ‘unfinished’ quatrain but is one of great power, in my opinion. Line 1 is exactly the same as Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 38 above and so these quatrains are conjoined, much like a playful tease. Add to that, the Old Occitan noun ‘blois’ meant blonde and a ‘blond esleu’ appears in Nostradamus Quatrain I 39 – a passable double take?
I feel some place names in Nostredame’s Centuries may be there primarily to provide mildly disordered letters containing proper nouns when unjumbled. But we must know of those names before we can look for confirmation of them. For instance, ‘Avignon regner’ could have the name ‘george’ embedded inside but we know of no significant George in the tale of Louis XIII and Richelieu that is unfolding here. About ‘Lyndre’, there is in fact a place named Richelieu in the Indre-et-Loyre (a normal alternative spelling to Loire) which folds-up neatly into ‘Lyndre’. Another Nostradamus game is to use anagrams. Confusingly, a small letter change in an anagram was allowable in those days. A further word device was that an entire region or country might be represented by a minor place name. Likewise, ‘hand’ may not be the number 5 or a flagged-up fist but a group term like hired hand, deck-hand or any suitable set such as ‘a good hand of cards’ or simply a labourer’s tools or a weapon. Poetry, including narrative poetry, has always allowed some degree of grammatical incompleteness and Nostradame’s constructs/destructs need looking at from all possible directions. The problem to us then becomes avoidance of the great width of scope inherent in the possible rather than probable interpretations and the ease of misinterpreting entirely subjectively, without research, by way of sheer ingenuity.
Lyndre could be the Thirteenth Century ‘Louis Roy’ or Louis IX whose ‘deux freres Anjou & Poytiers possédé Comtat-Venaicin & Avignon’ until they passed them over to the Crown in 1271 (so just after his death and before Boniface became Pope in 1294) and the first line then refers not to Richelieu but to how a future King of France needs must regain his rule over Avignon from a future Pope. Such a forecast appears in other quatrains and in the subversive publication of 1572 (four years after this quatrain appeared) dedicated to the Pope by one Antoine Crespin.
Louis XII was born in the Fifteenth Century at the Chateau Blois in the Loir-et-Cher and entered his royal domain as King of France from 1498 to 1515. This very popular king had some great foreign successes that Nostredame might have encapsulated in the shrunken words PAU NAY LORON or PAV-ia, NA-ples, agnadel-LO and aRag-ON.
He successfully secured the Duchy of Milan and Paviain 1499, negotiated a half-share in the Kingdom of Naples-Sicily with the King of Aragon in 1500, and took Venice at the Battle of Agnadello in 1509.
This “PAU NAY LORON” (the first line of Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 1) is often taken in the Centuries as a phonetic reassembly of Na-po-leon who followed a similar course hundreds of years later, these territories having been lost again by France quite soon after Louis Roy gained them.
(To Anglo-Saxon Nostradamus researchers Napoleon Bonaparte was probably the First Antichrist but to the French he is a grand inspiration, including for a ParisTheme Park.)
(Also see the Article ADDENDUM on PAU NAY LORON )
Back to the Seventeenth Century and Louis XIII. After Concini was murdered, the young King banished his mother Regent Marie de Medicis to Blois and her efficient Ministers were dispersed. Richelieu, who had just become the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and War, was later sent to Blois as a sop to Queen Marie whereupon he became ‘king of the castle’ in no time. Despite Louis’ claim to the right to reign, the Duke de Luynes became the effective regent of France having all real power and plunging France into mismanagement, intrigues and confused foreign policy. The king’s favoured aristocrat might possibly appear here in Line 2 as ‘Lyndre’. (Duke de Luynes = Lynd plus ‘re’ for ‘regent’.)
Shifting briefly to consider Nostradamus Quatrain VI 100, this contains the only verse not written in a standard poetic key. The tone of the ‘Legis Cantio contra ineptos criticos’, to be found oddly scribed in both the 1557 Utrecht Du Rosne and the 1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud editions, suggests that the answers are not to be found by astrologers looking in here for an astrologer nor idiots presuming an idiot nor by barbarians hoping for some tenet sympathetic to their culture. (That last term, derived from bah-bah and present in staged hub-bub like ‘rhubarb-rhubarb’, can mean uncultured, inaudible or untutored in a particular way, or even curly haired – Sanskrit, barbara – but always in a way that presupposes our own vast superiority and ignores all aspects whereby we seem similarly inferior.) The clues are not strictly astrological and to dismiss some peculiarity of text as merely Nostredame’s idiosyncracity is to overlook a possibly vital clue. In fact they all seem vital, even the most misleading clue has a point to it. To have little intuitive grasp of the ‘inside language’ being employed and no desire to enter into it is to rule oneself out of understanding the whole message. To approach without developing the capability to get into his antique, soulful, loyal, Euro-civilized yet judgemental Christian mind – to approach self-referentially or mockingly as if to compete with a peer in a first-year debating circle – will prove futile.
To a native English speaker ‘Boni’ seems a huge clue, very unlike Michel Nostradame, and can even be double-confirmed. Reading forwards and starting with the first n (dans) a (Avignon) p, o (Poitiers) l (aisles) e (ruiner) o, n (Boni) the name ‘napoleon’ can be made to appear sequentially. Reading backwards starting from the the last n (in Boni) the last a (in Devant) the next o (in Poitiers) etc. it works equally well.
Well, the Battle of Poitiers in 1815 was the final conflict of the Napoleonic wars. But we are still missing the name Bonaparte. However, the powerful papal family name ‘Orsini’ can be found jumbled in ‘Le Roy de Blois dans Avignon’if not in ‘Ongle à Poytiers’ as well (once again allowing for OF ‘y’ = OF ‘i’ as was normal practise). That would be the Fourteenth Century Cardinal Napoleon Orsini. The Church was still divided between ‘Bonifacians’ and those partial to France. Napoleon Orsini was leader of the pro-French faction at a papal conclave. He then personally crowned Pope Clement, a compromiser, at Lyon in 1304 (even though this Pope’s personal choice wasVienne). The King, his brother Charles Valois and the Duke of Brittany rode surrounding Clement’s white horse in solemn public procession.
The weight of a crowd brought down a retaining wall on top of them. See Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 38 above.
Brittany died, Valois was seriously injured. A bad start. Nevertheless, Orsini had delivered up to Phillip a very constricted Papal authority. The Pope’s wings were clipped, Line 3 ‘sainctes aesles ruiner’.
Clement was sick throughout his papacy, even stalling a meeting with Philip IV atPoitiersin 1305 by taking two weeks recuperation en route. His born name was Got, the letters of which will just about sit with Orsini in ‘Ongle à Poytiers’ once we interchange our y’s and i’s as freely as they did in Michel Nostredame’s day.
During 1303, the year that the Papal Bull ‘super petri solio’ had excommunicated the French King, the much-resented Pope Boniface VIII had died naturally within one month of Phillip IV’s leading Minister, Nogaret, violently seizing him by surprise in Italy with the intention to carry him off to France to be charged before a secular court. The Kings of England and Francehad greatly increased in power whilst the Papal Empire had lost its moral imperative after embarking militarily against the Languedoc, despite martial successes. (Much like the consolidations occuring in Russia, Chinaand elsewhere at the very same time as Bush’s White House unjustly expanded into Iraq so losing international grass-roots respect for the USA.)
It seems ‘Boni’ is most likely the historic Boniface who was the pope before Clement and Napoleon would then be Orsini and not Bonaparte. (Also see the entry ‘ambus’ in II 62 Mabus By Name)
The Epitaph of Michel Nostradame, as stated in an old-fashioned French,
“C’y reposent les os de Michel Nostradame d’uquel la plume presque Divine, à esté de tous estimeê digne de tracer & rapporter aux humains selon l’influence des Astres, les evenemens à venir par dessus tout le rond de la terre.
Il est trespassé à Salon de Craux en Provence l’an de grace 1566. le second Juillet âgè de soixante deux ans six mois dix-sept jours.
O Posteres, ne touché à ses cendres, et n’enviez point le repos d’iceluy.”
Right here rest the bones of Michel Nostradame whose pen was almost divine, who of all has been deemed worthy to describe and report to humanity, by following the influence of the stars, the events to come across the whole round world.
He passed on from Craux Salon de Provence in the Year of Grace 1566, on 2nd July, aged 62 years 6 months,17 days.
O Descendants, do not dare to touch these ashes, and envy not the quietude herein.
Although OF ‘d’uquel’ looks like some form of enclisis for ‘que le’ this does not fit to ‘la plume’ as well as OF ‘usuel’ which is only one letter different and here would mean ‘whose pen was … ’
OF ‘trespassé/trépasser’ was a usual word for the dying/deceased ‘passing on’.
OF ‘postères/ Posteres’ means those to come/Descendants.
OF ‘ne … point’ was used as a literary or even noble (and more emphatic) form of the conversational ‘ne … pas’ or its antique alternatives ‘ne … goutte’ and ‘ne … rien’. The academic use of ‘Posteres’ is direct from the original Latin inscription.
Despite closing with a warm wish from his widow (using her maiden name of Anne Ponsard de Gemelle, apparently) the last line quoted above could well have been self-penned making the use of ‘envy’ in this final phrase a distant prod at his later readers; ourselves. Consider this summation of the changes to come,
“D’esprit divin l’ame presage atteinte
Trouble famine peste guerre courir
Eau siccite terre & mer de sang teinte
Paix treve a naistre prelats princes mourir.”
From the divine spirit the soul attains prophecy
Trouble famine plague and war will run
The land dried out and seawater the colour of blood
Prelates and princes to die: peace and freedoms to be born.
OF ‘trêve’ = truce or freedom of movement, figuratively a break in the proceedings.
Michel made several references to bones being disturbed in posterity. His most famous ‘bone quatrain’ is known ominously as Quatrain 666, published as
1557 Utrech Du Rosne
Au fondement de la nouvelle secte,
Seront les oz du grand Romain trouués,
Sepulcre en marble apparoistra couuerte,
Terre trembler en Auril, mal ensouetz.
Line 4, OF ‘ensouetz’: The intended meaning of this word is difficult to establish. The Gallish noun ‘soue’ (sow?) was a pigsty or boar-wallow alike to OF ‘soil’ from the Latin ‘suile’, a pigpen. Alternatively ‘ensouetz’ might be a form of the OF verb ‘ensuivre’ or ‘it follows’.
At the foundation of the new sect,
The bones of the great Roman will be found,
A sepulchre covered in marble seen through the cover/the grill,
Earthquake in April, malefic matters follow.
Should this transpire then we will have plenty of detail-matching to do arising from both this Nostradamus Quatrain and others about buried ‘treasure’ or ‘a founder of sects’.
The Vatican has its own archeologists who have identified locally the bones of both St. Peter and St. Paul. The former was unlikely to have ever been to Rome, say some kill-joy secular historians. The latter was a Roman Jew who is described in the tale-telling Talmud as a member of the Sanhedrin and a possible agent of illusory deception in among the ‘Chrestians’ sect. The Church virtually deifies both of these majors.
Conspiracy theorists have oftened surmised that a man-made movement of earth may deliberately expose fraud via human remains that would then undermine the major religions so as to make way for a United Nation’s patch-up called the One World Religion. Excavations in Jerusalem have revealed many ossuaries in underground tombs, one of which plainly references major names from the Gospels including ‘Jesus’. But no remains have been found. An anomalous one-ton lead coffin, looking rather like a squashed bath-tub, has also been unearthed at an ancient city sited close to Rome and is being investigated thermally due to the apparent impossibility of opening it without damage to its contents. In the words of an old song, “The head-bone’s connected to the neck-bone, the neck-bone’s connected to the shoulder-bone” etc.
The corpses of King Louis XVI of France and his Queen Marie-Antoinette (the coffin for the ‘Widow Capet’’ had cost a modest 7 francs) were exhumed by order of Louis the Eighteenth from the cemetery of La Madeleine. The remains were removed to the Basilica of Saint-Denis, the traditional royal resting place for over a thousand years. La Guillotine had filled-up La Madeleine by early 1794 and the new graveyard of Les Errancis was opened (where the bones of Madame Elisabeth, the King’s sister, were buried).
1557 Utrech Du Rosne
Les oz des pieds & des main enserres,
Par bruit maison long temps inhabitee:
Seront par songes concauent deterres,
Maison salubre & sans bruyt habitee.
Line 1, OF ‘enserres’ means ‘besiege’ whereas OF ‘enserrés’ means ‘enclosed’ and in Modern French ‘en serre’ would suggest ‘greenhouse’. As it happens, the guillotine graveyard at La Madeleine became a private garden. Apparently one Monsieur Descloseaux protected carefully the graves of the decapitated King and Queen, having purchased the grounds containing their corpses and converted this to an orchard. (A story has it that he would send bouquets to their daughter, the Duchess d’Angoulême, made from flowers gathered there.)
Line 3, OF ‘concavent/convaner’ is related by meaning to ‘creuser’, digging, or else ‘caver’ which is from the Latin verb to dig, cavare, including the normative literary form (‘Pélerinage Charlemagne’ by Marie de France) or from OF ‘chaver’, to enter or immerse one’s hands in ‘chaves’, vine pits dug for subterranean access or sink holes in soil banks where fish or eels could be pulled out.
Line 4, OF ‘deterres/ deterrés’ means ‘unearthed’ whereas ‘de terres’ would mean ‘land’.
The bones of the feet and the hands entrapped,
Through loud sounds the house remains uninhabited for a long time:
As a result of dreams (they) will be unearthed from (their) pits,
The house sanitized and ocupied without the loud sounds.
In OF the noun ‘maison’ meant a place built for a particular purpose. In Astrology it was a planet’s zone of greatest influence. (The Moon had a nocturnal House.) Was La Madeleine a place of neither rest nor peace for the Royal Couple? Certainly the next King when he finally followed on had the inspiration to rebury the regal couple in a manner befitting their prior rank. It is legendary that Louis is said to have released an eerily loud howl as the blade fell on his neck.
CELESTIAL ART/CELESTIAL SCIENCE
Astrological references abound as an aid to Michel’s visionary prophecies, so determining the times and places. This may have been Nostredame’s weakest point. (See the Article Nostradamus Geography)
Once or twice he points out a movement in Space that he says is cloaked from Earthly gaze. Could he Remote View our Solar System’s corner of the Cosmos?
(See the Article REMOTE VIEWING TIME)
The following quatrain seems to be pure astro-talk about planetary methodology befitting a balance with some Earthly compensation or revelatory instruction by the ‘great Messiah’.
1557 Utrech Du Rosne
La loy du Sol, & Venus contendens,
Appropriant l’esprit des propheties:
Ne l’vn ne l’autre siel seront entendens,
Par Sol tiendra la loy du grand Messie.
The law of the Sun and Venus in contention,
Befitting the spirit of the prophecies:
Neither will be seen in the heavens with the naked eye,
The law or reward of the great Messiah is administered by the (absent?) Sun.
Line 1. OF ‘loy’ is commonly translated as if ‘loi’, law, but ‘loye’ is from the verb ‘loyer’, to recompense, although used figuratively this could indicate a counterparty or even an adversary. (There is also some proximity to OF ‘loyal’, the human trait of honour and probity, especially towards the King.)
OF ‘contendens/contendre’ means to strive to gain something, including recognition, or else to find something. Or to make an effort toward a desired end or even to share that effort.(The prefix ‘con’ suggests ‘together with’.) Or, when there is a bone of contention between two parties, to react in opposition. At this point it looks quite like it may have been an astrological word of the time. Astrology is essentially a contention, after all.
Line 2. OF ‘appropriant/approprier’ means to be appropriate or to appropriate, to become the owner. It can imply to adapt specifically and will itself adapt contextually to mean fit for or intended for or to assign a quality properly to somebody or to consider suitability or grant ownership. There is a linguistic thread of legal usages running through this
Nostradamus Quatrain V 53.
Line 3. Here’s a word simply ignored by all. It sits inbetween ‘autre’ and ‘seront’ and, as the print work on the first letter of the following word is too bad, it could be either ‘sie’ or ‘siel’. The latter would be a form of ‘ciel’, in OF terms the abode of God, but the former might be ‘scie’ or ‘sciotte’, a kind of handheld cutter or scythe. OF ‘entendens’ equates to ‘seen with the naked eye’ (Eleventh Century, ‘Alexis’, ed. Christopher Storey).
Line 4, OF ‘tiendra’ could be of that imperatative accompanying gesture on giving something to somebody or it might be ‘hold’ as in ‘to tender’ or ‘to tend a holding’, a tenure.
If this is planetary Remote Viewing then Venus and one other planet, which is probably Mars but Nostredame is possibly unsure as to what he saw as he does not name it, are both out of our sight and astrologically-speaking are unable to sway us – as if they cancel out during this time and space. Saturn the Scythe may be in there somewhere as well. It’s not clear. Never mind, the Sun will bring about the global grip of this emergent personality who loves Jesus (or some other Messiah counterpart).
1555 Lyon Bonhomme
Corps sublimes sans fin à l’oeil visibles,
Obnubiler viendront par ses raisons:
Corps, front comprins, sens, chief & inuisibles,
Diminuant les sacrèes oraisons.
Lofty bodies without end (are) visible to the eye,
Obscuration comes through thought:
The body, the forehead (brain-mind) included, the senses, both major and minor
OR Lots and lots of bodies both great and obscure, forming a united front,
Diminishing the sacred prayers.
OR Reducing the astrological influences from the holy planets.
Line 1. Whereas a ‘cor’ or ‘cors’ was an instrument of fanfare, a ‘corps’ was a human body or living group of bodies or else the plural of ‘corp’, a living assemblage of material parts; an organism. (The same pronuciation fits to each word and Sixteenth Century hot-print setting was usually by dictation.)
OF ‘sublimes’ is either in a sublime manner or else of the highest ranking, like supreme or foremost. ‘Corps sublimes’ would probably not mean ‘sublimated substances’ (though that might make a fit) but should mean ‘supreme bodies’ or else ‘sublime organisms’ or even ‘celestial fanfares’. I’ll opt for ‘lofty’.
Line 2. ‘obnubiler’ is to deprive by an obscuration of the spirit (“under a cloud”) whilst OF ‘raison’ is a mode of thought.
Line 3. OF ‘front’ is not far from from the English ‘affronted by impudence’. In horse-racing terms ‘front á front’ could mean ‘head to head’. This might be the fighting line of an army or something in plain sight, openly challenging. OF ‘comprins’ was like saisir in the sense of to grasp, or prendre, in the sense of to catch, including mentally. (Twelfth Century, ‘Psautier d’Oxford’, edited Fr. Michel)
OF ‘sen/sens’ can mean a unit like a cent. Tens or hundreds of units of something?
OF ‘invisibles’ could mean particles (‘microscopic’ or even ‘nano-scopic’ right down to ‘quantum’ in the modern science vernacular.)
Line 4. OF ‘diminuant’ = reducing to a diminutive position. Whereas ‘raison’ is connected with reckoning, OF ‘oraisons’ meant discourse or proposal, oration or composition. OF ‘les sacrees’ would seem to mean the planets that influence us by rotor under orders from the Supreme; Astrology.
As seen from Earth there are many causes of strange sights by day or by night – the Iridium Corporation runs a fleet of telecommunication satellites that use reflective surfaces occasionally producing ‘Iridium flares’ that mirror-image Sun activity and confuse observers. These are individual. A much more blanketing and less vivid effect comes from vog clouds (a damaging acidic smog from sulphuric volcano gases)thatcan create a strangely shaped sun, especially at sunset, including the fracturing of its appearance. The effect comes from a naturally created aerosol that reveals the vog by scattering sunlight.After dispersal, grey spots may remain in the upper sky. Volcanic ash clouds can, of course, prove disasterous in all manner of ways including visually.
If, however, Nostredame is Remote Viewing out in Space then this quatrain describes either a freak occurrence or a deliberate stand of great importance. Something appears between us and the planets, obscuring their astrological influence over us. The phrase ‘chief & invisibles’ could suggest the Sun and our Solar System (planets and moons, all sizes) or it could mean a Red or Brown Dwarf or some even darker presence that is invisible to us in normal light (and most probably of a mass exceeding that of Jupiter) plus the asteroid belt, etc. (Our new notion of the Oort Cloud is hypothesized as a vast but bitty cold collation out beyond the Sun – the imagined source, inter alia, of the comets.)
There is some confusion created as Line 1 ends with ‘visible’ and Line 2 starts with ‘clouded over’, unless we are being introduced to true meditation at the zero-thought level. Throughout this Nostradamus Quatrain IV 25 there is no definite help as to exactly what is visible and what is not. Perhaps that is in the nature of Michel’s viewing experience: maybe he cannot know for sure what we would read into the original vision if we could see that and tries vainly to distinguish between a plain visibility and whatever is working around the reasoned and filtered human perceptions of normalcy, i.e. what we see to be apparently there versus what we glimpse is really there.
The whole thrust may be reversed: EITHER the planets become obscured by a strange exalted crowd (an event of immediate portent) OR the spirits that give occupation to the planetary and smaller space objects are occulted by that same host. (Nostredame’s view of a personal yet impersonal universe- if we could only see that for ourselves.)
Elsewhere Nostradame makes it plain that the Chief of the Zodiac is God. In Matthew 26:64, Jesus said to the High Priest “`Thou hast said; nevertheless I say to you, (You have answered for me; but I’m telling you this) hereafter ye shall see the Son of Man sitting on the right hand of the power, and coming upon the clouds, of the heaven.’ (Youngs Literal Translation Bible)
Were these CLOUDS under this POWER the obedient CONSTELLATIONS, the shifting backscreen to all Astrology (the subject upon which the Bible is largely based) or some unique Space Sky phenomena or else a particular view of our/His place in Heaven? (‘Son of Man’ is an ancient pan-Semitic expression meaning ‘of human form’, homo sapiens.)
1555 Lyon Bonhomme
Le sol caché eclipse par Mercure
Ne sera mis que pour le ciel second.
De Vulcan Hermes sera faite pastures
Sol sera veu pur rutilant & blond.
The Sun hidden eclipsed by Mercury
Will not be placed second in the sky
Vulcan Hermes will be made green as pasture
The Sun will be seen gleaming pure as gold.
A purely celestial quatrain? Whatever, the Sun remains dominant in the sky so we might say a transit rather than an eclipse. Line 1, OF ‘cache’ means occulted, hidden. It figures that this strange eclipse by Mercury might blot out the Sun as an aligned ‘syzygy’ or as a cloud does but does not necessarily wrestle it from prominence. In the case of occultation the Sun would be obscured by a shadow of Mercury thrown upon part of the Earth, so Mercury is then ‘eclipsing’ the Earth. Hermes/Mercury traverses the Zodiac in its own manner and is the fastest planet in the flat night sky yet can appear stationary night-upon-night whenever it seems to gather itself for an apparent change of direction.
The planetary aspects for Sunday 16th April 2010, for instance, show that the Moon in Gemini had become a little more visible (but not very much, 14% against a 7% ‘blackout’ on the Saturday) after recently disappearing from sight for three days. Mercury was stationary prior to moving ‘in retro’ for a few weeks. During the days after 16th April 2010, Mercury would have been too close to the Sun to be seen.
In contrast to this, the Sun, Moon and even the constellation stars can appear bigger the nearer they are to our horizon as this optical illusion in the heavens has been caused by our Earthly viewing-platform making its way through Space. Also the apparent size of a remote object is an effect of mass – a remote Brown Dwarf may seem smaller than Earth because of low mass (8% of the Sun) whereas a Red Star, definitionally of high mass-density, will appear bigger than Jupiter.
Accepting that moonlight is reflected sunlight (a possible alternative meaning for ‘Le sol cache’) this quatrain could even be a night-time vision by Nostredame.
‘Le sol cache’ might even be an oblique reference to an astronomic aid such as an astrolabe or the dark glass optical device that Michel would need to explain how he could close-view Mercury and the Sun from Earth without being blinded. Even so he would have needed to be a giant step ahead of the up-and-coming Galileo.
Line 4 ‘vulcan’ usually means significant fire or volcanic activity but here it is capitalized ‘Vulcan’ as an adjectival proper noun as if to distinguish the god Hermes from the planet Mercury. Hermes is the god who invented fire whilst the winged messenger is Mercury.
Another interesting word here is ‘pastures’. Cosmologists today do sometimes speak of heavenly bodies ‘feeding on’ their neighbours and of ‘grazing lunar occultations’. If Nostredame could know something of Pasteur, could he know about ‘pasteurization’ also? Or is this the reconversion of a mechanical modernity into a pastoral Arcadia? Or merely a colour-change from red to green?
Yet this quatrain does not mention the Earth: so could this be something alchemical or medical or pharmaceutical?
Line 4 ‘rutilant’ is “qui brille d’un vif éclat” (1495, ‘Miroir historial’, de Vignay, edited 1531, XXV manuscript note: la comete plus rutillante que la coustume)
NASA’S cartooned graphics of the Sun, its outward explosions and the planets or comets transiting or approaching it, are published continuously. They are received as original photographs from scientific satellites (currently SOHO and STEREO). The extreme intensity of the body of the Sun is fully eclipsed by a superimposed black disc. Mercury and Venus will come round into view after being blocked from sight by positioning viz the Sun (‘eclipsed’ by it?) but Earth and the Moon are ‘behind the camera.’ Therefore any hapless sighting of these graphics by a Sixteenth Century Remote Viewer/Time Traveller, or anybody else for that matter, would always find the main body of the Sun ‘in eclipse’. (Filtered portraits of the Sun itself are regularly released, usually looking orange or green. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) has an array of ultraviolet sensing cameras and is producing evidence of scorching rains of plasma that is cushioned by hot gases but returns slowly to the Sun’s ‘surface’.)
Paleontologists have proposed that life on Earth has faced extinction in a 26-million-year cycle that has divided-up the last 250 million years whilst astronomers have supplied comet impacts as one possible cause for these repeated catastrophes. Presuming its periodicity as if it were verifiable, this collectivized monster has been nicknamed ‘Ashar’, ‘the Death Star’, ‘Nemesis’ or ‘Vulcan’ (‘Vulcan Hermes’?) as well as that Internet legend with an ancient name, ‘Nibiru’.
If the ‘&’ may represent any one letter of the alphabet (as many Nostradamus puzzlers say) we could suppose the old Sumerian name Nibiru is contained in the legend ‘rutiland & blond’ in Line 4. (‘Nibiru’ appears originally in the Enûma Eliš as an alternative name to the Sun and also to Jupiter.)
(Also see the Articles GODLY ASTROLOGY and CELESTIAL SCIENCE-ART: A COMPANION TO GODLY ASTROLOGY)
CLOUDS OF CELESTIAL DUST AND INCOMING SPACE MINERALS
An old favourites among prophets of all flags, comets were their traditional first choice because of the visual impact and rarity, though now we register them all the time by our advanced devices. The so-called Second Coming of Jesus is all about clouds, by His own description.
To an extent, charged particles of dust immersed in plasma within the radiative environment of the magnetospheres of Saturn and Uranus can alter both the size and constituents of their rings. Space dust may also hold many secrets of the green wet Earth’s creation from a seemingly dry grey rock. These dust particles that flow great distances and harbour enduring bacteria may be affected by radiation pressures when passing the stars and planets. When immersed in a plasma, photo ionization occurs as well as thermionic and UV-induced photo emissions and collisioned and collisionless absorptions or secondary electron emissions and spatio-temporal damping. It all happens. The positively charged dust particulates, electrons etc., will then get affected by electro-magnetic fields and can further interact with a host plasma field to surprising effect.
If dust that is entering our solar system comes into contact with a solar wind plasma, via the Sun’s inconsistent magnetic shield, and a cloud is formed then that is a dust plasma and we will probably all be affected. Amodified dust acoustic wave can produce unexpected behavioral instabilities.
Outside predictions that have been aired include altering relativistic effects of gravity, time dilations, impaired sentience and changing realities, plasma discharges over vast distances and possibly a visible spectrum for radio waves. Or a higher charge in ionic plasma that could weaken units bonded by electrochemical covalence which might affect them disasterously. Apocalypse now!
Put more basically, the Sun may be approaching a boundary between the Local Cloud (of gas) and the Local Bubble (of very hot gas) and there are no true estimates of how close these are to each other nor of their angular momentums. The so-called Ribbon, as apparent to the NASA satellite IBEX, has particles with no electrical charge. This might just be explained by a geometric effect. However, if the ‘hot neighbour’ hypothesis proves true then the Sun might even enter that field of turbulence within this century.
The term ‘Fire and Ice’ is quite Biblical. Comets are always with us, daily, but most went unnoticed before modern instruments of detection. The Romans saw them rarely, took them as a threat from the gods and would execute a nobleman selected by the Emperor in placation of them. A comet and its tail is much more than ice. It is partly crystalline minerals that have been heated to extremes far beyond the warmest of space dust. An amino acid has been located in a comet.
Any asteroid rock that approaches the Earth is termed a meteor and a piece of it is called a meteorite (including iron meteorites).
Exceeding critical mass could raise a direct impact, a multiple of the impact of the greatest man-made thermo-nuclear explosions known so far, and initiating an oceanic wave, a mega-tsunami.
EARTH-BASED NATURAL DISASTERS
SOME CURRENTLY POSSIBILE EARTHLY CAUSES OF HUMAN EXTINCTION
A great leak of sulphur/methane would wreak havoc upon the fragile bio-chemistry within Oceans, shutting down the natural filtration systems and allowing arsenic to rise from the deep up to the sea’s surface.
So-called Tectonic Plates travel apart, as is now occurring under the Atlantic Ocean so forming the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, and plate movement is also driving the sub-continent of India under the Himalayas. And Iceland may soon expand with concomitant fissure earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. The heavenly Jet Stream should spread any ensuing volcanic dust all over Western Europe. Fukushima radiation is most probably spreading at all levels still, as the solution to that problem is seemingly unsought after let alone being applied as the matter of life and death that it is.
(See my post The MSM may be walking shadows of brief candles but an ongoing absence of Fukushima fury signifies a need to sound out this old news afresh at http://nostradamondo.wordpress.com/2012/05/)
The sub-marine Gulf Stream is constantly watched for new movements since the horrific BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico (and about which sporadic Internet reports claim that it is still leaking).
Vast man-made underground stores of methane gas and other things exist in the US and are being promoted now in Italy.
(See my post POVERA ITALIA!at http://nostradamondo.wordpress.com/2012/06)
Earthquakes or vacuum-creating sinkholes could lead to explosions that would dwarf Hiroshima. (In 1986, Lake Neos in a Cameroon mountain area exploded after a hydrocarbon build-up causing a gas-with-water fountain up to 100 metres in the air that smothered a whole village and killed living things over 15 miles away.)
This recurs frequently in Nostradamus in the sense of various French and Italian rivers cascading in extreme torrents toward the sea and creating chaos. (See the Article STORED UP IN THE NORTH WIND) Whilst fire is extinguishable any escape of indefatigable water is a devastating occurrence. In financial terms, Nostradamus could even be representing the banking catastrophes some of which may have crashed down from their mountainous sources in Switzerland. In fact Swiss banking giant UBS were the very first to come clean about “mark to market” losses in accountable asset values, precipitating the contiguous collapse of many major international and national banks who had been holding the breach/keeping cave and manouvering within their potentially gigantic accounting losses. Even so, two ‘transatlantic’ piratical banking cities with smooth exteriors are the real hub of the roulette wheel, so maybe not.
Mention of boiling seas, dead fish and seawater-incursion is often assumed by Nostradamus researchers to refer to the use/misuse (its the same thing) of a mega-bomb. However, an equally big disruption in Bronze Age Europe came from the eruption of Minoan Crete and this points a lingering finger of suspicion at Santorini-Thera and elsewhere in the Mediterranean. (Undersea volcanoes are powerful: in December, 2009, “bubbles of fire” were recorded by a deep-sea robot at 4,000 feet below the Pacific’s surface.) The Mediterranean/Tyrrhenian Sea holds Marsili, 175 kilometers southwest of Naples. It’s cap is about 450 meters submerged and it stands at 3,000 metres high. This volcano is active, of great length and width, and so could erupt starting a major undersea landslide and a freak wave that could engulf Campania, Calabria, Sicily and further lands. It never has, though.
Any eclipse was and is an important effector in Astrology even if the effects may not seem immediate to us. As with all the topics on this webpage, there are several relevant quatrains in the Centuries. (We came across IV 29 in the previous section and will encounter the dramatic Nostradamus Quatrain prediction III 34 in the section KEY QUATRAINS.)
1555 Lyon Bonhomme
Lune obscurcie aux profondes tenebres,
Son frere passe de couleur ferrugine:
Le grand caché long temps sous les latebres,
Tiedera fer dans la plaie sanguine.
I’m always aware of the possibility of printer’s dictation errors in the early editions but substituting ‘eaux’ for ‘aux’ (as they sound similar) would not really change much here.
Line 1, OF ‘tenebres’ is gloom or shadow.
Line 2, OF ‘ferrugine’ equates with ‘rouille’, rust.
Line 3, OF ‘latebres’, if this is actually OF ‘latèbre’, means a secret place but if this is OF ‘latébreux’ then it means isolated or withdrawn whilst OF ‘les latebres’ suggests obscurers, isolators, concealers.
Line 4, OF ‘tiedera/tédier’ means to be fatigued, feel yearning or languish.
The Moon obscured, deep shadow,
Its brother goes rust red:
The great one hidden for a long time under the concealers,
The weapon languishes in the blooded wound.
Either the brother of the Moon is the Sun or this is unusual Astrology-Astronomy in that it proffers the notion that a pair of eclipses will actually mask the existence of another body in distant Space. Should we not have this pair of eclipses to consider then that makes it slightly more regular astro fare – and also makes the idea of a planet masked for weeks a little easier to comprehend.
Nostradame foresaw or predicted via the planets an Especial New Millennium. (2010 had much of the Zodiac in a rare alignment that sent tidal waves through the contemporary Astrology community.) He thought that past institutions under the Age of Pisces, as supported by the great religions, were very likely to get broken.
1555 Lyon Bonhomme
Temples sacrés prime façon Romaine
Reieteront les gosses fondements,
Prenant leurs loys premieres & humaines,
Chassant, non tout, des saints les cultements.
Temples consecrating in the main Roman manner,
Bring back into play the gospels’ fundamentals,
Holding up their requirements and imperatives on the humain obligations
Taking out the cults of the sainted holies, although not entirely.
Line 1. ‘Temples sacres’ means cathedrals or any other places where kings can be ‘consecrated’ during crowning ceremonies rather than ‘consecrated grounds’. However, as Rome was a Republic and then an Empire, “Temples consecrating kings in the main Roman manner” would be a true translation and yet historically incorrect. The search for some alternative takes on ‘Temples sacres prime facon Romaine’ leaves us with a confusion:
The world’s religious meeting places will be made primarily Roman Catholic (in first place amongst a universal artifice recomposed out of most local religions, nature worships and other cults)
OR the church or churches will be fashioned like the first Roman temples, i.e. pagan (basically, Greek gods yet with an Etruscan influence)
OR to resemble the original Roman Christianity, i.e. with compulsory pacifism deleted by law, an amendment ordered by the warlike Constantine (and probably in accordance with the Nicene triumvirate as he effectively owned them)
OR temples will be built in the Roman fashion, architecturally
OR Jesus Worship of the early First Century, or at least very simple Christianity, will be imposed upon the corrupt fatback Roman Church in the Western World today
OR ELSE imposed upon the Catholic Church of Nostredame’s own time.
Certainly Catholic church buildings were attacked and lands were seized after this was written, including by the Huguenots, and the War of the Religions did not halt the spread of Protestantism.
(See the Nostradamus Quatrain II 8 REFORMATION ACCORDING TO NOSTRADAMUS)
The Cult of Reason with its Feast of the Supreme Being was ordered into place by the revolutionary Robespierre in the 1790’s but this was essentially corrupt. If people must have their congregated religions (though why should we not make all-important individual spritual progress?) then this might at least honour Divine Existence rather than dead martyrs and materialistic gains.
A fairly frequent placename in the Centuries, this may be a Spanish-influenced version of ‘Aquitaine’. The OF pronunciation – once we drop the leading ‘A’ – was probably more ‘g’ than ‘qw’ which could give us ‘Gitaine/Gitane’. My best guess is that the regional name Aquitaine was derived from something akin to Anglais-Gitane and pronounced in a suitable Southern accent as Agitaine or a-Gitane and then Gitane, finally softening into Guyenne/Guienne/Guien and its variation Guiana.
The Spanish Romanies are called Gitano (as distinct from ‘vagabundo’). Romani people had explored most of Europe and futher afield by various routes (as they do today) and annual gypsy religious pilgrimages still centre on parts of the South of France where the legend of the Black Madonna is going strong. The word gypsy comes from the word Egypt whilst ‘gitane’ is also the OF for a gypsy female and may well have come originally from the Spanish ‘Egipto’.
As yet it has proved difficult to establish which these are but the following is certainly one of them. It could be argued that every Nostradamus Quatrain is key but I would disagree. It seems to me that the main thrust of the Opera Nostradamus is toward End Time and the rest forms a very absorbing, astonishing and informative wad of padding.
One almanack carried this apocalyptic quatrain on its frontispiece. It reads somewhat like Matthew 24 (“the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light”)
1555 Lyon Bonhomme
Quand le defaut du soleil lors sera,
Sus le plain iour le monstre sera veu:
Tout autrement on l’interpretera.
Cherté n’a garde: nul ny (n’y) aura pourueu.
When the Sun is deficient OR eclipsed,
The monster will be seen in plain daylight:
Quite otherwise they will have interpreted it,
Totally unguarded (at a high price) as none will have foreseen it.
(whch might be extrapolated as “Dearest! Defenceless without warnings! Totally unforeseen!”)
At first sight the interpretation of Line 4 might easily be a reference to Nostredame’s own prophesying which explains things yet is very confusingly muddled. (Nostradamus researchers all agree that Michel deliberately obfuscated matters, as prophets often have, yet this line can read as if the writings would become clear after the event, another trait of prophets, yet should have been successfully interpreted in advance except that they were confounded by researchers and detractors alike.) My subsequent extrapolation contains a sigh of compassion for humanity (quite in character) as they could not see it coming!
Line 1, OF ‘default/fault’ is a solar phenomenon suggesting absence or error. Of course, the only experience we have of this so far is eclipse. Otherwise ‘default du soleil’ could be a Pope or King who has stepped down.
Line 2 O.F. OF ‘plain’ can be ‘plane’, a single surface, or a simple sight. In this context it might be a total lack of light robbing the day and its objects of any definition or it could equally mean ‘in plain daylight’, implying that light is coming from a non-solar source. OF ‘veu’ is possibly ‘vœu’, vow (to God) or else simply ‘seen’, so making ‘pourveu’ equivalent to foreseen.
Line 4 ‘Cherté’ is from ‘cher’, as in ‘dearest bretheren’, although it sounds a little like ‘certo’ the italian for ‘certainly’. ‘garde’ is like ‘surveillance’, security. ‘nul n’y’ here suggests ‘total absence’.
This comparison is delivered as a serious aside in some quatrains. Emperor Nero got the bad press he deserved although it has probaly been inaccurately detailed. Tacitus, who showed disgust at all political manipulations of language and severely criticized Rome for having fallen from the virtuous strength of the old Republic, denied that ‘Nero fiddled while Rome burned” and emphasized the good works of the Emperor in providing relief, offering the palace as a homeless shelter and making new and advanced urban plans (a little like Sir Christopher Wren). However, he did not actually deny that Nero started the fire and emphasized Nero’s vain brand of cruelty and his horrific handling of the ‘Chrestians’ problem. (It said that the Hebrew numeric value of 666 applies to the name ‘Neron Kesar’ and in Aramaic it is also 666 and ‘Nero Caesar’ in Latin makes up the alternative Bible reference of 616 – the quoted numbers of the Beast in different editions of Revelation – but I have not checked these for proof yet.)
(For more on ‘666’ see the Article CYCLES NUMBERS SYMBOLS CHAINS AND LINKS TO NOSTRADAMUS)
In the Twentieth Century when some British MP’s sought to ban all religious ‘sects’ following some highly negative publicity the Established Church of England’s Archbishop of Canterbury brought up the point that Christianity itself started out as a sect. This word crops up so frequently in Nostradamus Quatrains that there are too many examples to mention, probably because the word had a variety of clubbish meanings in Nostredame’s time. Michel even extended this to some slaughtered French-Dutch or, as some have said, blonde Scandinavians who were b.lamed and run down by the mob during the early aftermath of the Great Fire of London.
1555 Lyon Bonhomme
Le sang de iuste à Londres sera faute
Bruslés par fouldres de vint trois les six.
La dame antique cherra de place haute:
De mesme secte plusieurs seront occis.
In London the blood of justness will be mistaken
Consumed unrecognizably by the shocking blaze ‘de vint trois les six’.
The ancient lady will fall from her high place:
Some more from a particular group will be slain.
The Great Fire of London lasted from Sunday 2nd September to Wednesday 5th September in 1666. It started at the bakery of Farriner, the letters of which name may be found scrambled in the first line thanks to the substitution of ‘i’ for ‘j’ in OF ‘iuste’ (meaning just, correct and accurate action).
Line 1. The use of OF ‘sang’ seems to be poetic if this quatrain reflects the Great Fire of 1666. This is surprising as Nostredame was a doctor knew well the humours of which ‘blood’ relates to Spring and childhood. Perhaps he considered some aspects of the peoples responses to be childish impetuousity. On the other hand, a cause of the spread of fire was the City of London Lord Mayor Bloodworth’s less than impetuous decision-making. Was this supreme dignitary ‘the blood of justness’ which was in error? It also seems an echo of the information in Line 4.
Line 2, OF ‘bruslés’ meant consumed by or the appearance changed by a conflagration. Naturally it can mean both. OF ‘fouldre’ meant lightning or strong shock or dazzling bright light. I’ve combined the latter pair.
OF ‘vint’ means either ‘vingt’, twenty, or is from ‘venir’ to come. (If so, ‘vint/vînt’ is a literary usage and suggests that the main clause before it is in the past as far as I can see.) OF ‘de’ can be a connecting word or it represents the arithmetic ‘regle de apposition et remotion’, the rule of addition and subtraction. The three sixes, OF ‘les trois six’ = 666.
(The conventional interpretation of ‘de vint trois les six’ is that it means 20 x 3 + 6 = 66 and the leap is then made to London in 1666 so as to match the Great Fire.)
The ancient lady of Line 3 might well be the old cathedral which was replaced by Sir Christopher Wren who, subsequent to the fire, became the right man in the right place.
Line 4, OF ‘plusieurs’ here means ‘some more’ and suggests ‘in addition to’ the fire dead. OF ‘occis/occire’ means murderously killed or slain. This is exactly what happened to the fair-haired foreigners.
Contrary to the commonest interpretation of this Nostradamus Quatrain II 51 which hinges upon the London fire and ‘66’, I find fitting evidence for the Great Fire in every line but come unstuck over whether this is the OF noun ‘vingt’ or the OF verb tense ‘vint’ as is shown in all but one of the Sixteenth Century editions. Either way, this is the Great Fire of London, 1666, St.Paul’s Cathedral and a wrongly blamed sect.
Here’s a less usual pair of sects that I have avoided for reasons of space – the astrological sects, diurnal and nocturnal:
The 7 planets were the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Saturn and Jupiter.
The luminary Moon and Mars and Venus were the nocturnal or night-time sect. In simple terms these are the planets that exert greater influence when the Sun is below the horizon.
The luminary Sun and Saturn and Jupiter were the diurnal or daytime sect. In simple terms these planets exert greater influence when the Sun is above the horizon.
Mercury, the sometime hermaphrodite, is not a permanent member of either sect.
Oriental is East of the Sun and when Mercury is in this space and rises and sets before the Sun then Mercury is a temporary member of the diurnal/daytime sect. Otherwise it is a temporary member of the nocturnal sect being Occidental or West of the Sun with Mercury rising and setting after the Sun. This latter planetary polarity is to be taken into account along with positive male and negative female polarity and, in Arab Astrology, ‘intrinsic’ polarity. It infers a lessened influence for Mercury.
So that was the astrological sectoring for the night sect and the day sect. Essential to Hellenistic and Arab Astrology, it had a complexing though lesser effect on Medieval Astrology in Europe.
(Also see the Articles ADDENDUM TO QUATRAIN II 51 and CELESTIAL SCIENCE-CELESTIAL ART: A COMPANION TO GODLY ASTROLOGY)
SEVEN, SEVENTH AND THE SEPTENTRIONALIS
“The magic number 7”
Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund
In Nostradame’s broader homeland of Septimania – which was much different culturally from today, of course – the seventh son, especially of a seventh son, was marked out as ‘marcou’ and regarded as virtually holy. The root of this ‘special number 7’ belief is ancient and widespread. Number 7 was the ancient Middle East’s mother-and-father of all magical attributes expressed as a numeral. Along the Indus Valley, however, number 3 occupied poll position. In oldest China they favoured most a trilogical combination, being that ‘3 has 2 and 1 and 1 has 2 and 3’ whereby Heaven is constantly embracing Earth as a joint product of, and yet inseparable from, the ineffable single source of all things; the number One. It follows that 3 + 2 + 1 = 6. The Hebrew Bible was more linear. It starts with He who made all and recovered or was resting on the ‘seventh day’ and this same figure 7 was further structured-in to everyday life as the days of the week. It’s an arithmetic unit amounting to a place ‘midway between 6 and 8’ which a math theoretician might simplify to ‘somewhere between 3 and 4’.
Numericists exploring ancient history are surprised to find that rough approximations of pi have been built-in to scalings of dimensions by some early human centres of civilization. How come they all knew about this? We have presumed that far apart spots on the globe influenced each other rarely if at all. (We must be assuming falsely on this point, I suspect, as a well-equipped boatcrew with good winds might travel a very long way as might a mapped-out route march by hunter-gatherers. Otherwise, the world must be benefited with its new ideas in more than one place and near-simultaneously I guess.)
Actually these ancient ‘lucky numbers’ were mostly to do with the ordinances of worship, the detailed plans for priestly artisans to reproduce altar-dimensions in prescribed relationships for the staging of ceremonies and these were created exclusively by them. It would seem that the earliest sub-priest designers so employed, i.e. those lower than the title of High Priest, were surprisingly knowledgeable technicians.
The interesting point about pi is that it cannot be brought to rest intellectually. (In its decimal run-off the tail of pi must oscillate forever between numerals.) It is likely an aggravating agent of sorts. This quality is also found in the tonal-arithmetic handed down to us by Mesopotamia (Iraq) which gave us base-60 to play with as meaningfully as it will allow. From here we get our minutes in an hour, seconds in a minute and the 360 degrees of a circle. We can then see that the number of days in a natural year is – surprise – 360 plus some. This is an arithmetic irritation in so far as the 360 degrees used to describe a circle of arcs will not fit by any whole number to the ‘plus some’ calendar year and so the precession of the planets and the progression of 12 months can never be neatly handled by our calendars. In other words, our chosen system, mathematics, confuses us over the very planetary orbits that create our exaggerated sense of time (that may one day be seen to be triggering the ‘self-ageing’ of our cells) and causes the planets to be uniformly inconsistent over relatively lengthy extended periods, perhaps to seem ultimately as if chaotic.
Possibly starting with 3-pi-4 as the mystery factor hidden in the bland 6-7-8 finger count, an unending propensity to change exists somewhere within Time and Space geometry that will incorporate only shakily into our chosen static numbering system and is reflected in the wobbling of Earth viz our soaring solar system. Using ten fingers to count is as handy as can be. But the deca system of numerals is not necessarily the best, involving doubling (leading us straight past the possibility of endless micro numbers or else inconsistent immeasurable gaps in between units) and raising some other questions with potentially dramatic repercussions. How positive or negative or facilitating or irrelevant is the number 7 judged by its applications in the natural world? It’s not a Fibonacci number, that’s far too irrational. It can be fractional which the Golden Ratio and pi and e cannot be. Seems that 7 remains a normal number inside the most complex math so why does it so often signify the abnormal or mysterious once it has escaped back into the simple counting of events?
To help you locate this repetitive occurrence in ‘Nostradamus’ and make your own appraisal;
I 48, Line 2, Seven thousand years
I 69, Line 1, The great mountain seven stadia round
IV 60 Line 1, Seven children
V 2, Line 1, Seven conjurors/conspirators
V 32, Line 4, In the same state as the seventh rock
VI 11 Line 1, Seven branches
X 72 Line 1, the seventh month (or else ‘Septembre’)
X 74 Line 1, ‘revolution number seven’
The Vaticinia or Lost Book of Nostradamus (See the Article 2012 NOSTRADAMUS) has seven symbolic drawings, possibly by César Nostredame.
Septentrionalis is the Seven Stars, also another word for Compass North, and it appears several times in the ‘Opera Nostradamus’. (See especially the Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 85 AQUILON-AQUITAINE and the EPISTLE TO THE KING)
(Incl. IV 66 V 60 and VI 29)
Shaved heads are an option, naturally, so what does a shaven head betoken? Receiving the tonsure, shaving the center of the head to look like an empty-centred roundel, has ever been the sign of acceptance that monks have achieved initiation into their chosen Order. It reflects an ancient priestly fashion, possibly originating in Egypt and around the Eastern Mediterranean.
Some extravagantly big-wigged personages have their whole heads shaved. I visited a High Court Judge with my friend and was surprised to be greeted by a ‘skinhead’ pate. He explained to us that he shaved off his hair for each Summer because of the heat under his Judge’s wig.
Currently a fully shaven head is sported by young men (and sometimes young women) in many parts of the world. Saif al-Islam el-Gaddafi is a well-known example.Older men who are losing their hair have joined-in enthusiastically with this activity making the style (or lack of a hairstyle) quite normal. Mohawk heads had plenty of hair yet are remembered for being shaved. Public shaving of the head has sometimes been inflicted as a shaming punishment and yet voluntary balding could denote membership of a cult or group or alternative lifestyle. (Although ‘lifestyle’ is a marketing concept that is almost unthought of outside the modern developed countries.)
A pamphlet of the French Revolution entitled ‘Les têtes tondues, sifflées, critiquées, et traitées comme elles le méritent’ at the Newbery Library and which is a critique of shaven heads claims that Malcus (Mabus?) whose ear was chopped off by the disciple Simon Peter at Gesthemane must have had a shaven head or the blow would have glanced off. It appears to be a joke.
A Syrian child who survived a shameless massacre in 2012 stated repeatedly that this was committed by men with long beards and shaved heads. This is a common appearance for Jihadist and other Middle Eastern fighters for Islamic dominance over secular states and who are effectively soldiers in all but clothing. (A fighter-friendly fatwa now limits the apparent necessity for facial hair to accord with life’s circumstances.)
1557 Lyon Du Rosne
Soubz couleur faincte/saincte de sept testes rasees
Serons semés diuers explorateurs:
Puys & fontaines de poyson arrousees,
Au fort de Gennes humains deuorateurs.
Under the feigned/holy flag of seven shaven heads
An indeterminable number of diverse infiltrators/spies will be cast across the field:
Wells and fountains sprinkled with poisons,
At the fort of Gennes, devourers of human beings/voracious human beings.
Line 1, OF ‘couleur’ is colour but in Vietnamese it means flag. I’ve mentioned before that Saigon Ville was of French construction several centuries back and that in my opinion the language today is peppered with ‘soldier French’ of long ago. Of course, colour means flag in English as well and I’ve chosen it here as fairly appropriate. Who are the seven shaven heads? Crewcut soldiers? Seven bald mountains or desert islands? A chain gang of shaved prisoners? Seven member states with reduced powers? Nuns? Bald birds of prey? The planets? Seven skulls or heads faced directly forward on a banner or heraldic shield? This last could fit well with ‘colour’ as there are seven specific ‘tinctures’ in heraldry. (Gold, silver, blue, red, black, green and purple). Forward-facing heads (so hiding their hair) were called ‘guardant’ whilst ‘pierced’ meant any roundel with the centre missing. (For quiff fans; although a ‘queue’ was, in daily life, a tail of hair on the back of a soldier’s head, a ‘quevee’ was a heraldic animal’s tail.)
Line 2, OF ‘semé’ is heraldic and means an indeterminable number of dots on the face of a shield. Agriculturally it would mean broadcasting a-field the seeds for fresh crops. OF ‘explorateur’ meant an advance scout, a soldier sent out in advance of the front line.
Line 4, ‘fort of Gennes’ is either some very ancient dolmens – large stone ‘portal’ burial chambers – or the old castle of Milly-le-Meugon near Gennes, gradually rebuilt with Renaissance ornamentation (including in Nostredame’s lifetime). The notable family who owned it became related to the throne of France by marriage to the Prince Premier de Sang, Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé. (A ‘prince of the blood’ was specifically titled Monsiur le Prince in the Kingdom of France and restrictively ranked apart from the ‘fils de France’ or ‘petit-fils de France’. Condé’s used the title from 1589 to 1709.)
The phrase ‘devourers of human beings’ rings a bell with me. It is very close to the Political Science favourite “the King eats the people” meaning that royal and tyrannical governors, all governments really, are parasitical. A fair observation or not, it happens that the Prince de Sang customarily had all his household expenses paid-for by the people so to speak.
OF ‘devorateur’ clearly means devouring but ‘vorateur’ could also mean voracious providing us with a less disturbing English translation. If ‘Gennes’ means ‘Genoa’ as some Nosradamus researchers have said, then the former might be the Black Plague and the latter might be commentary upon punishment by the ejected French for Genoan support of the Spanish during which Genoa was pummelled by thirteen thousand cannonballs. Both occurred there during the Early to Mid Seventeenth Century.
I suppose it is ‘incompletist’ of me to suggest ‘forget the last line’ but I can’t help but notice how the first three lines fit to some highly suspected chemical warfare plans deep inside Syria right now. (See the Article WATCH OUT WORLD Part 3 and my post “We are now in a state of war”at the site http://www.nostradamondo.wordpress.com)
Should this Nostradamus Quatrain IV 66 not fit adequately to the village of Gennes in France then perhaps this is an example of Nostredame using Medieval Astrology’s placename reference books and this being the weakest point of the great ‘Opera Nostradamus’. (See the Article NOSTRADAMUS GEOGRAPHY)
1557 Lyon Du Rosne
Par teste rase viendra bien mal eslire,
Plus que sa change ne porte passera:
Si grand fureur & raige sera dire,
Qu’a feu & sang tout sexe trenchera.
The shaven head will prove to be an extremely bad selection,
More than just change (such that) no door is open to him:
He will speak from such great fury and rage,
That to fire and blood he will consign the entire ‘sexe’.
Line 1, OF ‘eslire/élire/eligere’ means to choose, prefer or recall or to appoint or vote for somebody. In the singular it could even mean remarkable.
Line 2, OF ‘changera’ OF ‘Plus que sa passera’ would mean ‘more than just an exchange’. OF ‘passer’ has the time-space notion of motion, flow as well as transferance, owning in the sense of mastering or accomodating, or going further than a place, sharing between or changing domains or covering a time and reaching rest, satisfying or sating desire. It can also mean to finalise a treaty or bring it into play. As a noun it would mean a sparrow. In the above context I think it is best paraphrased from ‘porte passera’ to ‘open door’.
Line 3, OF ‘sexe’ means gender but there is a small group of Nostradamus Quatrains that use the word ‘SEX’ or ‘Sextus’ to refer to monuments bearing this name at places around Provence. (For further information see the Article ‘TRACKING AND TRACING’ MULTIPLE REFERENCES IN NOSTRADAMUS)
In the above context ‘tout sexe’ could mean, I suppose, a purely masculine assembly such as at the Vatican.
1557 Lyon Du Rosne
La vefue saincte entendant les nouuelles,
De ses rameaus mis en perplex & trouble:
Qui sera duict appaiser les querelles,
Par son pourchas des razes fera comble.
Line 1, OF ‘vefue’ means one whose wife or husband is deceased.
Line 2, OF ‘rameau’ is a twig or small branch or plant stake analogous to the veins or arteries.
Line 3, OF ‘duict/duit’ is close to the English words ‘product’ and ‘duct’. Those practiced, experienced and skilled or those who are teachers of skills or else their products.
Line 4, OF ‘comble’ is from the same sphere as cumulus. The heights. The top of the house. In the highest degree. At the fullest or even beyond that.
The holy widow(er) hearing the news,
Of the branches put in perplexity and trouble:
Who will appease skilfully these quarrels,
By her/his pursuit of the shaven ones enjoys surpassing success.
No time-and-place clues here but this sure reads like a private reading for Catherine de Medicis, patron de Nostradamus in his capacity as Conseiller de la Reine.
There are further instances of ‘la teste raze’ such as in the Nostradamus Quatrains I 88 and VII 13.
TRANSITS OF THE SUN AND TALES OF TWO SUNS IN OUR SKIES
Mercury transits the Sun around 13 times a century, always in May or November when the tilted plane of Mercury’s orbit comes in line with our own. (OF ‘éloignée’ could be Sixteenth Century astro-speak for an alignment.) It is possible to view the transit from the Southern Hemisphere as much as the Northern.
Mercury can look very small and fast, a dot of blackness like a sunspot gone rogue and moving one hundred times the rotation speed of the Sun. Sometimes, as in November 1999, it hardly seems to brush the face of the Sun. It can also be seen conjunct with Venus after sundown or during a total lunar eclipse, as viewed in the Northern Hemisphere in November 1993 when the Sun set with Mercury in front, still revealing its orbital movement.
Every 105 to 122 years, there are a pair of Venus transits spaced eight years apart (such as 1882 and 2004). Mercury is further away than Venus making the latter bigger and brighter to us. It transited the Sun on 6th June 2012, apparently visible to the naked eye.
Mock Suns have also been recorded widely. Probably these are Venus sightings (Venus is the nearest planet to the horizon) but they might also be atmospheric phenomena of sorts. Keenly radiant gold or red rays are said to be a feature of these sightings.
In 1874 near Marienberg, Prussia, a Mock Sun hanging low in the sky was seen at dusk. The red disc was perpendicularly beneath the Sun and of the same size. It then became clearer and clearer and more like the true Sun then the latter descended into the space it had occupied.
In 1898 at Sudbury, England, two additional Suns were observed that became very brilliant. White circles floated above and apart from them both and a crescent Moon that held its horns upward and was still visible by morning daylight had shone a bright red. By 10 a.m. all had faded.
A perihelion, commonly known as a ‘sundog’, has a distinctive circular appearance and is sometimes to be seen mounted brightly upon a solar halo.
Distinctive orange-red Betelgeuse is the second brightest star in the constellation of Orion (very rarely it will outshine its neighbour Rigel) and is easy to spot, being the ninth brightest star we can see at night and of a gigantic surface area.
For some years the pundits have warned that it is about ready to blow itself up into a supernova, making our solar sky look much like there are two suns. However, it is 640 light years distant making this prediction an Earth-based observer’s one. Our nights will be daylit for a while. The Betelgeuse supernova will probably be the greatest thing we have seen in the sky but should cause us no harm.
The Mayan New Cycle, post 2012, is said to bring the Sixth Sun level of planetary consciousness and should also commence with a day of Two Suns. The notion is being said to be one of the evolution of consciousness – a subject which many people feel qualified to pontificate on yet which most scientists avoid as science has absolutely no idea about this other than to break it down into unsynchronized study sections rather than a cohesive Oneness. Linked to progressive levels of human consciousness, it may be a crossover interpretation based on the Vedic system of Ages. That kind of New Age would certainly be welcomed. Our present education-and-employment systems throw up war-mongering political leaders almost all of the time. In this context, modern Mayans seem to pay little attention to the Winter Solstice 2012. (See the Article 2012 NOSTRADAMUS)
There are channels on YOUTUBE that are private contributions to skywatching and easy to follow.
Nostredame refers to a man who wants no title save Victor. The Lamb of Revelation opened a seal and a man on a white horse with a bow but no arrows and no crown rode out “conquering, and to conquer.” Later his crown gets given him as the ‘Stephanos’ or ‘Victor’s Crown’, a reward for lasting yet bloodless victories, i.e. beyond worldly politicians and warlords to achieve. (The Hebrew Book of Psalms, in particular, references the arrow as both a physical weapon and a symbol for verbal defamations of character. To employ neither and overcome all is virtually beyond credibility.)
However both the great warrior Charlemagne and world-shaking HRE Charles V grew heavy with personal titles and heraldic shields and banners and shunned them all whilst retaining power. Mithraists also held on high their god Sol Invictus who vied with but lost out to Jesus the Resurrected for the heavenly title ‘perpetual victor’.
Or rather that Roman demi-god handed over the Field Marshall’s baton. The Labarum (which was first a pagan and later a Christian symbol) appeared in a vision that the losing General Constantine experienced, he said, on the eve of his surprising victory at the battle of MilvanBridge, 312 AD. (after which he became Emperor).
The legend says he saw the now familiar badge of superimposed Greek letters chi and rho (P and X) written in the sky accompanied by the Latin phrase ‘in hoc signo vinces’ (“Due to this sign, prevail”) and Constantine said he thought it was a sign from Sol Invictus the war-god that he worshipped. Constantine was the Pontiff of Mithra (bearing the same clothing and accoutrements as were handed by him to the future RC Pope) before establishing Roman Christianity as his fulfillment of his vow to the Christian God (who was not yet established together with Chrēston as the Holy Trinity ). He had vowed he would do this after interpreting the heavenly words “follow this sign and you will be victorious” to mean “instal Christianity in return for your personal military victory”. A dully blooded act of Faith.
‘Resurrection from Death’ may have seemed quite the perfect armed forces slogan to a pagan General, contradicted only by the deep-rooted Christian pacificism that Constantine rapidly headed-off by introducing capital punishment for conscientious objectors in the Roman army. It seems that Constantine (who only converted personally on his death-bed despite long before imposing his Church upon pagan Rome and its farflung pagan Empire) wanted most of all to be remembered as a winner.
Constantine’s personal ‘labarum standard’ was an immensely popular introduction, guarded by fifty men selected for their virtue. The new Imperial standard formed the sign of the cross on a gold spear with a richly embroidered square banner of great beauty. Above the banner were pictures of the Emperor’s family. On a medal of the time the fighting words on the banner were replaced by the three faces of his sons wearing victory wreaths. (He would later have one of his sons executed, seemingly for becoming too popular with the people!)
Nostredame’s Epistle to the King also wishes the king his fill of “victory and happiness”. This yields us two further candidates for Victor, France’s Henri II and a mysterious future “king” towards whom the Epistle is likely to have been really aimed. Naturally, Nostredame grovels as was proper on addressing a Medieval French King but the word “happiness” is notably absent from the victor quatrain (See VI 70, analyzed in the introduction to the Article Epistle to theKing) for a happy king surely does not know his own kingdom?
UNDERSTANDING NOSTRADAMUS: A FEW UNFAIR ATTRIBUTIONS
FEAR OF THE INQUISITION AND PUBLIC EXECUTION
Of course, Michel had every reason to feel afeared as he was a Roman Catholic. Theoretically Jewish families were exempted but a history of ‘obliged’ conversion to Christianity might attract them as easy pickings for their fraud. Mostly Inquistion was a foreign threat, a terror threat that one’s own authorities were unwilling to secure the population against. It commenced after the final re-taking from the Moors of al-Andalusa. (Modern Spain and Portugal plus small parts of France below the Languedoc and Provence). Attempts to assuage the usual vitriol against them include the pointing out that inquisitional organisations always recorded an accounting loss. Well they would if they were pocketing a fortune as individuals, wouldn’t they? A doctrinal avoidance of spilling blood led to tortures like boiling to the bone. On the other hand the number of official murders by them, although in the thousands, was probably much lower than is commonly imagined. I cannot believe that money-grabbing was not their unholy objective. (Hence the fearful executions by effigy just to put the frighteners on their reluctant payers.) By way of contrast, jury trials appeared in the Middle Ages and seemed to have been mostly fair and just, at least compared with trial by a panel of French nobles and clergy or the English ‘trial by ordeal’.
Medieval public execution (usually reserved for serious crimes, sometimes for theft) was mainly by the rope and any additional punishments handed out on sentencing tended to happen to the corpse after hanging, though not always. If you had money or influence public execution could be substituted by a sequestered, near-private, beheading so saving a gentleman or lady from the applecores and insults tossed by strolling crowds of villeins and villains intermingled at some improvised market fairground. Public violence extended surreptitiously to wars agreed by neighbouring kings to keep their populations diverted, the nefarious Crusades and some crushing of rebellions. They also extended to persecutions by Henry VIII and Bloody Mary, continued later by Elizabeth I of England. They all used vicious public execution to deter religio-strategic opponents. Nostredame predicted the Religious Wars that were to bring this method up-to-speed in Continental Europe also.
Docteur Michel is known to have recommended body-bathing during the plague periods although it was against the strict moral policy of the Church. Nostredame might have taken cover under the antique ‘Rule of St.Benedict’ which permitted bathing for the sick but urged the healthy to do so only rarely although after the rise of the Inquisitions body-bathing became viewed as a Muslim-Jewish custom and regular indulgers could be reported for an heretical practice. Thus aversion to personal hygiene spread across Europe in the path of the Inquisition and became too sensitive a subject for most doctors to mention. It seems such fears did not always stop Michel Nostredame from speaking out on what he believed to be true.
The Church’s Council of Narbonne in 590 had first brought-in Christian punishments for fortunetellers who were to be publicly whipped and sold into slavery, by the way.
HIS LACK OF LEARNING
False assumptions that Nostredame was a graduate scholar have been corrected but then the main corrector, displaying thoughtless bias, has taken the opposite tack by assuming that he must have been, per se, inferior in book knowledge. (See the section EARLY SIXTEENTH CENTURY SCHOLARSHIP in the Article UNDERSTANDING NOSTRADAMUS: KEYING THE ARCH) Actually he had a library consisting of several dozens of valuable volumes, despite that he was not ennobled nor a prelate. (These were the usual people who held bound books privately both before Gutenburg’s introduction of the printing press and for some time after.) One of Michel’s collection was a kind of guidebook and a possible source of the obscure place names that pop-up confusingly in ‘Nostradamus’ (See the Article NOSTRADAMUS GEOGRAPHY) but he burned his more luminous books possibly for fear of persecution/prosecution for magick. (See the PREFACE TO CESAR)
The Medieval term ‘scholasticism’ meant a study of Catholic Theology plus some accompanying philosophies and was learned largely by rote. The impact of the new Universities was impressive (Paris even experienced a student’s revolt) but not meaningful for the population generally – the Uni’s were not as big as today and some had no more than a few dozen students. Education was for the children of the families of influence who could be bothered and most working people could neither read nor write (with some necessary exceptions like stonemasons). Michel at least got into famous Montpellier but was later sent back out again through a revolving door as previously he had been a pharmacist, a practical experience that could possibly threaten the authority of academic ‘hands-off’ physicians. Hundreds of years later the essential English poet Keats was slammed-into by a learned London literary critic for being a mere manual labourer, an apothecary. Such is the academic nurture of snobbery.
Ignorance in important matters had once been the hallmark of the Middle Ages but not so M.Nostredame who was fully a Renaissance man of both Acquired Knowledge and Intuitive Knowing, with a mind of his own.
The academic George Dumezil reminded us in 1984 when he introduced his “Dark Gray Monk Within Varennes, Sotie Nostradamus” (Gallimard) that Nostredame had extensive knowledge of Ancient Rome’s history. A sotie was a satirical farce, fashionable up to the Fifteenth Century, and this titular afterthought may have been a sop to prevailing academic prejudice in the 1980’s, a kind of body-swerve of the intellect, as his subsequent discourse is earnest and learned. Dumezil wrote that de Nostredame had quietly enriched the future with the past, so honouring Michel Nostredame’s erudition on all subjects Roman (and Roger Prevost went so far as to describe Nostredame as “a historian among astrologers”).
‘Jews’ is a relatively late expression for the Judaens, the Tribe of Judah. After the Israelite dispersion only the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, with a few other stragglers, returned from Babylon to resettle. The rest, the great majority of the Twelve Tribes, were assimilated around the globe for all we know. They simply ceased to exist as the tribespeople of Israel. ‘Semetic’ is a totally misused term: most Middle Easterners, including Arabs, are semites whilst many modern-day Israelis are not semitic despite some rather newly-acquired biblical family names. The ‘Ashkenazi Jews’ of France, Germany, and Eastern Europe may even be descendants of the Asiatic Khazars, who lived around the Caspian Sea (Khazaria) and who converted as a country to Judaism in the Eighth Century. That genius of clarity Arthur Koestler was a proud Ahkenazi who wrote of them as the ‘Thirteenth Tribe’. When used generally ‘Ashkenazi’ is often taken as meaning ‘German Jewish’.
Connected to the Khazars, Tatars and Turks are the Perseo-Crimean Karaite Jews (“followers of the scripture”) now a meagre number yet distinct and with the majority of them now resident in Israel itself. Living by the Torah, its logical interpretation and tradition, they reject the Oral law and the Talmud. Therefore Karaites reject rabbinic theology as opposed to those Jewish groups who had left the Levant before it ever became established. Some deny being Israelites or claim to be Turkic Mosaic by religion (and this was recognized by the Russian Tsars as well as the later Nazi Reich but the Vichy French were slow to follow suit). Here is the main difficulty with defining Jewishness: is it an ethnic identity or a religious identity or a political identity?
Sephardic Jews (Spanish sefardies) are of Spain, Portugal, North Africa and the Middle East. Modern Israel can boast of one Chief Rabbi who was born in Morocco. Before the Fourteenth Century the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa generally were ruled by Muslims who allowed freedom to Jews. But the Moors were expelled from Spain in 1492 (possibly marking the end of a European era) with Moors and many Jews retreating to Africa and the Middle East, both before and after.
Sephardic Jews eat rice or corn and nuts or beans during Passover. Ashkenazic Jews avoid this. Their form of Judaism is stratified into clear movements whilst Sephardism is less formally organized. Some individual Sephardic Jews are not so strictly observant and integrate well with non-Jews. They have different holiday customs and may disagree with some tenets of traditional Judaism. The Sephardic pronunciation of Hebrew, however, has become standardized. Yiddish speech (German-Hebrew) is Ashkenazi. Ladino speech (Spanish-Hebrew) is Sephardic.
Nostredame appears to be descended from the latter. His writings do display some knowledge of the Jewish feasts – and naturally so as the boy Michel would have attended most all of the family gatherings – but they are clearly Christianity-cultural in both content and intent.
Nostredame may have been unaware of a possible link netween Sephardis and some North African tribes. Dahia al-Kahina was seemingly a warrior queen of the Berbers in the Aures Mountains and a Jew by her tribe’s conversion the century before. She united Berber tribes to push back advancing Moslems in the Seventh Century. There are other African examples: Yemeni Jews are remnants of a Peninsular Arab kingdom that had converted earlier, in the Fourth Century AD.
Counter-intuitively (terrible expression) all legal inherited Jewishness is passed down the female line only.
MONSTRADAMUS AND MONSTROUS ABUSE
“O grand abuseur de peuple!” wrote Laurent Videl, summarizing the response of many to Michel Nostredame’s farmland forecasts and political predictions.
This caused Nostradame to write in the ‘Significations’ (basically a translation of a work by Leovitius on eclipses, utilised by him as a first platform for his counter-attack) “Herein is not the place to render the Apology, in which he and his followers will be a little more amply chaptered (cut down to size), I’ll be satisfied for the present with this.” But Michel later abandoned all notion of issuing an Apologetic to Videl or to anybody.
Generally, scary monsters and printed wild criticisms of the famous had joined together with the fashionable prognostications of Sixteenth Century France to produce a new genre which doubtless affected Nostredame’s literary output considerably, a little like the Internet freedoms at present that have oxygenated aspects of conspiracy. Many social blogsites today will merrily intermix/flaunt discreet informations of quality together with counter-information, abuse, wit, prejudice, insider attempts at disinformation, balderdash, cosmic threats monstrous to humanity and some ill-substantiated forecasts of impending doom. (But see the section KEY QUATRAINS)
“Nostradamus almanacs draw heavily on monsters in the Latin sense of prodigia, monstra, omina and portenta in accord with the interpretation of such signs very much in vogue especially during the years 1552-1557.”
Dr. Elmar R. Gruber
“The expression ‘Monstradabus’ seems to have inspired ‘La Prognostication des prognostications, not only of this present year 1537, but also the other years to come, even those past’ written by Sarcomoros, a pseudonym attributed to the author of ‘Cymbalum mundi’, both of them published in 1537, Paris, Jehan Morin … the (near-contemporaraneous) expression ‘Prognotications d’abus’ indicates the works of these dishonourers, maltreating fame and inclined to satire.”
Patrice Guinard, Corpus Nostradamus 23
Astrologue almanac-makers tended to suck up to the Papacy and were accused of serving its ends in their choice of predictions. Certainly Michel’s ‘Almanac for the new year 1562’ was dedicated to Pope Pius IV. (Probably a wise move as he had been arrested once for publishing without the necessary permission of the local Bishop.) He was certainly a fan of the part-Burgundian HRE Charles V, leader of the Spanish Catholics. On the other hand, Catholicism was a remote and yet interiorized theology and yet Augustine had once felt that domestic astrology could seriously challenge the Church dogma and its Christian doctrines.
The new Protestantism (especially from exiles in Geneva) may well have been part of the source of this spate of character impositions by upstart satirists – sometimes brilliantly informative, often irredeemably monstrous.
So there we have it, thanks to the erudite researches of CURA the word ‘Monstradamus’ means to me an Early Sixteenth Century body of unreliably offensive works by various persons (yet knowledge of them survives up to now, partly by association with the name Nostradamus) who produced ‘monster abuse’ (MABUS?) and were themselves attacked in 1558, the proud year that de Guise liberated Calais. (This is ‘The fool’s reliance of Monstradabus’ by ‘Hercules Francois’, Lyon, Michel Jove and Claud Ravot – several editions were produced in the same year apparently including the fraudulent version ‘Monster of abuse’ printed by Barbe la veuve Regnault in Paris who would go on to blatantly falsify editions of Nostredame’s Almanacks, according to Jacques Halbronn.)
Almanac compilers were but one target of this emergent literary genre. Giant-killer Rabelais, who lists as he flows in the satires ‘The master of Albert Prenostication Songecreux’, 1527 and ‘Prognostication Pantagrueline’ 1532, certainly played his mockery upon the fashionably printed presagers of his time but also pointed his darts at some personally favoured rounds. Here’s my translation of one,
“If monks and nuns become conjoined,
This will be nothing then:
For as the many have enjoined,
Fat women love fat men”
Michel de Nostredame and Rabelais were both entered to Montpellier and might have shared a jest or two. On a slightly less humerous note, Michel was not above the high-and-low multi-lingua mix of Roman satire and even makes references to its famous practitioner Lucilius in the foreword to his Treatise Fardements.
MORE ON THE MIDDLE AGES
There is no agreed ending to the ‘Middle Ages’ and ‘during Nostredame’s lifetime’ is probably the latest definition allowable. Alternatively we could say the expulsion of the Moors from Spain in 1492 (or even the shock of the Spanish Inquistions after 1478). Or maybe when the (antique Chinese) printing press first reached Europe which gradually transformed households much like radio and TV would do five hundred years later. Or the first publication in 1557 of a sometime papal aide’s 1440 proof that the Donation of Constantine, a pillar of the papacy, was a fraud. Or the fall of Constantinople? The end of the Hundred Year’ War? The end of the War of the Roses? Otherwise at the onset of the Reformation or else it was simply tagged by the dated legend of Columbus or by Machiavelli’s The Prince, a book of diplomatic theory quite dissociated from most Medieval thought processing.
This very extended social period that I recognize by the blanket term ‘Medieval’ was not uniform and considerably jollier at the beginning than at the end. Europe had suffered relative overpopulation with critical poverty and crisis famines. Medical matters were quite primitive although the study embraced new developments in the spirit of scientific philosophy. Then Black Plague impacted, effectively destroying half of some populations, skewing property inheritances wildly and disrupting prior social standings by an all-out hunt (literally, everything out on show) for procreational males at almost any cost.
Nostredame suffered dreadful losses but came out of all this chaos rather well in the end.
Medieval bloodiness extended far beyond Europe. Some Medieval conflicts were world-class events. The Mongol invasions plus the An Shi Rebellion and the Fall of the Ming Dynasty in the Late Middle Ages brought death to well over 100,000,000 people.
The Judeo-Christian Signs of Apocalypse or End Time are religious deception, inner revolutions, wars and rumours of war, famine, pollution, earthquake and epidemic. All these were known to occur almost simultaneously throughout the history of the Medieval world and still continue today.
(Also check-out the website of Fordham University/Halsall or sit back and enjoy the French Medieval movie “Martin Guerre”.)
If you have read this far, I thank you. I shall finish-off very briefly:
MICHEL DE NOSTREDAME (a.k.a. NOSTRADAMUS) A FACT CHECK
Born on December 14th 1503 in Saint Rémy de Provence to French Christian parents Reyniere/Renée (née, de Saint-Rémy) and merchant-notary Jaume/Jacques de Nostredame (whose own Jewish father had been a convert to Christianity)
The eldest among six children
Practiced as a commercial apothecary
Attended the medical universities of Montpellier and Avignon
Mentored for a while by the great scholar-physician Julius Caesar (Jules César) Scaliger
Married an unrecorded bride (related to Scaliger?) but later lost this wife and their two children to an epidemic
Received a pension awarded for prowess/courage as a plague physician
Travelled who knows where or how during 1521-1529, 1532-1533, 1538-1544 and quite possibly 1547-1551.
Married his second wife, the young widow Anne Ponsarde (de Gemelle)
Achieved international fame and custom as an astrologer and then as a prophet
Visited (and was visited by) the King and Queen of France
Honoured by the Queen Mother Catherine de Medicis as Court Physician in Ordinary
Died on July 2nd 1566 at Salon de Provence leaving a Will that favoured his widow and their three children (the best-known being César) with accumulated wealth equal to about half a million USD today
(For the history of his publications that built The Centuries see the Article EDITIONS OF THE CENTURIES)
(For the End of the World, Winter Solstice 2012, see my I Ching predictions post for December 2012 on http://nostradamondo.wordpress.com/ and the Articles 2012 NOSTRADAMUS and ADDENDUM TO QUATRAIN II 51 in the Article UNDERSTANDING NOSTRADAMUS: EXPLORING SOME SUBJECTS)