(Includes analysis of the following quatrains V 54  II 29  IX 64  X 58  IX 38  IX 57  II  45  VIII 95  VI 60  IV 95  II 22  V 6 X 73  VI 24  X 69  III 92  III 20 VIII 50  VI 99  I 33  IX 41  XIV 34  VI 70  II 79  VI 27 VIII 54  IX 62  I 64  III 69  III 78  X 23  III 82  V1 81 I47 V 12  I 99  V 74  I 27  IX 93  V 39  III 64  X 37  VI 42  V 35  IX 89  II 59  III  47  III 10  VI 46  II 73  VIII 44  VIII 31  III 94  I 42  IVX 70  VI 20  VI 5  IV 38  VI 58  VI 78  IV 77  IV 44  VI 56  IV 90  VIII 7  II 72  IX17  III 59  III 77  V 87  X 14  IV 56  IX 44  VI 15  VIII 83 with Extra-Nostradamus entries for SEPTIMANIA and GOG AND MAGOG)

This webpage is Nostradamology attempting to understand the words and intentions of Sixteenth Century Royal Physician and Counsellor Michel de Nostredame of Provence and not Onomastics, the general study of names. As always my aim is to avoid planting an Esplanade of Explanations with fruiting Presumption trees in faux parallel to an Avenue of flowering Assumption bushes.

The Nostradamus Centuries may seem like 942 separate issues neatly tied-up into little boxes (and I have exploited that convenient aspect at times) but there are large and messy themes and questions that emerge, even the overarching issue of God’s will for us as individuals versus His will for us collectively. (Does that exist? Michel Nostredame clearly conveys that it does, in keeping with the strict Church teaching on that subject, though that is not everybody’s understanding.) The Preface to Cesar and the Epistle to the King both approach grand themes but by oddly branched and winding proselike paths.

People in stories always have names yet in Nature nothing flags itself by name. Names change as tales of men and gods pass from region to region. Like milestone faces worn flat they stand as points on a historic route and before becoming totally erased they can still render partial clues.

Enuma and Elish were foreign words to the Israelites and of little meaning in or out of context. Did they spread out over time, mutating into the names Enoch and Elijah? Rome’s Dio Chrysostom was an acquaintance of the Stoic philosopher Musonius Rufus. They inhabited liberal social groups opposed in general to any personal powers of tyrants but had their different ways for achieving this. Were the Chrysostoms and the Musons of back then the Christians and the Masons of today? Yehu was an ancient King. Did his name become revived as Yeshu or Jesus the King? Before quoting Matthew’s lineage to me please bear in mind that there is nothing quite as dubious, generally, as a yard or two of family tree. Statistically-speaking most all English folk who have lived in England for over three generations must be descended from the family blood of William the Conqueror. Now DNA lines are becoming equally important. There is some solid evidence still standing for the King Yehu yet nothing exists for the King David, not even a treasury receipt, and nothing contemporaneous with Jesus has surfaced cleanly, yet, outside of later books and gospels about Him. (I feel sure He did exist.)

By using a system for transposition of letters (the Kabbalist’s of Southern France had one) novel names resembling real names can be thrown up at random from any long text arranged in columns. I suspect that some risible Medieval lists of biddable Angels in their lengthy hierarchies have had unreasonable name choices extracted like surplus feathers from a fantail.

Indeed how could an honest man like Nostredame accurately “imagine”, although he claims this was with God’s inspiration, the names of future persons or places? According to Major Ed Dames, a popular modern-day Remote Viewer who readily trains others in the probing protocols of his skill, such pursuers of farsight “find it difficult or impossible to pull names out of the matrix”. (He sometimes calls this ‘matrix’ the Global or Universal Mind). Did Michel Nostredame somehow read the predicted names from his imagination’s time travels or apprise them allegorically from his foreseeings or did he hear them whispered in his ear, perhaps inexactly, by the “Splendorous divine” seated nearby him? (See the Nostradamus Quatrains I 1 A SLOPING FLAME and I 2  ALL SYSTEMS GO which purport to reveal his closeted craft.)

Bearing in mind that Michel toyed with specifics such as names and their spellings, we may stand little real chance of irrefutable quatrain recognition until after those prophesied events have happened. (Wasn’t that the intention?) In that same spirit, absolutely everything on this website amounts to more or less advanced work-in-progress and more names and nouns may follow on this webpage.

 My personal view is that he was eerily smart, much more than we give him credit for (perhaps inspired by a higher intelligence waiting in the wings) and I feel it likely that the End Time Nostradamus Quatrains were intended by him for only one future person to grasp fully. Quite possibly that’s you.

I suspect that a mathematical code-breaking approach can be ruled out and that truth will dawn on one whose mind has been less fettered by methodologies than most. This may well be the unusual ‘king’ he has foreseen (see the EPISTLE TO THE KING) and yet I feel that any attribution like ‘pre-ordained’ would be misleading here as it would suggest a messianic hierarchy which in turn suggests an organization. (And all organizations make practical but inconstant decisions befitting the survival and growth of that organization in hypocritical detriment to their founding ideals.)


(A + A see Aleph and Aleph)


ADAL UN CATIF may mean captured by Adal OR Adal is captured

(But see the Nostradamus Quatrain ‘X 96 ADALUNCATIF, THE BAAL CYCLE & VIII 16 FESULAN).

My alternative take here comprises Adal (the major Islamic country in the world from 1420 to 1560) plus OF ‘captif’, the prisoner, or OF ‘chaitif’ or else the Gaulish French ‘chétif’. (In fact there is a slew of highly similar words in Western Europe’s older languages and dialects for us to capture including from Asturian, Basque, Catalan, Celtic, Gaulish Italian, Germanic, Ligurian, Normand, Oïl, Old Occitan, Provençal, Romansch, Swabish, Tuscan and Walloon.)

Adal was a strategically positioned Sultanate lying opposite to Yemen on the Gulf of Aden, Mar Roja, with three small vassal states and an extended polity that took in Somalia. (The port of Zeila was a military recruiting post for Adal). To the West lay Christian Abyssinia and to the immediate East was the coastal town of Berbera. The King of Adal was killed on a campaign in 1508.  The civil war to decide the regal position of Highest Amir of Adal (A+A?) was eventually won by Garad Abuun Addus (A+A?) who was later slain by Abu Bakr. A young knight Ahmad al-Ghazi led an emotional revolt against Sultan Abu Bakr, killer of the widely-loved Garad Abuun, and took control of Adal in 1527. Ahmad then led an army to invade Abyssinia (involving the early use of firearms on each side of the conflict). Some of this was recorded in ‘Le Livre des Merveilles’, prepared for John the Fearless. In 1543 Ethiopian and Portuguese troops, Christians, beat the army of Ahmed of Adal (A+A?) who died in battle.


(see the Nostradamus Quatrain V 45  AENODARB)


V 6

 1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Au roy l’Agur sus le chef la main mettre,
Viendra prier pour la paix Italique:
A la main gauche veindra changer le septre,
De Roy viendra Empereur pacifique.

The Agur puts his hand upon the head of the king,
He comes to pray for the peace of all Italy:
Sovereign power will come to be changed at the left hand.
From the King will come a pacific Emperor.

Lines 2, 3 and 4 contain the word ‘viendra’. There is possibly something to be found in that as Nostredame ordinarily tends not to repeat.

The sound ‘agur’ is present in modern Basque (‘Goodbye!’) and Hebrew. It might be from some form of Latin like ‘augur’ (a predictor of fortune) or ‘augurium’ (a forecast) that travelled Basque Galicia with the pilgrims on the Way of St. James, the trail to Santiago de Compostela. I can imagine “God and good auguries go with you!” as a farewell affection, a lighthearted yet meant plea against misfortune on the difficult path.

(See the Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 48 THE MOST ELUSIVE QUATRAIN OF ALL )

The Agur could be the Augur, perhaps the Pope or an ‘ogre’ or else a demi-god renamed for Fate itself. And incidentally it allows the words ‘sceptrum Augusti’ to be hidden independently in the letters of both couplets save for a second letter ‘s’ and letter ‘t’ in the second couplet. (Which probably would not have bothered a Medieval anagrammist.) During the Roman Empire this sceptre and an orb with its winged figure of  VICTORY  were the power symbols of the Emperor, held by the Imperial left and right hand respectively. This confirms Line 3. On the other hand, if  ‘Italique à la main gauche’ is another way of saying to the West of Italy then Gaul is the target.

Taking advantage of the weakness of the Roman Imperial authority in Third Century Gaul, shaken by socio-economic crises and sporadic invasions, General Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus rebelled against Emperor Gallienus in 259-60 and declared hisself Emperor of the Gauls (extending to Germania, Britannia and Hispania) maintaining his capital at Augusta Treviorum (Trier) until Emperor Aurelian took control in 274.

The name ‘Augusta’ is in the first couplet and ‘Treviorum’ the second couplet. ‘Empereur Gallienus/Auretian’ are in the quatrain as a whole as are ‘Marcus’ and ‘Cassianius’ and ‘Latinius’. ‘Postumus’ is available from the first couplet alone and just misses inclusion in the second couplet by one letter. (But see * below)

It all crumbled with the general ‘Aureolus’ (hidden in the letters of Line 1) who commanded the strategic Roman city of ‘Mediolanum’ (available from both couplets) declaring for Postumus who failed to pick up the ball and run with it. Eventually ‘Claudius Seconde’ (to be found in the whole quatrain whilst ‘Claudius ii’ is available from the first and the second couplets independently) became the Roman Emperor. Postumus had dissapointed his own army by not moving against Rome when Aureolus, now dead, had given him his chance. A usurper called ‘Laelianus’ (both this and OF ‘usurpateur/usurpator’ are available independently from each couplet) the governor of Germaniae Superioris (Latin, ‘Germaniae Superioris’ is in the first couplet and OF ‘Germania Supérieur/Superior’ is in the second) was proclaimed Emperor of Mogontiacum (contained within the letters of the first couplet) and whilst Postumus captured and killed Laelianus without resorting to sacking the city he was rewarded for his pains by a disgruntled army that fragged him. Britannia and Hispania were seceded (‘Espagne’ and OF ‘sécession’ are in the quatrain as a whole) and the so-called Gallic Empire passed to Marcus Aurelius Marius. (Somewhat predictably, ‘Marcus Aurelius’ is available from the first couplet and ‘Marius’ from the second.)

As if that wasn’t enough, the book title ‘Primigenia’ is available from the second couplet and the appropriate chapter ‘Legio XII’ from the first couplet. This is a record of the above. The book title ‘Historia Augusta’ is hidden in the first couplet and the chapter name ‘Tyranni Triginta’ is separately squeezed into the same couplet save for one letter ‘t’. This is a further record of the above. These ancient history books pre-date Nostradamus and seem proof of his encyclopaedic knowledge or the large library of Michel de Nostredame.


* We have seen elsewhere that Nostredame has his particular rules for anagrams, as was normal before the advent of the ‘cross-word puzzle setter’, and one of these seems to allow for the duplicate use of a single letter. Here it’s available from the other couplet in any event. (Also see the final section of  the ArticleMalachy’s Popes and Nostradamus)

N.B.1. When the historical record, human geography, custom, tradition, linguistics (and now DNA) are combined we may arrive at what at first sight seems to be an apposite interpretation but it is merely a salute to the strange frequency of coincidences in our lives. Everything about coincidences seems, well, too coincidental for the suspicious mind to accept. It is as if we each seem to be reckoning that a less than natural rate of recognisable coincidences will occur in our particular future, not so much ‘none at all’ but rather a very few and well spaced out.

N.B.2. The discovery by me of OF proper nouns and other OF words jumbled into the alphabet letters of the Nostradamus Quatrains is susceptible to the criticism ‘folly by random occurrence’ or ‘folly by randomness’ which is why I have held back my hand over writing on this aspect in isolation and have posted the rider N.B.1 above (and I readily concede that he might have thought of words as unalterable sound combinations rather than re-ordered alphabetical sequences, which could negate my method altogether, but he was soundly schooled and so I don’t feel that). Of course I am aware that printer’s spellings may be as susceptible to error as their punctuation marks and yet I feel overwhelmed by the recurrence of the experience. It is just that, an experience. I do not look for letters to make into relevant OF words, nothing so scientific,  they just jump out at me. Nevertheless the weight of the ‘evidence of circumstance’ to be found throughout this website, including upon this webpage, is accumulating to an outrageous degree and I feel that I may claim this as my special or unique literary and interpretative contribution to Nostradamus Recherche Originale, over the past years and for the future.  NRO.

I’m going out on a wing by including the next two quatrains with the Nostradamus Quatrain V 6 above because the link is a hidden term, the Roman Emperor’s ‘sceptrum Augusti’ previously the property of the chief Roman god known as Jupiter or Jove.

X 73

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Le temps present auecques le passé
Sera iugé par grand Iouialiste,
Le monde tard luy sera lassé,
Et desloial par le clergé iuriste.

Line 3, OF ‘tard’ is late, too late, hardly or rarely.

Line 4, OF ‘desloial/déloyal’ = contrary to the law, dishonest.

The present time together with the past/the questions of the past
Will be judged by the great Jovialist/optimist/friend of humanity:
The world will hardly be weary of him/too late it will be weary of him,
And dishonesty by the clerical lawyers.

It is difficult to tell whether this is a popular Last Pope who ushers in a fake world religion for fake world government and fake world wealth distribution or whether this could be the Grand Monarch of Nostradamus who reveals flaws in accepted religious directives and dicta. It all depends on a positive or negative interpretation of OF ‘tard’ I suppose.

Incidentally,  the letters of ‘sceptrum Augusti’ are hidden independently in the letters of both couplets save for a second letter ‘u’ in the second couplet. (Which probably would not have bothered a Medieval anagrammist.)

See the entry for GRAND MONARCH

VI 24

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Mars & le sceptre se trouuera conioinct,
Dessoubz Cancer calamiteuse guerre.
Vn peu apres sera nouueau Roy oingt,
Qui par long temps pacifiera la terre.

Mars and Jupiter will be found conjoined
Under Cancer calamitious war:
Shortly after a king will be newly anointed
Who for a long time will pacify the earth.

 Mars and Jupiter conjoined in Cancer (e.g. July–August, 2013). Jupiter is a friend to humanity. Mars is often bloody but sometimes can give an idea a hard boost to push through that previously defeating task. Jove supplies the right direction, Mars gives the shove.

(I am not an astrologer but during this year it seems that somebody we know, especially if they are a Cancerian native (otherwise, a person during the Cancer time period) will respond like an empowered Good Samaritan or something even greater although the main push of the year is still coming from the current series of bi-annual 90 degree angles between Pluto and Uranus. The stars indicate that the ground will shift and a mighty one will fall. Also see the last paragraph of the post

The staff-like sceptre of Jupiter became, together with the Jovial orb adorned by Nike, the sceptre of the Roman Emperors who were eager to assume godlike powers in the minds of the people of Rome. The letters of ‘sceptrum Augusti’ are independently available from both the first and the second couplets.


V 54

1557 Utrech Du Rosne

Du pont Euxine, & la grand Tartarie,
Vn roy sera qui viendra voir la Gaule:
Transpercera Alane & l’Armenie,
Et dans Bisance lairra sanglante Gaule.

Translation 1:
Of the Euxine bridge, and the great Tartary,
A king will be who will come to see the Gaul:
Piercing through the Alane & the Armenie pushing them side to side,
And in Byzantium plants his bloody lance.

Plural meanings for OF ‘la Gaule’ will include the Gaullish land, the Gaullish king, a wand used for trellising or thatching, a lance or boom and those who wander to and fro.

It seems that Gog, or whoever personifies this horde or host, will push violently through the Alans and Armenians of the Caucasus, Armenia, Azerbaijan and brutally leave his mark on Istanbul, perhaps to establish a Western capital there.

Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Russian federated states may have been singled out already for future troubles. (And, theoretically, Russia could start trouble in Turkey to influence al-Qaeda members to divert both from Syria and the ‘Oilpipelinegastan’ region.)

Line 1. Generally, a euxine sea (as opposed to an axine sea) is a hospitable sea and ‘Euxine’ is the French proper name for the Black Sea and Baltic whilst the ‘mélitée pont-euxine’  is a butterfly occuring from the Ardennes across to Russia. Great Tartary was the ancient name for a huge expanse from the Caspian Sea across the Urals down to the Japan Sea/Pacific Ocean. ‘Asian Tartary’ is now Turkistan.

Line 3. Armenia lies by the Black Sea. The Alans were a tribe of the Northern Caucusus at the time of the Vandals and whose language survives as Ossetian. They were known to historian Josephus and to the Greeks and the Chinese (who called the Alan land between the Black Sea and Caspian the kingdom of Liu). In the first three centuries AD they gathered together a powerful tribal group (Gaul and the Caucusus having been inhabited by tribes right back to earliest history) whose incursions threatened the Roman Empire. The Alans were a strong tribe destined to explore much of Europe about the Alanic migration route which included Hungary, France, Spain and Britain and settled at many places but in small numbers. A kingdom in Northern France was shortlived. Their DNA will be in the mix of many modern Europeans.

Line 4. ‘Bisance’ is Byzantium (the Byzantines, Ottomans, Turks) founded by Greek colonizers in 667BC.

Before the Sixteenth Century all these territories were to be found on the North-Central mainland of the greatest continuous landmass upon the face of the Earth. (This is the playing-board of the Great Game, so-called, which is not yet finished. Arguably Britain, Scandinavia, Iberia, Southern Italy, India etc. have been considered as beyond this strategic landmass.)

Translation 2:
From beyond the Black Sea and great Tartary,
There will be a king who will come to view Western Europe,
He will get through Alania and Armenia,
And in Byzantium this bird of prey will make his nest, bloodying the body of Western Europe.

Later he will spread more deeply into Europe. An invasion of Italy, France and around is foretold:

II 29 

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

L’oriental sortira de son siege,
Passer les monts Apennins, voir la Gaule:
Transpercera du ciel les eaux & neige:
Et un chascun frapera de sa gaule.

The Oriental will leave his seat,
To pass the Apennine mountains, to turn his attention upon Gaul:
He will penetrate through the sky, the waters and snow,
And his rod shall strike every person.

(See the Nostradamus Quatrains X 75 & II 29 OUT OF THE EAST)

For good or bad? According to an almost over-impressive FBI whistleblower and truth campaigner, the spreading stain of gladiatorial European activities into cloak-and-dagger thuggery within Central Asia and around is a complex story of no good, flagging-up carnage as its stock-in-trade with the intent to exploit pre-existing divisions and distrust. It appears to be controlled, she says, with Turkey quite vulnerable in this control-sytem, and it can influence international politics substantially. The current horrors of the Middle East, much of it on import but disguised as home-grown stuff, may yet expand and unfold inside Chechneya and the ‘–stans’. The Cold War is re-heating strongly.


A great variety of alternative candidates for this semitic glottalstop vowel duo include:


The singular Aleph was praised for allowing its alphabetical junior, Bet, to open the Hebrew Bible whilst the Hebrew Book of Creation authored by Abraham uses Aleph to be King over Breath and Air formed in the Universe.

Almost all Jewish mystical works claim ancient authorship pseudepigraphically and, according to the literature, esoteric insights such as Astrology were given to human beings by the angels Aza and Azaz’el. (A and A)

(Also see
the Nostradamus Quatrain VI 18 THE HEBREW ART)

3 & 3  (Arabic)  As both a glottalstop and a stretched vowel, A & A is known as the ‘alif madda’. The sound was sometimes taken to be a bird’s song and the proper noun to be a hieroglyphic bird or else an ox.

K & K (Phoenician)

Alpha & Alpha (Greek)

There are almost endless candidates to be found amongst the organizations known popularly as A.A. or A-A or A & A whilst al-A is a very frequent beginning to Arabic family names. The government of SEPTIMANIA and the Upper Mark was given to one Aumar ben Aumar  (A ben A) circa 747. The European Middle Ages were influenced by Arab academics generally and in particular Averroës and Al-Quarashi (Eleventh Century). Much fresh knowledge had travelled slowly from China to the Middle East and moved gradually from there into Europe. These scholars deserve credit for investing the Medieval platforms of Western Science as much as for circulating classical Greek treatises.

ADALUNCATIF and ALEPH & ALEPH are both explored in the Nostradamus Quatrain


Also see the entry for HAEMATHION and the entry for OGMIOS

IX 64

L’Aemathion passer montz Pyrennees,
En Mars Narbon ne sera resistance,
Par mer & terre sera si grand menee,
Cap. n’ayant terre seure pour demeurance.

The Aemathion passes the Pyrénées,
Narbo Martius will not offer resistance
By sea and land will be so great a blast,
The cape having no spot too rooted or restful.

Line 3, OF ‘menée’ can be a sustained note from a wind instrument.

Line 4, OF ‘demeurance’ means under obligation to remain unchanged, to be held down.

X 58

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Au temps du dueil que le felin/selin monarque,
Guerroyera le ieune Aemathien:
Gaule bransler perecliter la barque,
Tenter Phossens au Ponant entretien.

Line 1, OF ‘dueil’ = mourning (likewise OF ‘deuil’ = beravement pangs or possibly the appropriate mourning marks to be worn). OF ‘felin’ could be ‘ferlin’ a small coin. Otherwise this is difficult to trace. As OF ‘Felip’ (Philippe-Auguste, roi de France, d.1223) this could also be a coin. Switching from ‘f’ to ‘s’ (the print mark is the same) could this be ‘selin’? The ‘Chyren selin’ was Philipe II of Spain and England with his wife Queen Mary of England. (See the entry CHYREN selin) The English adjective ‘feline’ that is so often used by Nostradamus researchers comes from Late Latin ‘felinus’ and probably appeared in the middle-to-late Seventeenth Century.

Line 2, OF ‘guerroyer‘ means warring or to make war on someone. It can also mean a warrior or fighter. ‘Aemathien le roi jeune à guerre’ might have made a better line; Aemathien the young king at war.

Line 4, OF ‘Ponant’ was old naval language for the compass point West. OF ‘entretien’ usually means entreated to live a certain way or else entreated to act.

At the time of mourning the monarch ‘selin’,
Aemathien the young king at war:
Gaul shaking and the ship of state to wreck,
The Phoenicians of the West (folks of Marseilles) entreated to be tenacious.

The proper noun Phossens does not feel much like Nostradamus. Probably he or Rigaud meant the Phoenicians of Marseilles. Or possibly this is ‘Phronesis’, Prudence, which gives birth to ‘Sophia’, Wisdom, one of the gnostic interludes promoted by Basilides in the Second Century.

IX  38

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

L’entree de Blaye par Rochelle & l’Anglois,
Passera outre le grand Aemathien,
Non loing d’Agen attendra le Gaulois,
Secours Narbonne deceu par entretien.

This quatrain also mentions Aemathien in Line 2 and ends on the word ‘entretien’ like the Nosradamus Quatrain X 58 above. Has the one been modelled on the other?

The entry at Blaye for La Rochelle and the Englishman,
Will override the great Aemathien,
Not far from Agen will wait the Gaul,
The aid of Narbonne beguiled by entreatment.

Also see the Nostradamus Quatrain VI 60 under the entry ARMORIQ ARMONIQUE


See the Nostradamus Quatrains ‘IX 6  THE ENGLISH IN GUIENNE & V 59 AENOBARBE


The ascending node is the point of intersection between the ecliptic and the plane of the lunar orbit where the Moon is ascending from the South to the North. It is sometimes called the North node (although it may in fact lie South of the South node during the course of the nodal cycle).

In my long translation on this website of the PREFACE TO CESAR I write about both the above. They may yet turn out to be linked. (Nostradamus research is nothing if not work-in-progress.)

Regarding the as yet untranslated ‘anaragonic’ revolution’ I have added this comment to the text;

Ana-gogy is up:kata-strophe is down. (The lunar North Node or Caput Draconis was sometimes called the Anabibazon: the South Node or Cauda Draconis was also called the Katabibazon or in Hindu the Ketu).

Ana-dragonique? Nostredame used repeatedly the Dragon’s Head of Draco Constellation  as a reference for his astral plottings. 


IX 57

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

(The facsimile edition in use by me here is of an entry that was torn in two. Until the missing words resurface I will refrain from an interpretation of the whole, merely translating the words available as best I can.)

… D R v x vn Roy reposera,
… loy changeant d’Anatheme,
… le ciel si tresfort tonnera,
… neufue Roy tuera foymesme/soymesme.

Broken Translation:
… D R v x a king will be based,
… a law changing from ‘Anatheme’,
… the sky so very loudly thunders,
… new entrant King will terminate faith even. (OR … new entrant King will eliminate one’s self.)

Line 1. Under the Medieval Roman Numerals Shorthand System ‘DR’ = 500 + 80 = 580. This quatrain is otherwise worded as a forward prediction.

In 1580 England struck a commercial pact with the Ottoman Empire and Phillip II of Spain achieved the throne of Portugal. A strong earthquake, audible in Flanders, severely rattled parts of England and the North of France. Church windows burst, masonry fell and there was some loss of life.

The Jewish Year 5800 starts on 19th September 2039 by the Gregorian Calendar. Whether the ‘v’ and ‘x’ make for Month Five Day Ten or Month Ten Day Five or whether this represents 5815 or 5851, or whatever, we just can’t tell.

Line 2, OF ‘Anatheme’= Anathema. Here it appears to be a title. Nostredame’s Anatheme could represent incumbent Christianity.

Whereas this noun became twisted by some to mean ‘an offering to the devil’, the Catholic Encyclopedia has it in its true meaning as lofty offerings to God, a thing set aside and placed on high where it represents a kind of ‘anathema to oblivion’. The distinctly similar even odder word ‘Maranatha’ appears once in the NT and is a Koine Greek hash probably meaning ‘come Lord’ or ‘Our Lord’ although as two separate words, ‘Maran-atha’, it would equate to the modern English meaning for ‘anathema’. It’s also been said that Anathema could be another name for the Antichrist.

Line 3. Here it comes again, the old-fashioned typeface ‘f’ and ‘s’ that are indifferent on the printed page. OF ‘foymesme/soymeme’ = ‘foy même/soi-même’ = faith even/one’s self.

As a noun ‘anatheme’ represents both a victim to socio-religious selectivity and a time of testing the Faith, recanting heresy, with ‘tuera’ (killing) figuratively seeming quite similar as a malediction, a curse or the excommunication of a person. As a special title, though, the challenging of Anatheme in Line 2 suggests more the rejection of a religious paradigm of the age.


For “ANGOLMOIS = Angoulême and Angoumois” see the Nostradamus Quatrains


‘Androgyne’ (androgynous) in OF describes a thing that is composite.

(In modern Fr. it means a hermaphrodite, a being. Human hermaphrodites are so extremely rare that the notion is met mostly in the fields of art, style and mythology. Whereas from a material approach ‘androgyny’ suggests the blending of male and female into one being, from a spiritual point of view it could represent its opposite: hormone fuelled maleness and femaleness both cancelled out by the purposeful absenting of sexual impacts on one’s self – a total absence of gender awareness, intense and extense – allowing us to progress closer to zero mind enlightenment, the self emptied, the Higher Self manifest. Words are proving insufficient here.)

II  45

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Trop le ciel pleure l’Androgyn procrée,
Pres de ciel sang humain respandu,
Par mort trop tarde grand peuple recrée
Tard & tost vient le secours attendu.

The sky much laments the producing of the Androgyne,
Near the heavens human blood shed,
By death too slow a great people reborn,
The awaited relief comes sooner or later.

ANDROGYNE read as the Androgynous Peripheral Attach (or Assembly) System or APAS is a mechanism for engineering compatability on the International Space Station or ISS. It provides key docking diversity for engineering opposites such as the US and China’s spacecraft mechanisms so they may attach themselves in their own ways. APAS was designed in Moscow and performs active and passive roles making it the enabler of a ‘virtual landing platform’ for multi-national use. All the Shuttle missions were ISS-related (excepting the 2008 Hubble Telescope servicing sortie) and it seems there was always a reason to keep them up for longer than first announced by NASA.

The ISS Agreement is one of international co-operation in a permanently manned craft of ‘freefalling low orbit’. Theoretically it is a joined-up international signature that operates under incompatible aegises mutated mysteriously into a non-nationalistic and unenforcable legal property. From this high-point of consensus humanity it narrows down into particular politics; ‘they’ can watch us all, which is nothing new, and conduct odd science experiments and launch things either out into deeper space or back into the lower atmosphere. This includes Canada, Japan and members of the European Space Agency. Benefits might even be attributed to other countries as a political act of friendship, this being how deceptive international politicians choose to co-exist temporarily.

“There are no permanent allies of the United States only permanent interests.”
Henry Kissinger

The ‘legal superiority’ or national pecking order differs from module-to-module (its low-ish electrical power from solar panels being distributed around by decreasing degrees of voltage and allocations of power-time) but accrues mainly to the USA including the right to Space-Earth communication. The ISS Management Cost has taken up a large percentage of the Russian space budget. As in the case of the UN there is a danger that participants could leave America to shoulder a far greater share of the financial burden which ultimately gives the US the option to abuse.

Matters such as fluids physics have been researched as much as cosmology. Regrettably, biomedicine and biotechnology have also become spaceborne and are politically powered to boot. In 2005 The USA designated their part of ISS as a National Laboratory with an opening for their richest sectors, including medicines and weaponizations, to penetrate. How being out of the atmosphere and slightly nearer the planets will help cure anybody on the ground (medical astrology remains Earth-bound, by the way) is not clear. It has been suggested that the scientific benefits do not, in fact, support the positioning of it up in Space where it requires inordinately expensive maintenance (it is leaking 5lbs of ammonia a day as I write) and could slip out of orbit as has happened to other sattelites.

Biotechnology seems a bizarre or disturbing use of a spacelab. The Challenger disaster, somewhat shrouded-over by NASA who felt the need for some reason to defy the subsequent Department of Defense attempt to get involved in the investigations, proved at least that some meek micro-worms can survive both space travel and extreme re-entry disaster and return down to Earth fully functional. So that’s alright

World history suggests that empire-building may start with peaceful mutuality but then becomes gross, bloody and dehumanized. We no longer witness the personally brave, if insane, national leaders of yore who led from the front so I fear that this disrespect of humanity may intensify in direct proportion to the distance between the one who makes an order and its execution.


The Medieval Antichrist was a man in the future supposedly with attributes of the Jewish Christ-Messiah who comes to behave despicably bringing death and suffering to the Judaens and by extension to the Gentile Christians, particularly the Church and peoples of the old Western Empire. In this latter respect he is a predecessor to the returning Christ of Christianity.

From my notes to the EPISTLE TO THE KING

The term Antichrist comes from the Greek Christos* – anointed – plus a Greek prefix (which in itself requires careful use of Greek grammar) and is clearest as to what it does not mean. Surely not ‘unanointed’. Probably not ‘against’. Often taken as ‘in denial of’ it could well mean ‘equivalent to’. It seems the jury is still out over the plural meanings of  ‘Antichrist’.

Nostredame seems to see three antichrists appear in history. This theme is explored by the Article LA CANNON’S NOSTRADAMUS AND OTHER WORLD’S END GAME PLAYERS  especially ‘A Preamble on the Problem of the Antichrist’.

VIII 95  

Le seducteur sera mis en la fosse,
Et estaché jusques à quelque temps,
Le clerc vny le chef auec sa crosse
Picante droite attraira les contens.

The deceiver (the Devil) will be placed in the pit,
And tied up there for some time,
The cleric who is as one with the leader will beckon
The compadres with the right tip of his pastoral staff.

It’s possible that this pastoral staff (which may look like a mitre or else some kind of fork or cross or multi-headed stick) is no ordinary crozier as this is no usual cleric. This one is, outwardly at least, like a self-coloured solid, whole and gathered without disparity or inconsistency. The followers might form the components of his or her contention for the fertile ground forcibly surrendered by the Devil, now safely away for a while at least. Is this a Messiah, an Antichrist or a clerical opponent for either or both?

The Bible mentions a powerful personality, as prophesied by Daniel in 8:25, who raises similar questions:

“And by his understanding he hath also caused deceit to prosper in his hand, and in his heart he exerteth himself, and by ease he destroyeth many; and against the prince of princes he standeth – and without hand he is broken.” (Youngs Literal Translation Bible)

However, to my mind the Book of Daniel is not reliable. Perhaps this quatrain’s cleric is gathering jailors for El Diablo by waving his demonic trident as a trophy? The UNESCO MAB or Man & Biosphere Programme (Mabus?) has a logo topped by a mitre rising ominously out of the script as if it were a New Church Brotherhood. The newest understanding of the cosmos that we know absolutely nothing about 95% of everything and a realization that quantum level activities are indisputably surnaturel (is this the withering of the Age of Reason?) has knocked spots off Science which is busy reinventing itself as Earth Religion and reaching out towards green social credentials and materialistic prelates for its oxygen supply.

The word Antichrist is somewhat close to ‘Antiochus’. On examining Antiochus IV Epiphanes we find that this Persian king ruled over Jerusalem and twice invaded all Egypt up to Alexandria (the Roman envoy freaked him back out of there by drawing a circle in the dust around him, possibly freezing him ‘para-psychologically’ inside it). He followed his father enthusiastically in politicizing the notion of global Hellenization with Zeus as chief of the gods and himself as Zeus, i.e. he was God in Earthly form. He printed coins that bore his name, his portrait and the titles ‘image of god’ and ‘god manifest’.

Certainly, Epiphanes (meaning God as Man) eventually undertook terrible attacks on Jews who refused to Hellenize and so this ‘son of a god’ now made a god must have seemed the exact opposite of their longed-for national messiah. The Venerable Bede writing a century later than Nostredame about the ignoble death suffered at age 51 by supreme Antiochus IV Epiphanes opines that he “thought he might command the waves”. Remembering always that the words ‘christ’ and so ‘anti-christ’ do not belong exclusively to Christianity, here is an antichrist candidate writ large.


VI 60

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Le prince hors de son terroir Celtique,
Sera trahy deceu par interprete:
Rouan, Rochelle par ceulx de l’Armoriq,
Au port de Blaue deceuz par moine &

The Prince outside his Celtic land,
To be betrayed tricked OR disappointed by the messenger in a foreign place:
Rouana, La Rochelle by those of Armorique,
Port Blaye deceived by monk & pastor.

Line 4, OF ‘pst’, like ‘Armoriq’ in Line 3,  is marked by the printer as an abbreviation, possibly for old Occitan ‘prestre’ or ‘pastor’. ‘Port Blaue’ is ‘Blaye-et-Sainte-Luce’ (the letters of which are available jumbled up in the quatrain as a whole) now known as the Blaye citadel and docks on the Gironde Estuary to the North of Bourdeaux (the letters of which are also available jumbled up in the quatrain).

The legendary ‘Roland’ is supposedly buried there. (Frankish name ‘Hruodland’ the letters for which may be found independently in both the first and second couplets as are all the names in ‘marks’ for the rest of this entry.) We are in the territory of the ‘Santones’ tribe of ancient ‘Celtica’ which also housed ‘Aremorio’ to be known under the ‘Romains’ as ‘Armorica’.

I learnt long ago that an interpreter/translator/messenger is a most critical choice when dealing with agreements in a foreign language. The wrong personality will enter irresponsibly and enthusiastically into negotiations without referring to the principle for a lead as to what or what not to say. A poor interpreter will not report accurately or fully. The balance between personality and acquired skill is a fine and crucial one. However, the literary plot of ‘Le Chanson de Roland’ is far more devious. Set in Spain, outside his Celtic land, Roland’s stepfather is chosen to take a message from ‘Charles roi’ and while riding with the ‘Saracens’ he tells them where to hide out and how to ambush Roland’s mounted escort now returning to Celtica. Roland dies.

That’s the content of the first couplet. The second seems a little divorced from it or else reveals something only available from the lost oral versions (or only available from Nostradame’s visions).

There’s a Rouana/Roanne in the Loire Department today and La Rochelle is also in what was old Celtica.

See the Nostradamus Quatrain  IX 38 under the entry AEMATHION AEMATHIEN ÆMATHIAN for more on Blaye.

 IV 95

 1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Le regne à deux laissé bien peu tiendrent,
Trois ans sept mois passés seront la guerre:
Les deux vestales contre rebelleront,
Victor puis nay en Armonique terre.

The realm both left well alone and a little handled,
The war was ongoing three years and seven months before:
They both rebel against Vestal/the Vestals,
Victor then born on Armonique soil.

The numerals 3 and 7 tie up numerically with an odd recurrence mentioned in the PREFACE TO CESAR and my notes to it:

and that at present as I write this that before 177 years, 3 months 11 days by pestilence, a lengthy famine and wars,

Perhaps these numbers have a meaning that is quite separate from the sentence?

If we check against the EPISTLE TO THE KING we find an equally obscure reference to “73 years 7 months” which has two of the same odd numerals.

the new Babylon, miserable daughter made bigger by the atrocities of the first fiery sacrifice, and holding on never more than 73 years, 7 months

Line 1. Whereas full interference by government limits opportunities on the ground, no interference leaves paper markets unregulated leading to massive abuses of wealth and influence. From the late 1940’s to the late 1970’s in Europe, and up to 2008 in the USA, there was a growing standard of living because of circumstances as described in Line 1 but a concomitantly declining quality of life. It had seemed at the time like a price worth paying. The culmination came in Japan which during the 1990’s contained one of the wealthiest populations on Earth before extravagantly hitting the economic wall and emerging out the other side as a ghost of its former self.

Line 2. The final battles/surrenders of WWII took place in late April and early May 1945. If this were the war in question we would be placed at New Year 1949.

Line 3. ‘Vestal’ presumably means chasteness (which ideal even extended into marriage under Confucianism) as in the Greek Vestal Virgins. For a handful of years after WWI and increasingly after WWII, the old ideals of chaste living were tossed aside in favour of indulgence. Which is where the West is today.

Line 4. Armonique or Armoriq is in the North West of France. It bears a passing resemblance to the word America but which part of that continent this might be we cannot tell.


II 22

1555 Bonhomme

 Le camp Asop d’Eurotte partira,
S’adioignant proche de lisle submergée:
D’Arton classe phalange pliera,
Nombril du monde plus grand voix subrogée.

Translation 1:
The camp of Asop Eurotte divides,
Subjoined close to the undersea island:
Conforming closely to the sunken island:
Following the same fate as another land that has sunk:
The fleet formation of D’Arton/NORAD/NATO will flex OR abandon its space,
The greatest voice, navel of the world, is replaced by another.

As an English-speaker the enigmatic phrase ‘Le camp Asop d’Eurotte’ seems at very first sight to read like ‘the open-spaced Asia of Europe’. I suppose it might mean the early settlements of America North or South but it quite possibly means the USA, by anagram or by insinuation. The apparent link between the open-air ‘camp’ and the objectified ‘Asop’ might be found in forms of the verb ‘se achopper’ which derives from the Eleventh Century Judéo-Français ‘açoper’ and means to strike one’s foot against a stumbling-block along the way.

Michel Nostredame, like the Bible scribes, never spells out the States of America, the USA. In fact the future has always been predicted as if the US didn’t exist except by metaphorical allusions to Babylon. To the everyday European of the Sixteenth Century the Middle East and North Africa were real if remote but the Americas were a kind of fable strangely coming true, rather like settling on the moon, previously said to be made of green cheese.

Since the Nineteenth Century, the United States has been a legal corporation presiding over more than one prior nation-state. It was as if Federal power was imposed contractually upon co-operating sovereign states and Washington DC operated much like an embassy claiming a patch of foreign soil to be uniquely its own. There is even an argument that the US is under British Admiralty Law whereas most of the nationals feel close to their local state or to Eire, Germany, Poland, Italy, France, Canada, Mexico, Asia, Africa or Israel (the Last Frontier). When the famous Stars & Stripes represents officialdom it is often publicly displayed bordered with gold tassels, i.e. unlike the unbordered original and true flag. This tends to reinforce a  suspicion of two legal entities being addressed as one country, a separation of the Nation and the State.

The so-called ‘Federal Bank’ which authors the ubiquitous US dollar was founded essentially in private hands, both American and European, and remains so. Presidents opposing such exterior indebtedness of their people via the central banks have been assassinated, incidentally. The not-very-visible CIA is supposedly outside of the law for security reasons and appears at least partially self-funded. It maintains its own armed forces (a special force of trained personnel, including mercenaries, sometimes known as ‘cowboys’ by their equals in the regular forces) and even operates large robotic aerial weaponry that can rival those bought by the Navy or made by the Army Air Force. In practice it can subrogate all other US enforcers at will despite its special remit being entirely non-domestic. NORAD is for the members of the North American system for defence of airspace and it is extremely strict in operation, shooting down even civilian planes of local registration that do not respond to their orders to land.

Line 1, OF ‘partira’ = will divide or will take sides/shares.

Line 2, OF ‘adioignant’ looks like a version of OF ‘adjoindre’ meaning complementary to or adjoined, conjoined or subjoined with a thing.

Line 3. D’Arton = NORAD? Arton = NATO?

NORAD especially maintains, 24/7, a fleet of swift and vicious interceptor aircraft/missiles. In this quatrain it has flexed from its rights and duties. OF ‘pliera’ means bending but can also mean to take upon oneself a supple sheath so as to conform with ease to exigences or else to abandon one’s ground.

Line 4. The accent over ‘nobril’ renders this ‘nombril’, literally navel. As the ‘navel of the world’ this growing baby of a land is central to and in receipt of nutrients from all others.

Nombril can be found in “entr’ouvertes jusqu’au nombril” (Montaigne’s ‘Essais’,1580) relating to badge-holders of great authority. An even greater voice than their own takes over their powers:

Translation 2:
The USA splits in twain
USA, a stumbling block to Europe, is split in twain,
Conforming closely to the legend of Atlantis:
NATO/NORAD to cede its space,
A greater voice drowns-out the office-holder OR the office held.

 Nostredame records a future history with a gigantic twist; either that the US is essentially a Europeanized power group that at this point separates the government class decisively from the people that it rules over or that the USA is to be removed as a barrier to European ambitions. It may sink much like Atlantis did, figuratively. The rigid authoritarianism of NATO or NORAD becomes supple, gives way. The bearers of signs of great office are substituted by a greater voice even than theirs which then effects a take-over. A catastrophic coup, all-round, for the divided-off States with ‘Eurotte’ or ‘European-ness’ playing some part here be it tangible or intangible.

There is a more lighthearted alternative interpretation;
Asop d’Eurotte = Aesop the Lyre Strummer

To be plucking the 4-string triangular chorder used as instrumental accompaniment by Medieval minstrels was described by the verb ‘roter’ of which rotte may a misspelling of the tense ‘rote’ or a little used version of the noun ‘rotta’. (Twelfth Century German, ‘hrôta’.) In addition to that jig we would have to add ‘eu’ to make ‘Eurotte’. (Jouer de la rotta = Eurotte?) D’Arton is of course an old family name. Perhaps some minstrel long ago had a greater vocal projection than his chum Aesop? Or a louder lyre? Either way, they are both below surface now.


Attila the Hun (or Attalus) and Xerxes Presumably these are being united because of their fearfulness and the powers of their invasive armies. As ‘Atila & Zerses’ they form a two-piece A-to-Z.

Attila (d.453) lorded over the Hunnish Empire, delineated by the waters of the Danube, the Rhine, the Baltic and the Ural.  Feared by both the Western and Eastern Roman Empires.

(Alternatively, Julius Caesar seems to have laid claim to the divine dignity of Attalus as well as the kingdom that Attalus regarded. JC had previously been elected Pontifex Maximus and in the exercise of his high pontifical office he had appeared in all the pomp of the Babylonian custom in robes of scarlet with the crosier of Nimrod in his hand, wearing the mitre of Dagon and bearing the keys of Janus and Cybele.)

Xerxes I (d. 465 BC), was King of Persia from 486BC.

From the Epistle to the King:

“Then the great Empire of the Antichrist will begin in the Atila & Zerses will descend in a number great and uncountable, such that the coming of the Holy spirit will proceed from the  degree 48”

Western realms will have been weakened by Easterners. It will seem like God the Creator has loosed Satan from the pits of hell to give birth to the great Dog and Dogam, who will make such an abominable breach in the Church that neither the reds nor the whites (those papalistic vs those patriotic) without eyes or hands will know what to make of it, and their powers taken from them. The whites and reds appear as if biological computers occupying two compartments of one religious machine or a single social department shared by duple mechanisms of government.

Avoiding the usual Christian fantasy that their religious tenets have survived this long unchanged, we will find that the ‘jailor-devil’ of the ‘prison of Hell’ was an active idea around the time of the earliest Jesus Worship. One Gospel employed by one small congregation named many revered figures locked in Hell, a kind of non-discriminatory transit camp for the dead, and a fierce quarrel between the devil of Hell and the devil of Earth over one Jesus of Nazareth. He caused such confusion in Hell, apparently inadvertently, that the jailor-devil wants to know what the surface-devil thought he was doing by sending Jesus down there in the first place! They send Jesus back. It’s a sweetly humorous conjecture over the three missing days and nights but a century further on, when intellectual pomp and pecking order were newly combined with Jesus Worship, it didn’t make it into the Bible.

There are so many far-fetched End Time theories nowadays. Nevertheless, that time feels to be approaching. Everything that people can do they will do, it seems. And we have the right (or should that be the wrong) technologies for it. Is it possible that a brilliant and humane Michel de Nostradame intended absolutely all of his writings to be for the benefit of those losers-before-the-last, that hunted quarry of a fantastical-seeming Futuristic Inqusition? Or could it be that the evil spirit possessing the Spanish Inquisition is always with us, dressed-up as pre-emptive fervour and ever claiming to save us from some fate worse than death?

Nostradamus researchers frequently assume that the understanding of Nostradamus comes from a belief in a pre-fixed future and past history dominated by movements of major participants just like a boardgame.

The I Ching or Chinese Book of Changes, in complete contrast, holds its predictions to be true NOW though not necessarily THEN because they essentially reflect the present state of wayward human hearts, so fickle that a determinable future may be bent or broken by one deviant flutter. It’s predictions are likely to happen and yet may or may not ever actualize and are merely a way to help steer your ship through to where you want to go like a weather forecast based on a sea chart. We cannot say for sure about the mysterious knowingness over connections and movements that becomes evidenced by proper consultation of this Chinese tome of aged verses. They are not attached to geometric calculations about semi-fixed orbits of estimable masses.

Shakespeare’s antique poesy is predictive in the general case and one of his main thrusts is ‘let your main love be the pole star that you navigate by and you will not be blown to despair upon the uncountable waves of the ocean’.


X 69

Le fait luysant de neuf vieux esleué
Seront si grand par midi aquilon,
De sa seur propre grande alles leué.
Fuyant murdry au buysson d’ambellon.

The brilliant new old stager gains height,
Will be so big from the South of France to the North:
He is raised to be upright and great by his own surety
Fleeing, dying in the bushes of Ambel.
Fleeing, murdered in the bushes by one of Ambel.

Line 1, OF ‘luysant’. The OF expression ‘oeil luisant’ or ‘shiny look’ describes a silvery species of the bush Lycium. It is boxthorn and despite its thorny defences is well-known to herbal medicine practitioners. The Bible mentions it as ‘strewn in the paths of the wicked’. It’s strongly invasive and wide-spreading, needing no cultivation techniques to grow big and strong. There is a Moslem hadith that refers to lycium as a ‘tree of the Jews’.  In this quatrain it is growing so strongly it covers France, suggesting some kind of human desolation.

Line 4, OF ‘murtry/meutrir’ means murder, kill, bruise, smother or, figuratively, to suffer pain because of somebody or some aspect of the people. It all sounds like bad news for refugees. Ambel is in Isère. The connection is not clear. As well as Lycium Afrum, Linneaus listed Lycium Barbarum and Lycium Europaeum. Perhaps ‘ambel’ has been extracted from within these names.

(Also see Nostradamus Quatrain III 92 under the entry AUTOUR)


As well as meaning ‘around, about’ this also means a ‘goshawk’.  The bird would circle from the hawker’s wrist up into the air where it snatches its target prey and returns at rest to the hawker’s gloved hand. In Nostradamus this references a bringer of destruction in some apocalyptic sense, rather like an orbiting planet or a comet or an asteroid in its greater cycle.

III 92

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Le monde proche du dernier periode,
Saturne encor tard sera de retour:
Translat empire deuers nation Brodde:
L’oeil arraché à Narbon par Autour.

The world near the last period,
Saturn returns late:
Transfer the empire towards the Brodde people,
The eye uprooted at Narbonne by a Goshawk.

The tenor of the first couplet is one of major significance in astrological terms, though perhaps too vague for a time-marker. The second couplet seems divorced from this. It also seems coded in some way.

Line 3, OF ‘nation’ may be read as ‘naissance’, birth, or generation, lineage, race, social class, social group, community, country, region or place of origin. OF ‘Brodde’ has a capital letter suggesting a proper noun (as does Autour in Line 4). Otherwise it means a bread made from rye/wheat.

The OF verb ‘translat’ can mean transfer, move or send from/to as well as to translate. It could be a stand-alone imperative, an instruction from Michel to reassess the rest of the line: ‘empire deuers’ can be loosely rearranged as the subliminal anagram ‘empierrées’ which has as one meaning ‘hurt with moral outrage’. (Picking up on the ‘pire’ in ‘empire’ was once a popular way of voicing social criticism.) The phrase ‘nation Brodde’ can be regrouped as a subliminal anagram to OF ‘abonderont’ which in one sense has the meaning ‘the source of abundance’.

Line 4, OF ‘oeil’ can mean the eye or vision or the Sun or a ‘shiny look’, ‘oeil luisant’, probably meaning the bush Lycium.  (See the first and last lines of Nostradamus Quatrain X 69 under the entry AMBELLON)

OF ‘arraché’ properly means uprooting a plant or removing by force that which adheres strongly.


From the Epistle to the King

… who will be drawn from (or hails from) the North-Westerly regions by the divine will that works through an unwavering belief within shall bind Satan. And universal peace will be between all Mankind, and the Church of Jesus Christ will be delivered from all tribulation, much how the Azos-people would wish to mix gall inside honey as their pestilence charm:

A surprising event! The North-Westerner has simply willed Satan out of the game, miraculously, by lacking all doubt over the matter.

 A-z-o-th is from the Arabic word al-za-uq (mercury) which became an A-to-Z type of symbol for totality or completion, for synthesis or pervasion. (Public discrimination today is getting synthesized out of existence by the pervasive media diet of crafted equal-yet-opposite exchanges.) ‘Azoth’ was a supposed supersolvent and an ideal cure-all renowned in alchemy, i.e. to be aspired to.

The phrase ‘gall inside honey’ sounds deeply ironic somehow. Superficially it suggests an embittered Christian Church subsumed within something sweeter while Satan sweats it out down below. But there are no more diabolical excuses available for humanity’s inhumanities, no hiding place under the Devil’s cloak, all Satan worship must fail and all Truth shall quickly out – so does this suggest that a hardpressed Church Christianity may now rest in peace?






‘Boristhenes’ is an old name for the Dnieper River’s hinterlands (and the Goth’s route to Rome) and is also a family name found in France. It contains the given name Boris. It was also the name of a city at the Dnieper’s mouth, Borysthenes.

“The miser did not possess wealth, but was possessed by it” was a saying of Bion of Borysthenes who as a rhetoritician’s heir had burnt his master’s books and headed for Athens to study philosophy. A modern variation could be “The maximizer does not use wealth but is used by it”.


See the Nostradamus Quatrain I 2. Branchus founded a whole family of prophets, the Branchides. If there is an etymological link between Branchus and the Germanic river branch, or ‘brucke’, then is this ‘Branchus’ also representational of the river of life, the stream in time? Or had Time personified come to sit next to Nostradame as he rolled with the flow of his visions?

The Book of Jeremiah refers to another branch (in the Youngs Literal Translation Bible a shoot) linked to David:

33:15 In those days, and at that time, I cause to shoot up to David a shoot of righteousness, And he hath done judgment and righteousness in the earth.

The Book of Zechariah states:

3:8 Hear, I pray thee, Joshua, the high priest, Thou and thy companions sitting before thee, (For men of type be they,) For lo, I am bringing in My servant – a Shoot.

The Book of Isaiah records:

11:1 And a rod hath come out from the stock of Jesse, And a branch from his roots is fruitful.

These and similar Bible references to a branch, shoot or rod appear to be messianic foresights and are held by many Christians to preview the lofty nature and origins of Jesus of Nazareth who they name the Christ.


 III 20

 1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Par les contrées du grand fleuue Bethique
Loing d’Ibere,au regne de Granade,
Croix repoulsées par gens Mahumetiques
Vn de Cordube trahira la contrade.

Through the lands of the great river Betis
The length of Iberia to the kingdom of Granada,
Christians beaten back by the Mahometan peoples
One of Cordoba will breach the concord.

The Guadalquivir is a nominally ‘great river’ and one of the longest in Iberia. The Hispania Baetica Province of Roman times lent it the name Betis.



VIII 50 

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

La pestilence l’entour de Capadille,
Vn’autre faim pres de Sagont s’appreste:
Le cheualier bastard de bon senille,
Au grand de Thunes fera trancher la teste.

Pestilence round about Capadille,
More distress coming, it develops near to Sagunt,
The illegitimate knight of good lineage,
The grandee of Tunis will decide about the witness/judge the attestation/slice the head.

Nostradamus commentators before me have mostly decided that lower cap ‘senille’ is a place/name and upper cap ‘Sagont’ is not.

Line 2, OF ‘Sagont’ is a proper noun with its first letter capitalized. Adjectivally, OF ‘sagont’ could mean sagacious and knowing or, in Michel’s Provence, a sheep with its second set of teeth marks pierced, hence a second-comer or who/what comes next in a ‘pecking order’. As a verb it meant to follow. The nearest proper noun is Sagunt (Sagunto) an ancient Spanish city-citadel on the Western Mediterranean. Capellades in Catalonia is a small town not far off the route from Barcelona to Sagunt, possibly en route.

Line 3, OF ‘senille’ and ‘fenille’ are inappropriately herbaceous words with ‘senille’ the most likely, judging by the print-type used. Could OF ‘fenille’ (fennel) be a mistake for OF ‘famille’? Medieval France had the Roman idea of family, a kind of closed version of the old extended family. Basically the householder and all those under his or her roof/all those he was responsible for. Not quite there? Let’s try OF ‘sémille’. It’s more exact and means what you sow, your seed, or the line of descent involved. There was held to be noble ‘sémille’ and bad ‘sémille’ so the word could sometimes require qualification. I guess that must be it. Don John of Austria (d.1578) was the illegitimate son of HRE Charles V.

Line 4, OF ‘trancheteste’ means ‘executioner’ or ‘headslicer’ whereas ‘trancher la teste’ means either to decide about the witness or to judge the attestation. When HRE Charles V, the Spanish Emperor, sent an offer to Hayreddin Barbarossa of lordship over North Africa he sliced the messengers head off perfunctorily with a scimitar.

Tunis is a logical transcription into French from the phonetic Arab original whereas OF ‘thune’ or ‘tune’ was like ‘sou’, a word for a small coin that in time came to mean the equivalent of the English slang ‘loaded’. Aruj Barbarossa (who had a truly red beard, unlike his auburn brother Hayreddin) was a corsair and hailed as the richest man in the Med. The crimson battle cloak worn by Aruj found its way to Cordova Cathedral as the cloak of Saint Bartholomew but locals referred to it as La Capa de Barbarossa.

The Muslim Barbarossa brothers (not their born name) emblazoned their fame across the Mediterranean only to have Western history books play it down smewhat. Tunis had been officially conquered by them in 1535 and in 1538 they defeated the impressive fleet of Paul III’s Holy League. Ottoman dominance over the Mediterranean continued until the game-changing Battle of Lepanto, 1571, which featured Don John of Austria.

None of this reflects the Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 50 accurately but it does resonate a little and nothing else fits so far. This could be a dodgy Rigaud insertion.

(See the Nostradamus Quatrains IX 65  VIII 28 and IX 44 SAMPLING THE ‘68 RIGAUD)


VI 99

 1557 Lyon Du Rosne

L’ennemy docte se tournera confus,
Grand camp malade, & deffaict p(ar) embusches,
Montz pyrenees & pœn’luy seront fait refus,
Proche du fluue descourant antiques oruches.

The well-informed opponent will turn circles in his confusion,
A great army is suffering, and soldiers are lured apart,
The Pyrenees & Pennines will rebut his advances,
He approaches the menacing currents of an old, old river.

Line 1, OF ‘docte’ suggests one who has acquired extensive knowledge.

Line 3, OF ‘pœn’luy’ needs breaking up. Dispensing with ‘luy’  we could be dealing with ‘Poenus’ (generally meaning Carthaginian, specifically at the time of Hannibal) or OF ‘païen’ meaning ‘a believer in false gods’ from the French Catholic point of view, i.e. any Medieval non-Christians, especially Moslems. The commonest interpretation here is from the Latin ‘Alpes Poeninae’ which sets us back in time. BC 218 saw Hannibal heading North to cross the Rhone with his elephants on floaters. Then he reached the Po Valley on the Italic Peninsula having recruited local Gauls to make up his diminished numbers after some unexpectedly depleting and hard times on the way to Italy from Spain.

Line 4, OF ‘oruches’. A letter-likeness between the odd OF word ‘oruches’ and OF ‘chorus’ (meaning a wind from the North West) is interesting but perhaps less valid than substituting it by OF ‘orage’ which figuratively suggests threatened danger. The jumbled letters of the words ‘Rhone’ and ‘Punique’ may be selected from Line 4 and ‘Guerre’ from Line 3 once we restore the letters of ‘par’ omitted presumably by the printer.

This is the Second Punic War. (OF ‘seconde’ is available from Line 1 and ‘guerre punique’ from the other three lines.) The new information from Nostredame seems to be that Hannibal couldn’t manage the mountains and went the River Rhone route instead. (The historical convention is that this was a sly choice on his part to confuse the enemy but here in Nostradamus Quatrain VI 99 it is Hannibal who is confounded.)

And here’s a later contrast between the officials of Carthage, become a part of the Empire, and those of Rome itself. It’s by Polybius who I seem to recall was a Nostredame favourite:

In Carthage anything that results in a profit is not regarded as disgraceful: Rome considers nothing more so than accepting bribes and to seek gain from irregular channels. For Carthage their condemnation of unscrupulous gain from prohibited sources is not as strong as their approval of earning money. A proof of this is that corrupt candidature for Carthage office is an open practice, whilst in Rome death is the penalty for it. This is how the rewards for merit are at opposites in both cases: it is natural that the measures taken to achieve them must also be different.”

For the follow-on paragraph from Polybius see under ROME


I 33

 1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Prés d’vn grant pont de plaine spatieuse,
Le grand lyon par forces Cesarées
Fera abbaitre hors cité rigoreuse,
Par effroy portes luy seront referées.

Near to a great bridge of a spacious plain,
The great lion with the strength of all the Cesars
Will make the city torn down systematically,
For fearfulness the materiel carried will bear his mark. (the attacker)
In fear he will give an order to the gate-keeper. (the defender)

Line 1. A great bridge on a wide plain is dreamlike, an enigma. Is this a park or a Pope?

Line 3, OF ‘abbatre’ means to strike down from the vertical, detach a fixture, lower rapidly, hammer, destroy, overthrow or as OF ‘ébattre’ would give us flapping to escape, play athletically, fun-loving or “take on entertaining antics”. OF ‘rigoureux’ meant with moral rigor, exemplary, a severe attitude or relentlessly hard-nosed approach. Medically it could mean tremorous, feverish.

Line 4, OF ‘porte’ usually means a porter-bearer or doors-gates or a specific opening to a passage within the confines of a city or Roman camp. It can also indicate an open wound. But it combines with many other words to make other meanings such as ‘garde-porte’, the city guard, or ‘porte-bannière’, the banner-bearer, and ‘porte-bataille’, a warrior, ‘porte-cuirasse’ bearing a breastplate. As a general metonym for these it would mean war materiel (banners, shields).

Despite referring to the Roman Emperors, this quatrain is of the future case. Possibly it is unfulfilled as yet. Or the great lion is a famous emperor.

Rome has had its ‘big bridge’, literally and figuratively. Consul Napoleon’s Chief-of-Staff Marshal Berthier besieged Rome for ten days before arresting Pope Pius VI. Louis Berthier was not so much an inspired commander as a rigorous implementer of the military genius Napoleon’s instructions.

(‘Général Louis Berthier’ is available from the jumbled letters of the second couplet. ‘Napoleon’ is in the first couplet and ‘Bonaparte’ is in the second. Line 1 contains the letters for ‘Le pape Pie’. Yet this particular example could be no more significant than ‘the folly of randomness’. There are stronger examples throughout this website including on this webpage.)


See the Nosradamus Quatrain VIII 48 THE MOST ELUSIVE QUATRAIN OF ALL


IX 41

 1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

 Le grand Chyren soy saisir d’Auignon,
De Romme letres en miel plein d’amertume
Letre ambassade partir de Chanignon,
Carpentras pris par duc noir rouge plume.

The great Chyren in control of Avignon,
From Rome letters in honey full of bitterness:
Letter and embassy to leave from Chanignon,
Carpentras taken by a black duke with a red feather.

Line 1, OF ‘soy’ is from ‘être’ but equally it could be ‘foy’, faith. ‘Le grand Chyren foy’ could mean the Christian Faith (the Papacy) takes over Avignon. This was an established fact long before Nostredame wrote this, although ‘seized’ is pergaps too strong a translation of ‘saisir’ to fit to the magisterial Rectors, the two royal brothers, the French Crown, the pontificate and the ‘anti-pontiff’ administrations that have governed this area alternately and relatively mildly.

However, if ‘Le grand Chyren’ was Hitler – a bizarre selection indeed although Hitler was deliberately addressed as if he were the leading figure of the Faith by his publicist Goebbels – then ‘Romme letres’ could contain the name Rommel.

The exact meaning of ‘amertume’ is bitterness which contradicts ‘honey’ producing a mixed metaphor like ‘honeyed terms full of bitter pills’ perhaps typical of ambassadorial message massaging.  (‘Languedoc mouth-fillers’ made from sweet honey and bitter almonds are possibly still available in Narbonne, by the way.) ‘Letres’ could be envelopes/containers or written messages or both. Line 3 has it in the singular specifically.

Duc could be Duke or d’Uc or duckets or else muc, an OF expression for ink. (The same as in Vietnamese where it also means squid.) This could suggest ‘Carpentras taken by black ink and a red pen’. In 1815 Bonapartist Marshal Brune (brown not black) was assassinated in the town by the royalists during the White Terror (white not red). In 1355 The Black Prince (Edward, high on warfare low on chivalry, who displayed the Prince of Wales Feathers) made incursions in France and was met by King Jean II and an army of 16,000 that had just successfully repelled the English at Normandy. They crossed the Loire and foolishly engaged Edward’s formation bowmen at Poitiers by a frontal charge. Red blood flowed freely but the Black Prince’s feathers were basically all white. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, d.1879, had the right surname for a Black Duke and was an architect famed for medeval reconstructions/restorations. He rebuilt the Notre Dame’s at Paris and Carcassone (which was an earlier family name of Notredame). Which leaves the schismatic Black Popes or Antipopes of Avignon up for selection. The red plume remains a mystery.

There has been a historic Black Duke, the well-connected Friedrich Willhem, Schwarze Hertog of the Black Brunswickers, who opposed Napoleon in Germany. His regiment wore funeral black as a sign of general mourning. But no red feather, literal or figurative. And no connection with Carpentras the main town of pontifical Comtat-Venaicin, which had Avignon surrounded as one Papal enclave enveloped in another. This played an important role in the protection of Jewry of the region especially at the time of Nostredame’s grandparents and great-grandparents.

Chanignon like Chavignon and Chavigny is a French family name. Chavignon is a leafy commune of Aisle, a Department of France, at Latitude 49.48. Chanignon gently suggests Chavignon or else a ‘Chateau en Avignon’. Here the one best bet would be the castellated Palais des Papes where Popes and Anti-Popes had lived from the early Fourteenth Century until the early Fifteenth Century. (A very important Catholic centre, the Papal Mint was built there in 1610.)

Historically, Languedoc and Provence fell under the authority of the French Kings and many Jews had removed to the Papal Territories for refuge. Avignon was home to a long-standing Jewish community co-mingling these Stranger Jews with existing Avignon Jews (quite possibly as different as chalk is from cheese apart from Universal Jewry’s felt need to recongregate in Palestine at the End of the World).

As ‘Iuifs’ or ‘Iuifs Faux’ or ‘New Christians’ were not persecuted and even partially protected by the Pontifical State (wearing the proscribed Jew’s hat, yet without any obligation to convert) Avignon would later became a part of the Kingdom with a significant local Jewish minority that was tolerated by the French Crown as a custom. It was probably here that the new family name ‘de Nostredame’ was adopted. With the reconstituting of the Catholic church in the Eighteenth Century it fell to the papacy to renew its administration of Avignon and the surrounding Comtat-Venaicin province that includes their main town, Carpentras.

Red Feathered Footnote: During the political and military build-up to a battle at Pavia in 1525 Francois 1er had agreed to send men to aid the Pope’s assault on Naples. They were attacked en route but this was interceded by a group of Italian mercenaries known as the Black Bands belonging to short-lived martial madcap Giovanni de’ Medici (he added the black bands to his banner as a sign of mourning for Pope Leo X). He shifted sides under orders from the new de’Medici Pope, Clement VI, who had settled-up their debts in a dispute. They were arquebusiers and included, uniquely, a mounted troop of arquebusiers. They ambushed or shock-attacked as if light cavalry. The spectacle of a red tongue of flame from the front of a black uniformed and armoured soldier could account poetically for the Black Duke (duke-doux-doge meant the cremonial head or commanding officer) with a red feather as suggested in Nostradamus.

The words Ruby, Scarlet or Burgundy (Charles V inherited Burgundy from his father) might also turn the trick. Many visual effects are feathered, including tails on heraldic lions ‘at the intrepid’, or feather-shaped like the leaping Dolphin insignia (at a distance). Heraldic symbols had their illegalities, particularly where a colour might suggest a claim on another noble line or territory. There was an Order of the Golden Feather and the azure peacock feather was also in heraldic use. The Fleur-de-Lys would be more appropriate in white. Back then a red feather would be from exotic poultry. Flamingo pink was possibly unknown. Ears of wheat, a very ancient symbol, have a red-tinge before they turn to silver and gold. Wellington, the Iron Duke, who clipped Bonaparte’s career at Waterloo was famous for his black hat. His men also wore black hats, some with plumes stacked red below white. He was once British ambassador to France and a natty dresser, but no mention of a ‘rouge plume’. Titian painted Charles V on a black horse with black boots below silver armour: both man and horse are wearing burgundy tufts. His son Philip was painted wearing black with a fancy red armband. Equestrian portraits reveal that some accompanying guards wore red tufts atop their hemets. But maybe not at Carpentras which is more famous for its black truffle market and the black-bedecked Truffle Brotherhood led by their Master of Ceremonies! (In fact these are often displayed on the plate with feathered or leaf-vein ornamental pastries and presented with red wine.) So, “Carpentras is prized for its Comptroller of the Black Truffles who is there to ensure that they are served up to you the traditional way with feather-light pastries and, of course, a complimentary glass of d’Anjou Rose.” Nostredame has slipped in a commercial ‘plug’ composed by the ancient Carpentras Board of Tourism?)


The OF noun ‘chausses/chauses’ did not mean breeches (and originally those were a ‘breech piece’, with the Gaulish name ‘brocca’.) Nor did it mean culot/culottes, the Medieval short tight breeches.

Chausses were cloth or leather trousers or else chain mail pantaloons on the legs and feet forming part of a knight’s armour, his ‘chauces de fer’. (From either the Latin ‘calcia’ meaning leggings including build-enhancing hose or L. calceus being a half-boot of sorts.) Or else they were Medieval garb for feet and legs first worn with criss-crossed thongs below the knees.

X 9

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

De Castillon figuieres iour de brune,
De feme infame naistra souuerain prince
Surnon de chausses perhume luy posthume
Onc Roy ne feut si pire en sa province.

(Resulting) from the Battle of Castillon at the season of browned figs,
A wife of illegitimate birth by a foreign sovereign prince,
A family name meaning with trousers down, deceased with his trousers up
Never has a King done so bad a thing in his realm.

Line 1, ‘Castillon’ today is a new-old village in Provence, Castillon-le-Neuf in the Alpes-Maritimes. It was originally located on the Col de Castillon before being removed. St.Martin de Castillon is also in Provence. Castillon-la-Bataille (previously Castillon-sur-Dordogne) is in the Gironde and is the site of the Battle of Castillon, Gascony, in 1453 at the close of a Hundred Years Wars or territorial conflicts. England lost heavily to the Kingdom of France and the Duchy of Brittany.

The Hundred Years wars were about denials of English claims to France (see the entry TROY) and Bourdeaux tried to stay loyal to the English King having been English-ruled for three centuries. English history books are unclear about the following:

After the decisive Battle of Castellon a final act was played out. Soudan de la Trau, seigneur de Langoiran, had seen his son Pierre de Montferrand married to an illegitimate daughter of John of Lancaster, the First Duke of Bedford who was known as Mary Plantagenet and was the granddaughter of Henry IV of England, a king stricken in his person by the military disaster at Castillon. (An artillery decimation planned and organized by a Frenchman called Bureau.) It was deemed that captured Pierre of Montferrand, closely linked to English royalty, must bow to the French King which he refused to do on pain of death. It seems he was executed at Poitiers in July 1454.

The family name Trau approximates to the OF ‘trou’ meaning a hole made either by wear or cut out or else a hole dug for a toilet. It follows that a pair of trousers or trews has two openings for legs and these two English nouns seem clearly to have been derived from ‘trou’. OF ‘figuière/figuier’ is the fig tree. Provence is known for fresh figs, of course. These could be Brown Turkey figs but even green figs show brown streaks upon ripening, July through August.

The jumbled letters of both ‘Soudan de la Trau’ and ‘seigneur de Langoiran’ are available from the Nostradamus Quatrain X 9 as a whole, as are ‘Pierre de Montferrand’ and ‘Mary Plantagenet’. Other words available include ‘La guerre de Cent Ans’ and even ‘Royaume d’Angleterre/de France/d’Ecosse/de Castille/de Bohesme/d’Aragon/de Navarre/de Portugal’, all the kings and countries involved, plus ‘artillerie’, ‘Bureau’, ‘Gascogne’, Lancaster’, ‘Bedford’ and ‘beau-père’.

Line 2, OF ‘feme/femme’ meant a woman or wife (when treated as complementary to her husband) but when spoken derogatively it could indicate debauchery or prostitution, possibly the illegitimate child of a foreign noble. I could willingly be persuaded to say that a man who refuses at point of death to bow to a king is a true prince and even a sovereign if only of himself. There is not enough written about Pierre to allow a fuller conclusion. (And, yes, there was one European kingly designation that carried social kudos but no entitlement to a kingdom.) But the construction suggests that it is Perre’s father-in-law who is a Prince of another land.

Line 3, OF ‘perhume’ most likely intends to mean ‘trousers on’ whilst ‘posthume’ is posthumous.

Line 4, OF ‘onc/onques’ means never. OF ‘feut’ has been said to mean ‘filled up’ but I’m not so sure. Similar words are OF ‘fut’, has, and OF ‘feu’ which can mean defunct or recently deceased and ‘fèu’, hommage. I can also see ‘feut’ as a false take on ‘fait’ and am happy to leave it at that.

The earnest exaggeration in the last line seems to be a literary device of Nostredame or else some general convention of the time in France as it does recur noticeably often in the Opera Nostradamus.


CHYREN and SELIN selin are two names that appear in Nostradamus as constantly as the Sun and the Moon. There are many sections of this website compilation that need must address these concealed identities. Which brings us to a line in Nostradamus Quatrain I 8, Line 2, ‘Seras, changeant les loys barbares & veines’. There are enough correct letters for both Chyren and Selin to be spelled out and they can even be extracted in their proper sequential lettering if they may both share the final ‘n’ or if  a letter may substitute for the ‘&’ ampersand sign. (Possibly so. See the Article UNDERSTANDING NOSTRADAMUS: EXPLORING SOME SUBJECTS RECURRENT IN THE CENTURIES)

The ‘folly of randomness’ probably accounts for some of the letter combinations seen frequenting quatrains in Nostradamus. After all, ‘s’ is the most repeated letter of all, the vowels ‘e’ and ‘i’ are very frequent in OF and ‘l’ is often plural in a single word whilst ‘n’ is a most common word-ending. Expect to unearth ‘selin’!

The line of inheritance from CHYREN to SELIN to OGMION seems to start with Francois 1er of France and to end with Henry IV King of France and Navarre. Yet in some separate and uninvolved quatrains Chyren may well mean some other Christian (Church-anointed) King.

Charles A. Ward in his public-domain book ‘Oracles to Nostradamus’ delivers up, in a rather matter-of-fact manner, ‘le Grand Chiren’ as a metaplasmatic synecroche-cum-syncopatory ellision of ‘Henri le Grand’ and this notion seems to have perpetuated itself with other Nostradamus researchers.

IV 34

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Le grand mené captif d’estrange terre,
D’or enchainé au Roy CHYREN offert :
Qui dans Ausone, Millan perdra la guerre,
Et tout son ost mis à feu & à fer.

The great executive captive in a foreign land,
Gold in chains offered to King CHYREN :
Who in Auson, Milan will lose the war,
And all of his vassal men-at-arms put to the fire & to the blade.

Line 1 contains ‘Le grand’ (the great personage) ‘mené’ (carry out) and ‘captif d’estrange terre’ (captive, captivated, marooned, ensnared or imprisoned on foreign soil)

Line 2 seems to imply the fabled gift of Ogmios or OGMION who enchained his listener’s ears with gold.

Lines 2 and 3 could otherwise suggest an identification of ‘Le grand CHYREN’ revealed within the arrangement ‘D’or enchainé au Roy offert’ with a vague clue in the word ‘Au-sone’ (which could suggest ‘sounds like gold’) and ‘Millan perdra la guerre’ which might also contribute something. But this a distinct distraction from the use of ‘Millan’ to mean the very important Italian city of Milan and the title given to its leader

Line 4 describes a cataclysmic war loss. OF ‘ost’ sustains the meaning of ‘an host’ or else ‘many gathered together’. This was likely a vassal army of compulsory conscripts. It is ‘his’, i.e. belonging to either CHYREN or Milan. Fittingly, King Philp II of Spain was Duke of Milan simultaneously.

Ausonia was a classical epithet for the Italian penisula where there is still a region called Ausones. Ausonia today is a hill town in the central region of Lazio. Milan by contrast is in the industrialized North of Italy, in some ways almost a different country. Ausonius was a Third Century Romano-Gallic physician, teacher to the Western Emperor Gratian who had accepted that his son Valentinian II replace him and ceded Mediolanum (Milan) to him. It was laid waste in 538 by the King of the Goths with huge loss of life. Auson is also a regular family name and can be derived from the classics as a son of Odysseus who by legend gave the name Ausonia to the country of the Aruncans

Ausonium, Ao, could also refer to neptunium, one of the previously unknown elements revealed by nuclear fission and that the fascists wished named for the Roman bearers of the ‘fasces’ power symbol (that adorns many ‘citadels’, including Washington and the Kremlin). But the element was named for Neptune. Chyren then is like ‘King Neptune’, a deffrayer of tidal totalitarianism.

Auson could be a ‘subliminal’ or ‘corrupted’ anagram of Anjou (such anagrams were known and popular), that Duke being probably responsible for the infamous St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre of Protestants in Paris in 1572, acting with deGuise in support of Catherine de Medicis. For what its worth, Saint Bartolemy contains the jumbled alphabet letters of Milan. It followed on within days of the epoch-making and tense marriage in Paris of Huguenot and Catholic royal lines of Europe. Swiss mercenaries with French commanders made the streets literally run red, armed with their arquebuses and cuirasses. The bestial massacre spread through the 3,000 Huguenots in Paris, including social leaders assembled there for the Royal marriage, and then moved widely through the provinces.

Milan is on latitude 45°N. The title Duke of Milan regularly passed around between the Italian, French and Spanish royal families in the Middle Ages. In 1572 the Duke was King Philip II of Spain. He was a fervent Catholic and embroiled in the middle of a contest for control of the Netherlands, where he had lived since 1559, and which lasted indecisively for his whole life. In 1571 his men fought the Turks at Lepanto with his illegitimate brother, the quixotic Don Juan of Austria.

This was the last war fought by galleys. The Turkish Sultan ‘Ali-Pasha’ used enslaved Christians as oarsmen. By legend and by a re-interpretation of Line 2, the Great Sultan (Roy) offered the Christians (CHYREN) their freedom from chains as a winning bribe literally as good as gold. (D’or enchainé)

Auson could be a subliminal anagram of Don Juan or J(on Aus)tria, half-brother of Philip. Their father was the mighty emperor Charles V who ‘retired’ to a monastery in 1556, probably with problems of gout. Dr.Nostredame would have been fascinated both by the fortunes of this truly international and powerful European family and the distorted physiognomy of its head.

 VI 70

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Au chef du monde le grand Chyren sera,
Plus oultre apres aymé, craint, redouté:
Son bruit & loz les cieulz surpassera,
Et du seul tiltre victeur fort contenté.

Chief of the world will the great Chyren be,
Plus Ultra, informed, loved, feared and dreaded:
His fame and praise will go beyond the heavens,
And with the sole title victor he will be quite satisfied.

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V had the twin pillars of Hercules – Calpe and Abila Mons a.k.a. Gibraltar and the Southern Rock – as his modest emblem. His beloved motto was ‘Plus Ultra’ (not a truly original phrase but sufficiently over-the-top for its purpose).

Hercules was credited with pushing La Roche Gibraltar and another landmass apart to allow the Ocean to make an entrance as the Mediterranean Sea. The Southern Rock could be more than one place – perhaps Jebel Musa (Morocco) or Monte Hacho (Spanish Ceuta).

Charles lived to be 58. In 1556  he ‘retired hurt’ and ceded all his many titles, crests etc. to rest on his laurels and solicit God about gout. Or perhaps he ‘saw the light’. “Et du seul tiltre victeur fort content” implies modesty, I guess, for the overseer of the build-up of the first truly great empire upon which ‘the sun never set’. This quatrain was first published in 1557 it seems. So Chiren/Chyren is here King Charles the Holy Roman Emperor and was alive if not kicking at the time it was written.

Possibly Nostredame was inveigled by ‘the good and the great’ to grant them inclusion in his famous/infamous prophecies or foresaw some advantage in so doing. In my opinion, Chyren appears for more than one Christian King in the Centuries and possibly as pontifical power or perhaps Christian worldly powers in general.

II 79

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

La barbe crespe & noire par engin
Subiuguera la gent cruele & fiere.
Le grand CHYREN ostera du longin
Tous les captifs par Seline baniere.

The beard frizzled & black by artifice
Will subjugate a cruel and proud people.
The great Chyren’s war-camp moves a long distance
All captives are through the banner of Seline/are Seline by banner.

Cleverly crimped curls and a vain disguise with black dye? Sounds like the big wigs in a century that was yet to come way back in the Sixteenth Century.

Are there several meanings to Chyren? Basically it is a Christian King but maybe a leader who is like a king – the popes or the post-war US Prez – or they are designate Christians as opposed to Muslims.

King Charles V and his only son who was to attain adulthood, Philip II, have certainly appeared as Chyren in the Centuries. Possibly, so have the Lepanto galley slaves of ‘Ali Pasha’. (See the Nostradamus Quatrain IV 34 above.) Line 4 is difficult to get a grip on. It may even suggest that Selin ‘holds all the aces’ and is the real ruler here.

Another interpretation could be that this Nostradamus Quatrain II 79 describes the disguise of a future English King, Charles II, with his flowing curls and beard cut short, his face smeared with potash and soot as his army heads off to Scotland without him. Chyren is the King by Divine Right and Selin the Puritan Parliament?

However, if  there be but one Chyren in all the relevant quatrains then here lies an unsolved mystery although many Nostradamus researchers support that Chyren/Chiren may be an anagram of ‘Henryc’. Here’s a couple of my wilder guesses:

Chyren = Chrétien de Troyes?  Selin = Blondel de Nesle?

‘Blondel’ was conventional in his lyrics but had a deep influence on other balladeers. Apparently Chrétien was a reader of the imaginative Geoffrey of Monmouth – never stuck for a good yarn – who had helped immortalize the mysterious rascal guru-cum-magician and saint he called ‘Merlin’.

For more or less the whole of the Twelfth Century the travelling trouveres enchanted the North of France while troubadors soothed the Southern breast. They sang lyric tales with melodies that we may still hear today, so deeply did they penetrate the French heart. The majority of lays were addressed to the royal family and nobility. They were adopted by the court and must have made an impression there – yielding an opportunity for any unusual man, worldly or otherworldly, to add the weight of his mind to those steering the great ship of state.

No? Then consider the Lutheran theologian of renown, the German Professor Kochhafe (1530-1600) a contemporary of Michel de Nostredame. In classical Greek his name would be χυτρα with the Latinized version being Chyträus (or Chytraeus) and this had become his popular pseudonym. Does this ‘double-slit’ transliteration suggest the way to go?

Here’s my least wild stab:


1) Friedrich Wilhelm I, King of Prussia, d. 1740, was the father of  Frederick II (Fritz). He was a highly successful managerial reformer of his nation with a fondness for military ceremonials. He was an extraordinarily violent Man of Peace with a hurtful attitude to his son. Little Fritz was awakened daily by a cannon, got beaten for signs of weakness and was even given a regiment of children to learn to drill. He was the commander of their mini-arsenal. In his youth he ran to England with a friend. He was court-martialled and the friend executed which his father forced him to watch, causing him mental and physical distress. A terrible revenge. Possibly Friedrich really wanted his own (probably homosexual) son executed but HRE Charles VI intervened on a point of law. Fritz was later to deny the Divine Right of Kings and yet go on to become the most successful King in Europe, a positive hero to Bonaparte who rather surprisingly rated himself lower than Fritz as a strategist.

Father Friedrich would also strike out at any slovenly or uncouth citizen with his stick. It seems he could not help himself but he justified bodily violence against those who cannot strike back as being for the benefit of their benighted souls. Man of political peace, striker of passers-by, reformer, child-abusive bigot and yet the sire of the most admired, nationalistic yet pragmatically liberal and Jesuit-protecting (Fritz sheltered them from the Pope and employed them as educators) and sort of homely war-king in all Europe. A hero to Hitler.

2) Charles V, d.1558, was Holy Roman Emperor as well as being Charles I of Spain. As heir  to the Valois and the Habsburgs (he suffered from the Habsburg’s engorged lower face and always ate apart because of it) and the Castillian Trastamara’s and the House of Aragon he ruled over much of Europe and the Spanish Americas being the Holy Roman Emperor, King of the Romans Italy and Spain, Archduke of Austria and Titular Duke of Burgundy. His territorial powers stretched over four million square kilometers. This was a huge undertaking although he was largely distracted and obssessed by the religious rebellion in the Netherlands, land of his birth.

He was the father of Philip II of Spain. The Spanish Empire that Philip succeeded to was not a single social structure but a federation with each component protecting its own special rights against encroachments by the rest of the Habsburg Empire. During troubled times he came to personify Spain’s Black Legend-White Legend dichotomy. Whilst already set to inherit a dozen thrones, including Sicily Sardinia and Naples, his father had negotiated Philip’s marriage to Mary I and in 1554 Philip became King of England and Ireland in joint monarchy with his wife. Despite being so keen on a balance of power in Europe that he even defended Elizabeth I of England against excommunication, he fought widely including the Anglo-Spanish War and the War of Portuguese Succession as well as financing the Catholic League during the shocking French Religious Wars and helped reverse the thrust of the Ottomans at the battle of Lepanto.

Of course, the word Chyren may have been employed to describe other warring Christian Kings as well especially after proving itself a useful contraction for the tight poesy of these quatrains.

Will Chyren be a great ruler of France? In the Presages 1557 we find ‘donner vie longue à ce grand CHYREN’ which amounts to the English cry ‘God Save The King!’

The Centuries link him or them with Selin and Ogmion (called Solon and Ogmius in the periodic Almanacs).

Chyren Selin/Chyren selin may sometimes seem to be paired opposites, the Sun and Moon , Catholic and Protestant, Red and White, Hot and Cold, Positive and Negative, Male and Female, Right and Left, Yang and Yin, Active and Passive, North node and South node, West-East, Christian vs Pagan etc.


Discovered in 1977, Chiron is a cross between an asteroid and a comet (called a centaur). It was named for Chiron/ky’ron who was the son of the Olympian god Kronos and a hero of Greek mythology. The mythic god was built like a warhorse, like all the mythological centaurs. Chiron was the most famous centaur in the dynamic Greek myths yet despite his strength he was a gentle healer, astrologer, prophet, and teacher who sacrificed himself to a painful death out of compassion for suffering Prometheus, the mythological figure who had stolen fire from the gods for the benefit of humanity. (But Zeus snatched Chiron and raised him up to be the constellation Centaurus instead.) I think we can count him out probably as this character or these characters in the Nostradamus quatrains seem more like the regular centaur warhorses.

Chiron rules over the hands and all kinds of esoteric arts, especially those that involve the hands (palmistry) or come about through them in some way (tarot). He is often represented as a key to the rainbow bridge twixt Heaven and Earth (yet ultimately there is no need for such an artefact).

Possibly there are several Chyrens in Nostradamus, let alone the ‘Chyren Selin’ we can read about in the following Nostradamus Quatrain:

VI 27

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Dedans les isles de cinq fleuues à vn,
Par le croissant du grand Chyren Selin:
Par les bruynes de l’aer fureur en l’vn,
Six eschapés cachés, fardeaux de lyn.

Within the Isles of five rivers to one,
By the expansion of the great Selin Chyren:
Through the drizzles in the air in a fury,
Six saved hidden in bundles of textiles.

In Line 1 we have a place-marker yet it could be many places, even what is now a changed geography. Limestone hills can have multiple fault-line springs with riverlets that may merge together. In the mountains are many examples of slight rivulets feeding strong currents downstream: in the plains and valleys we often find a famous river with its tributaries, like the Avon in England. A variant more local to Nostredame is Vaucluse at ‘Comtat-Venaicin’ in Oc, which includes Carpentras. It still has a Papal coat-of-arms and surrounds the county of Avignon. It’s plains are irrigated by a handful of canals drawn off the rivers Rhone and Durance. The English capital of London has become spread-out over rivers lost to history that once ran down to the Thames and now flow through the dynamic drainage system, such as the River Fleet under Fleet Street. Or else the continental landmasses and the vast sub-continent of India have ‘five rivers to one’ in abundance. A ‘guru’ might use this expression metaphorically. As sometimes happens with Nostradame’s geography clues, it’s not so clear where this could be at this present time.


Combining fury with ‘spray’ or ‘drizzle’ suggests ‘Greek fire’ (yet another quatrain reference) a form of aerial chemical warfare once used against galleys and ships. Bundling-up in linens (weathered sails?) is somehow the one best solution here. ‘Chyren Selin’ is possibly duality in mutual opposition or, conversely, a singular invocation of apparent contradictions. The Antichrist may personify the former: who would unite disparate races and faiths personifies the latter.

(See the Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 95)

The repetitions of ‘Chyren’ and ‘Selin’ in the quatrains are a much manipulated thread of Nostradamus, two figures that perhaps have not existed yet and will never do so under those names.

In the next section we meet the ‘Chyren selin’ of Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 54 wherein THE ‘CHYREN SELIN’ IS KING PHILIP II OF SPAIN TOGETHER WITH HIS WIFE QUEEN MARY I OF ENGLAND.

CHYREN selin


 1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Soubs la colleur du traicte mariage,
Fait magnanime par grand Chyren selin,
Quintin, Arras recouurez au voyage
D’espagnolz fait second banc macelin.

Under the colour of the marriage treaty,
A magnanimous deed by the great Chyren selin:
St. Quentin, Arras reclaimed during the journey;
The Spanish make a second chopping block.

It’s not important, I guess, but both St. Quentin and Arras have their Notre Dame’s but then so does most of France. In the Middle Ages the wealthy mercantile Netherlands were coveted as a ‘cash cow’ by empire builders (the coffers-draining Habsburg wars had included the Spanish Armada of 1588) and temporarily included Arras, a part of modern France then variously owned by Flanders, Burgundy and the Spanish Habsburgs. Both St. Quinten and Arras are located to the North East of Paris, on the way in fact.

St.Quentin in Picardy lent its name to three famous battles, in 1557 during the Italian War 1551-59 then the siege of 1871 and during the 1914-18 War.

Back in 1557, on St. Lawrence’s Day, the army of Philip II, King of Spain (and of England, by marriage to Mary Tudor, Line 1, ‘Soubs la colleur du traicté mariage’) crushed the French in St. Quentin and slaughtered, massacred many during the proceedings. Philip witnessed this. He had no stomach for the hideousy of war and did not presume upon his victory. When urged to advance upon Paris he refused, he had seen enough of war, so rendering his battle alignment meaningless and humanely sparing the citizens of Paris.

The Count of Egmont went on to lead Philip’s army to victory in the 1588 Battle of Gravelines during the 12 year war between France and Spain.

Philip was later refused the hand of Elizabeth II and took to aiding the Irish against her whilst she aided the Netherlands against him. He was ruthless and cruel against all Protestants yet when the Papacy was once obliged to surrender to him he was most generous on the matter and, to regain the Pope’s favour, even reprimanded the Duke of Alva for his successful invasion of Papal territories.

The Chyren selin is Philip and Mary – paired opposites unhappily enjoined in marriage by international politics and their mutual faith.

Further, Philip had a divided personality. The Defender of the Faith was thus the very scourge of heretics. Here is a hero obliged to act the ruthless villain. He built the wonderful Escorial monastery or Royal Seat of San Lorenzo – where he died unhappy – to celebrate the very Battle of St. Quentin that he detested (possibly obeying his father Charles V’s wishes). Several Chyren passages in Nostradamus describe quite approvingly a particular Chyren’s absolute heartlessness in stamping out the opposition, which fits to HRE Charles V and to Bloody Mary also.


IX 62

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Au grand de Cheramon agora
Seront croisez par ranc tous attachez,
Le pertinax Oppi, & Mandragora,
Raugon d’Octobre le tiers seront laschez.

Line 1, ‘Cheramon agora’. OF ‘cher’ has the well-liked association of high-valued and emotionally precious plus a less popular negative meaning of a price painfully consequential to the buyer. From the Latin, ‘carus’ costly, high-priced. Also see the sections on ANABIBAZON ANARAGONIC and SAMAROBRIN with similar vowels in a likewise fantastical contruction. These reappear here in Mandragora and Raugon which seem like slightly distant subliminal anagrams of ‘amonagora’. Latin ‘agora’ means a farmer.

Line 2, OF ‘croisez/croiser’ means crossing from opposite directions, forming a cross, making the sign of the cross or adorning with a cross but OF ‘croisade’ = crusade. (In 1095 the Byzantine Emperor Alexios I appealed to the Christian states of Western Europe and Pope Urban II for help against the Turks who had by then swept across the Eastern Empire leading to the First Crusade of 1096 which turned into an attack on the Levant.)

Line 3, the Latin ‘pertinax’ is OF ‘obstiné/tenace/opiniâtre’ meaning extra-obstinate, pertinacious or unyielding, perhaps meaning some deeply addictive class of Opiate or ‘Oppi’. Mandragora is another name for curious Mandrake, a hallucinogenic root used in magic.

The occulted ‘Committee of 300’, so-called, is said to be modelled after the British East India Company’s council (whose immense accumulated wealth arose mainly out of the opium trade with China.) This is no hoax, they say, but it may be a haze for the Club of Rome. In the book ‘The First Global Revolution: A Report by the Council of Rome’ (Amazon) first appeared the meme “the enemy is humanity”. Insider-outer John Coleman, author of ‘Conspirators Hierarchy’ names and blames the ‘Committee of 300’ as the enemy of humanity. (I was once a guest at a Warburg wedding reception, on the periphery so to speak. It was a most pleasant and relatively intimate afternoon affair with everybody behaving as if they knew eveybody else and the traditional speeches were made – very nice and warm, a genuine two-family wedding reception. After it was done there was a further meeting restricted to Warburgs and new family members only.)

Line 4. See the Nostradamus Quatrains VIII 76 and VI 76 A MACELIN AND A MANCHET (A person who is ‘lasche’ is lax in their comportment or style.) OF ‘laschez/laische’ is an armoured iron plate/a barrier between lining and fabric.

In 1987 I lunched with Victor Gauntlett of Aston-Martin car company and we mulled an interim model for the Middle East. He had received back one of his handmade-to-order beauties riddled with bullet holes. The brief was to proof the vehicle against attack but leave the automotive engineering unchanged. As there was a uniform gap between the outer and inner body skins this was possible with lightweight kevlar but the necessary bullet-resistant glass would be too heavy. (Through a ‘glass architect’ I spoke with a specialist manufacturer and was told of a new development for bank screens that would be unacceptable in a car as it lost sparkle and opacity after a year, they said, but I had seen Aston-carrying private trailers from all over arriving at the factory for the annual overhaul.)

Raugon is difficult to place. Is ‘Raugon d’Octobre’ the third narcotic? (It brings to my mind the deadly narcotic seed of the Dragon Plant from South America.) ‘Augron’ was a Medieval French family name and Charamon also, whilst ‘agora’ is Portuguese for ‘now’. Rougon was a small village nestling in the Alpes-de-haute-Provence, South-East France. But its population before the Eighteenth Century would have been a few hundred at most. Rangoon in Burma is now Yangon in Myanmar which was started in the early Eleventh Century as Dagon a small Mon fishing village. Somehow Nostredame or Rigaud may have heard of it as ‘Mon Dagon’ approximates by subliminal anagram to Mon Agora although the so-called Karen people favour the local name Kayan and so are probably not the protype for Chera. There was an Indian dynasty founded 300 BC with the shortened name Cheraman.

On October 3rd 1990 Germany was reunified and annual Unity Day is a national holiday in Germany.

The grandees of Cheramon by the peasantry
Will be attached all by rank on crosses OR in x-shaped stocks,
And through the gripping Opiate, Mandrake and the third ‘October Raugon’,
Will be made lax/relaxed. (sloppy drunk/dead)

As written above this prophecy stands unfulfilled. Moving the word October around will allow the October Revolution in Russia to suggest itself. This was in the third week of October by the Julian Calender which was still in use in Russia at that time. But this particular incident does not figure in the records. The revolution was defeated in 1907 and the Third Duma (parliament) started. The marriage of a centralized state with the communist party would give Stalin his firm platform from which his authored massacres and murders stemmed aplenty (and yet he is still revered). And Cheramon is yet to reveal itself to me unless ‘Cheramon’ and ‘agora’ is an anagram-type reference to ‘democrat’ plus ‘a peasant farmer’, similar to the original definition of Bolshevik.  Talking about revolt, the French Revolution had its Journées d’Octobre. On the 5th the Palace of Versailles was stormed and the Royal family were forcibly returned to Paris by an army of women with pikes who rough-handled the Royal Guard on the way. On the 6th the People’s King agreed to ratify the August Decrees.

The fresh historical information that Nostredame always offers us would here appear to be the use of a drug cocktail.

Alternatively Chaeremon, c. 250, was a Christian Bishop and martyr. In his old age he and a friend left his bishopric at Nilopolis and went up into the Arabian mountains, never to be seen again.


See the Nostradamus Quatrain V 8 and I 64 MODERN WARFARE AS FACT AND FICTION

This is commonly translated as ‘a half-pig, half-man’ due to the suggested image of a WWII fighter-pilot in mask and goggles. Perhaps Nostredame just felt strongly about ‘half human’ types attacking from the air, referring to them as a division of swine.

I 64

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

De nuit soleil penseront auoir veu
Quand le pourceau demy-homme on verra,
Bruict, chant, bataille, au ciel battre aperceu
Et bestes brutes a parler lon orra.

They will think they have seen the Sun at night
When the porcine half-man will be seen,
Noise, screams/music, battle seen fought in the heavens
And brute beasts heard to speak.

III 69

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Grand exercite conduict par iouuenceau,
Se viendra rendre aux mains des ennemis:
Mais le viellard nay au demi pourceau,
Fera Chalon & Mascon estre amis.

Great army exercise inspired by a strippling,
They come to fall into the hands of their enemies:
But the elder born to the half-pig,
But the elder’s half-pig appearance,
Will make companions of/Will unite Chalon and Mâcon.

Line 1, OF ‘jouvenceau/jouvencel’ = a young man, all young males, adolescent youth or a strippling.

Line 3, OF ‘nay’ could be né, born, or it could mean to come into view – especially when speaking of the symptoms of a sickness – or else to make a début. OF ‘demi pourceau’ literally means half a swine. In the Nostradamus Quatrain I 64 above it is clearly an image of a fighter pilot wearing his mask. In III 69

it is more difficult to comprehend. Perhaps the ‘demi pourceau’ and the ‘veillard’ represent a glutton and an old soak.

Line 4, a ‘chalon ‘is a river fish whilst the similar nouns ‘chaland’ and ‘chaloupe’ are a large boat for carrying fish on canals and a kind of elementary sloop. Mâcon is a French town famous for red wine.

Chalon-sur-Saône in the Côte Chalonnaise was an important trading center for Celts and Gauls and then for Roman wine shipped up river and later on for trade on the Canal du Centre. To the South-West lies Mâcon, a major crossroads down the ages. Grapes and wines have linked the two.

HRE Charles V recognized the borderline Mâconnais as French by the Treaty of Cambrai,1529.

After the fall of the Bastille, 1789, the montagnards of Maconnais revolted but fell into the hands of the urban militias/brigands of Macon and Cluny, North-West of Mâcon, and Tournus at the southern tip of Burgundy and the Mâconnais hill country.  (Irrelevant but interesting, Tournus boasts a Tenth Century church with a floor patterned as a calendar of the farming seasons in combination with the astrological Zodiac, reminding us that Nostredame made his living from his agrarian Almanachs and Provenances and Prognostications and not so much from ‘The Centuries’ which he had dedicated to a later age.)



Just as the Doge of Venice gave way his personal rule to rule by a council, so China grinds on as a kind of kingdom under a small group. (in fact, every human collective is presided over by a small group often acting as if with the divine right of a king.) The Han dynasty were oriental kings.

From the Epistle to the King:

The plebians will be succoured by the undertaking, driving out the cult of the legalists, and it  will seem from the realms enfeebled by Orientals that God the Creator has unbound Satan from the infernal brig, to bring into being the great Dog & Dohan,

Shades of  biblical Gog and Magog (that Alexander the Great thought were tribes of Central Asia) but perhaps astrological. Ursa Minor was once called the Dog with the old Greek name for Polaris – our current Pole Star – meaning literally the Dog’s Tail.

Dog-days occur when Sirius is ‘opposing’ and  they represent sun-scorch, dry heat, lethargy and bodily dis-ease here on Earth. The Dogon tribe of Mali claim to have been visited by ‘the Nommos’, from Sirius A, thousands of years ago in Egypt and were imbued with detailed astronomical knowledge that can rival modern science and yet they don’t even possess a telescope. Nommos were apparently hideous in appearance and created a sea of water for themselves to overnight under. They were mer-men, great teachers of men, possibly fishers of men too according to the Dogon legend.

Dag is a semetic root giving expression to the endearment ‘Little Fish’.  Dag and Dagon are Dog and Dohan?

Please now go to GOG & MAGOG



III 78

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Le chef d’Escosse auec six d’Alemagne
Par gens de mer Orientaux captifs,
Transversorent le Calpre & Hespagne
Present en Perse au nouueau roy crantif.

The Scottish chief with six of Germany
Captives of seapeople from the East
Negotiating the Straits of Gibraltar and Bay of Biscay
To present before the new afeared ruler of Persia.

It seems that ‘Calpre’ must be Mons Calpe the Rock of Gibraltar (one of the Pillars of Hercules) or else the highly strategic Straits of Gibraltar that the monolith governs. In the Middle Ages, white captives were often seized from coastal villages or on the high seas for sale in North Africa as slaves. These are going even farther afield. The Scots leader must have political value as they are deemed of interest to the leader of Persia.




Originally an Eastern colony of the Phoenicians of Marseilles, archeologically valuable Frejús (Occitan spelling, otherwise Fréjus) in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur was developed by the Romans as the ‘Forum Julii’, ‘the market of Julius’. It had great military value before the Pax Romana, going downhill economically after this.

X 23

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Au peuple ingrat faictes les remonstrances,
Par lors l’armee se saisira d’Antibe,
Dans l’arc Monech seront les dolcaneos,
Et à Freius l’vn l’autre prendra ribe.

Line 3, ‘dolcaneos’ seems very close visually to the French-English plural ‘volcanoes’ although this may possibly be some Italianate dialect for ‘Dolicinos’ the posthumous followers of Fra Dulcin/Dolcino who was captured, castrated and, with his wife, torn to pieces in 1307. (Coincidentally, this is one more ‘odd number’ sequence like those in the more deliberate ‘3797’ or those listed in the end note to IV 95  in the entry ARMORIQ ARMONIQUE). His heinous act was to proscribe humility as good for all and suggest an end to Church hierarchy. (Much later a statue was erected to him which was symbolically shot to pieces by Twentieth Century Fascists.) Alternatively the ending of this oddity may spread out as ‘a ne os’ where ‘a’ must be ‘has’ and ‘os’ would be ‘bones’ but the remaindered word ‘dolc’ does not exist (although OF ‘dol’ meant ‘deception’). Nostradamus researchers-translators seem to be following one another with the line “The complaints will place Monace (Monaco) in the arch”. Well, OF ‘arc’ may be a bow or an arch (or possibly a harbour wall) but where ‘complaint’ (OF ‘plainte’) and the verb ‘place’ (OF ‘mettre’) come from I cannot see. I would prefer ‘Monaco will be the keystone in the arch’ or ‘Monaco will be the arrow in the bow’ but I cannot justify either, linguistically or historically. As the old Occitan ‘doler’ meant to grieve and ‘cansos/chansos’ meant songs could ‘dolcansos’ means sad songs? This could be it; a misprint for ‘dol cansos’. Whatever, it’s a bad rhyme for ‘remonstrances’ and I’m beginning to feel this is rigged Rigaud fakery. (See the Nostradamus Quatrains VIIII 65 (IX 65) VIII 28 and IX 44 SAMPLING THE ‘68 RIGAUD) However, Line 4 has the letters of the name ‘Bravade’, the bargain street market in Frejus whilst the Roman name for the port, ‘Claustra Maris’, is sewn into the quatrain as a whole.

Line 4, OF ‘ribe’ is a cane fruit or a hemp wheel  – or is this the French Riviera, La Ribier, also known as the Cote d’Azur?

Tentative Translation:
Remonstrances of OR to the ungrateful people,
By then the (Roman) army will take possession of Antibes,
In Monaco are the ‘sad songs’ of the Côte d’Azur,
And at Frejus they will turn to (trading with) each other and the Riviera.

The Côte d’Azur, like many of the most beautiful environments in the world, was not a place of peace:


Here’s Nice besieged in 1534 by French land artillery (West) whilst Ottoman and some French ships are landing at Villefranche (East) as the surprising combination of the King of France’s and Hayreddin Barbarossa’s galleys approach from the open Mediterranean Sea:

III 82

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Freins, Antibol, villes au tour de Nice,
Seront vastées fer, par mer & par terre:
Les sauterelles terre & mer vent propice,
Prins, morts, troussés, pilles sans loy de guerre.

Frejus, Antibes, towns around Nice,
They will be thoroughly devastated by sea and by land:
The grasshoppers/locusts by land and by sea the wind being propitious,
Captured, dead, bound, pillaged without the law of war.

The Roman port name ‘Claustra Maris’ reappears through the jumbled letters of this quatrain as does ‘Bravade’. (See the Nostradamus Quatrain X 23 above.) This might be a future event.  (See the Article FUTURE ARAB ATTACKS ON FRENCH SOIL)

Lovely Frejus, the sometime capital of Provence, has had an eventful existence. Here’s some facts:

During the first millennium Frejus was ruined by barbarian incursions and piracy. By the Tenth Century there was little left but rubble. A large swamp formed that kept the village divided from the sea. The Meditteranean brought further ruination with silt filling up the port.

In 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte’s fleet landed on their return from Egypt apparently to defend the Directoire. The letters of ‘Napoleon Bonaparte’ and ‘Egypte’ and ‘Directoire en Paris’ are available jumbled up in the quatrain as a whole as are ‘arbeilles’, Napoleon’s pet name for his soldier ‘bees’.

In 1959, a dam named Malpasset burst with 420 dead in the Reyran valley and Frejus (pop, 5-6,000). The letters of ‘Malpasset’ and ‘Reyran’ are also in this quatrain. Curiously the Romans had buttressed their many structures in Frejus with an unusually strong cross-shaped section. Did they detect the local ground instabilities that modern engineers tragically overlooked?  The importance to ‘Gauis Iulius Ceasar’ of Frejus was military-naval with the ‘Via Aurelia’ leaving the ancient city port by the ‘Porte de Rome’ gate and heading off to ‘Antipolis’ en route. (The ‘marks’ in this paragraph are for yet more words possibly hidden deliberately in the quatrain.)



See the Nostradamus Quatrains ‘IX 6  THE ENGLISH IN GUIENNE & V 59 AENOBARBE



See IX 44 in the Nostradamus Quatrains IX 65  VIII 28 and IX 44   SAMPLING THE ‘68 RIGAUD

Geneva is the confidential money and messaging exchange centre of the world, par excellence. In the Sixteenth Century it was the home of exclusive Calvinism (the Reform religion of choice for Marguerite de Navarrre). Today it is the homebase of the immigration centre known as the Large Hadron Collider which crosses the Swiss-French border with its Swiss heart quite near Lac Leman. Geneva and its lake appear quite a few times in the ‘Opera Nostradamus’ and in Quatrain 4 of the 1555 Almanach also.

 V1 81

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Pleurs, crys,& plainctz, hurlement effraieur,
Coeur inhumain cruel noir transy:
Leman les isles de Gennes les maieurs,
Sang espancher frofaim à nul mercy.

Tears, cries and protests, shocking shrieks,
Inhuman cruel black transfixing heart:
Leman and the main islands of Gennes,
Mainly at Leman and the islands of Gennes
Blood spills by a senseless hunger lacking all mercy.

I used to visit Pinewood Studios. The Hollywood-style movie is all illusion, especially the soundtrack. Voices are post-produced in tiny sound-studios by the actors clip-synching. In that small room all the sounds including screaming crowds and gunshots are added. (Watching actors on set pretending to shoot each other with toy guns that weakly go ‘click’ as the trigger pulls makes for quietly risible entertainment.) I think Nostredame is not remote viewing Hollywood or Pinewood. Line 1 accurately describes sounds of war.

Line 2 is a stereotyped description of evil. It could be Hitler among many other leaders who loved battle.

Line 3 references the islands of Gennes where the heroic last French battle of WWII took place.

(See the Nostradamus Quatrains

The reference to Lemans is probably the large Genevan lake. The Large Hadron Collider Centre nearby worries a lot of folk. It epitomizes the indulgence of Science with huge sums of money and newly-developing technologies that go beyond the reasonable and end-up weaponized. (For example, each individual lab machine used to weaponize anthrax costs tons of millions of dollars. What a pity the government feels the taxpayers can so easily afford it!)

Line 4, OF ‘frofaim’ is proving very difficult to place. Perhaps ‘fro’ is a dictation error. The Occitan ‘fòla sens’ means things that are insensible. ‘Sang espancher fòla faim’ could mean an appetite to spill blood beyond any sense of the reasonable, I suppose.

Line 1 contains jumbled letters for ‘les Italiens’
Line 2 contains the same for ‘Américains’ and ‘Hitler’ or ‘Hitlériens’
Line 3 has ‘les Allemands’ and ‘les Suisses
Line 4 supports ‘les français’

Could it be that some odd choices of words by Michel were made by him to allow for hidden messages or hints to be inserted?

1 47

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Du lac Leman les sermons fascheront,
Des iours seront reduicts par les sepmaines,
Puis mois,puis an, puis tous deffailliront,
Les magistrats damneront leurs loys vaines.

The religious themes from Lake Leman are irritating,
The days will drag out into into weeks,
Then months, then years, then all shall come to nought,
The authorities will damn their ineffectual rulings.

V 12

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Aupres du lac Leman sera conduite,
Par garse estrange cité voulant trahir:
Auant son murtre à Auspurg la grand fuitte,
Et ceulx du Ryn la viendront inuahir.

Near to the Lake Leman a strange city directed
By a low female wishing to betray:
Before his-her-its murder Auspurg has a great fleeing,
And those of the Rhineland will come to invade it.

Line 3, ‘Auspurg’ could be the Fugger-Welser dominated city of Augsburg (Ausburch) at 48°N. Or this could be somethng to do with the Habsburg dynasty. There is also the OF ‘asperger’ meaning to wet or moisten something.


Gennes is in the Maine-et-Loire departement in Western France. (Noted for the pointed self-sacrifice of Cavalry Cadets defending Saumur Island, causing an invasive WWII Commandant to give the order ‘still gestanden!” to his troops whilst raising a personal salute to the acknowledge their courage.)

See the Nostradamus Quatrains VIIII 76 (IX 76) and II 30 HUMAN SACRIFICE YESTERDAY AND TOMORROW

In fact, some Nostradamus quatrain references to Gennes seem more appropriate to somewhere as globally important as Geneva or the Medieval port of Genoa/La république de Gênes. Such confusion may be because of placing problems using astrological geography. (See the Article NOSTRADAMUS GEOGRAPHY)


First please read DOG AND DOHAN

As with SEPTIMANIA this entry is a necessary cheat as it is not actually referred to in the Centuries but we still need to know something about it.

Upon reading ‘Dog and Dohan’ in Nostredame’s EPISTLE TO HENRY the Biblical Gog and Magog, ‘plentiful as the sand of the sea’,always come immediately to mind. They once lived/will live to the North of Israel (Lebanon, Syria, Palestine and so on) and will be joined, the Bible says, by Persians, Puts and the Nubian Kush in an onslaught over open land and villages before entering Israel where, seriously diminished by their efforts, they will perish.

This horde are apparently the authors of their own destruction. An Islamic Hadith has that same host passing Lake Tiberias and, one by one, consuming it all so that there is no water for them at all thereafter. In fact currently the Sea of Gallilee, on which Jesus walks in the Bible, has run completely dry revealing a large domed structure, unsuspected when fully submerged, for which there is no explanation as yet.

As well as Hebrews and Christians the Muslims also reference this powerful pair, under different names:

“Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj are let loose and they rush headlong down every hill” (Q’ran 21:97)

(Steep mountain runs at speed carrying heavy backpacks are not as difficult in the going up as they are coming quickly down the other side. Only fire and water are naturally good at this.)

The day of doom exists in the Q’ran as it does in the Bible. The equivalent of the ANTICHRIST and his shocking reign of chaos will be the strongest signal of the End Time/Doomsday.

The linked pair the Bible call Gog & Magog appear together regularly in apocalyptic literature. They are presented variously as men or giants or demons or nations or states or regions. But where, who and what are they really? The battle of Gaugamela (led from the front by Alexander the Great of Macedonia) was well documented as was the subsequent securing of Babylon (where Alexander ordered that local customs be observed). So was Babylonia Gog and Magog Macedonia?

Some Arabs have called the Wall of China the Wall of Magog. In Hebrew the word Magog reads as “the land of Gog”. The Greek Septuagint’s Book of Amos 7:2 has Gog mentioned as the king of the locusts. Revelation has its locusts, too, and the US/DARPA is currently developing robotic flying insects that can fold their wings, squeeze through narrow gaps and navigate inside a house. The Greeks apparently referred to Scythians as Magogites.

Biblically, the Gog and Magog are tribes descended from Iapheth, a son of Noah, and are mentioned in Genesis 10 and Numbers 21:33. Magog is the first to get a Biblical mention but by the time of Ezekiel, Gog appears to have gained prominence over the progeny of Iapeth. Here’s a compressed excerpt from Ezekiel Chapter 38 (abridged from Youngs Literal Translation Bible):

Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Lo, I ~ against thee, O Gog, Prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, And I have turned thee back, And I have put hooks in thy jaws, And have brought thee out, and all thy force, Horses and horsemen, Clothed in perfection all of them, A numerous assembly, ~ buckler and shield, Handling swords – all of them. And thou hast come up against My people Israel, As a cloud to cover the land, In the latter end of the days it is, And I have brought thee in against My land, In order that the nations may know Me, In My being sanctified in thee before their eyes, O Gog.

In the Book of Revelation, 20:10 we find “Satan will be loosed from his prison, and will come out to deceive the nations which are at the four corners of the earth, that is, Gog and Magog, to gather them for battle; their number is like the sand of the sea.”

And when the thousand years may be finished, the Adversary shall be loosed out of his prison,

and he shall go forth to lead the nations astray, that are in the four corners of the earth – Gog and Magog – to gather them together to war, of whom the number ~ as the sand of the sea;

and they did go up over the breadth of the land, and did surround the camp of the saints, and the beloved city, and there came down fire from God out of the heaven, and devoured them;

Biblical text does not evidence the common belief that all peoples are descended from sons of Noah neither that Gog and Magog will play a crucial role but by their prophesied invasion of the Middle East they do help in the locating of End Time.

Muslims have this ‘historical prophecy’,

“Wherefore, when this wall was finished, Gog and Magog could not scale it, neither could they dig through it. And Zul karnein said “this is a mercy from my Lord: but when the prediction of my Lord shall come to be fulfilled, he shall reduce the wall to dust; and the prediction of my Lord is true.” Q’ran, xviii (translator unknown)

Old Goguryeo Is Present-Day Korea

‘Goguryeo’ got started in the Second or First Century BC and straddled the modern-day China-Korea border. It was an ancient Korean kingdom located in the North and Mid Central parts of the Korea peninsula and South Manchuria. ‘Korea’ is an English Language name derived from Goguryeo/Koguryeo.

The ‘forgotten glory of Goguryeo’ is approximately ‘North-Eastern China’. In fact the geographic North East of China is not exactly the meaning of that Chinese expression. To complicate matters further there are 3 possible definitions of this geographical, cultural and deeply historical region once known as ‘Goguryeo and Manchuria’. It was a very large and famous place founded in BC 37-97 and lasting until 668 AD. The Second Sui-Goguryeo War saw the Sui dynasty send no less than 1,130,000 Chinese soldiers on an invasive warpath. In 612 AD an advanced force of 40,000 that intended to loosen Pyongyang was destroyed before it could arrive.

Koguryeo was the greatest kingdom in Korean history, extending from the middle of the Korean Peninsula Northwards over the greater part of Manchuria out to Eastern Monglia and even Beijing. China and Korea still dispute the true historic status of ancient Goguryeo but every Korean is proud of the ancient kingdom. It is well-known that vast China is famous for a mindset that exceeds its agreed political boundaries. Even so the Great Wall is a strong clue, surely? In my opinion the biblical Gog is that region of Korea stood apart from the Southern Peninsula and Magog is Goguryeon Manchuria.

Manchuria, like Goguryeo, may be defined in differing ways; Manchu China, Russian Manchu (including Stalin’s Soviet Zion and the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, now nearly all Russian) the Chinese province of Hebei that surrounds Beijing and the Sakhalin Oblast (a Federal subject of Russia although viewed as part of Outer Manchuria by China and with four of its islands claimed by Japan as being theirs).

Manchuria has been the standing ground of several modern armies and the Kingdom of Goguryeo spurred the greatest series of huge wars in Ancient History. The Chinese Communist benevolent protection of the buffer-state Communist North Korea may further confuse the political issue.

Sometimes the tail wags the dog, as with the USA and its paramount unofficial protectorate Israel. In terms of Nostradame’s writings, this Eastern scene seems to fit East China-Korea and in particular the state of North Korea. Do-Han’s China Dog?


 See the Nostradamus Quatrain V 79 in the Article AU SUJET DE L’HOMME NICE

 The future ‘king’ in the Opera Nostradamus’ is super-elevated (almost comically to the modern mind) in the Epistle to the King

For a less than worthy use of ‘le grand monarque’ by Nostredame, try this account of the sad, bad and mad result of some kingly peer pressure:

I 99

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

 Le grand monarque que fera compaignie
Avecq deux roys vnis par amitié:
O quel souspir sera la grand mesnie:
Enfants Narbon à l’entour quel pitie!

The great monarch will make company
United in friendship with two kings
O what a sigh will the great host make:
The children of Narbonne and around, what a pity!

This next quatrain seems to be about a Frenchman fit to be Monarch, but who and when?

V 74

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

De sang Troyen naistra cœur Germanique,
Qu’il deuiendra en si haulte puissance:
Hors chassera gent estrange Arabique,
Tournant l’eglise en pristine preeminence.

Of Trojan blood will be born a Germanic heart,
Who will rise to such high power:
Driving out the Arabian foreigners,
Turning the church into pristine preeminence.

“Trojan blood” refers to the royal blood of France, which according to legend descends from Francus, son of King Priam of Troy. This king will rout the Moslems and purge the Church. A future/unfulfilled prophecy? Who knows what lies in store for France?

See the Article FUTURE ARAB ATTACKS ON FRENCH SOIL or else the original post at

However, Louis XVI had several Germanic relatives on his mother’s side such as Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony. Louis became the ‘People’s King of France’. The sorry fate of Louis and his wife Marie-Antoinette is household knowledge even today.


N.B. The website looks at first sight to be a travel guide but on closer inspection reveals a wealth of information. There is a blog dedicated to Genetics & Anthropology, Genetic Genealogy and Haplogroups. A handkerchief widely believed to be a relic of the execution of Louis XVI has generated a thread called “Genetic analysis of the presumptive blood from Louis XVI, king of France” available at…2497310001602/

In an attempt to briefly paraphrase, solely for the sake of this historical investigation, it seems that the bloodstain reveals mitochondrial DNA hypervariable region 1 and 2 with a Y-chomosome haplogroup apparently suggesting an N1b mitochondrial line in addition to the Bourbon dynasty’s probable G2a3.

If we allow the story of this royal relic saved in a dedicated gourd then Louis XVI is definitely G2a3b1a (possibly an elite among the Franks).

G2a3b1 perhaps came to Europe during the bronze age (about 4500 years ago) fitting the expansion of this haplogroup to an elite among the tribes styled ‘Germanics’. G2a3b1 is found also in India (the Indo Aryans) making it the only true Indo-European haplogroup. Some believe it may be from the Alanic G2a1.

The sole remaining ethnic group with a majority of haplogroup G nowadays are the Ossetians in the Russian states. These true Caucasians are thought to have descended directly from the Alans, an ancient tribe related to the Samartians. The medieval Kingdom of Alania was located in the Caucasus, in what is today Georgia and Ossetia.

See the entry ALANE

Apparently the line of Louis XVI can be traced back using only online resources to South East Flanders, where the Bourbons came from and according to contributors to Eupedia his is one of the peak places of G2a grouping in Europe. In Flanders, the Frankish homeland, this may be G2a3b1.


I 27

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Dessoubz de chaine Guien du ciel frappe,
Non loing de la est caché le tresor:
Qui par longs siecles auoit este grappé,
Trouue moura: l’oeil creué de ressort.

Lower than the Guienne hills striking the sky,
Not far from the hidden treasure:
Not far to the East the treasure hidden:
Which for many centuries has been gathered,
Discovered, will be dead: the eye burst out.

This hidden treasure quatrain has no easy solution, there’s no get-rich-quick schemata. It starts simply enough:

Line 1. Most of Guienne is lower than the hills as we are somewhere on the Bassin Aquitain, a plain, looking up beyond the highest hilltops to the sky. OF ‘dessous’ means inferior to, lower than, below or beneath. We then encounter, OF ‘chêne/chesne’ = trees in forests or hardwoods generally or the oak in particular (oak is coffin-wood) whilst OF ‘chaine/chaîne’ = linked metal rings used to a hold prisoner or to block somebody’s way or worn as an adornment. Or a row of stones and rocks/a chain of hills. Or a line of defensive structures.

During Nostredame’s lifetime an elaborate chain of coastal forts or Tudor artillery castles were built for the Southern Coast of England by Henry VIII, who foresaw incursions by the Catholic Kings of Europe. In France the Marquis de Vauban, Louis XIV’s chief engineer, erected special castellated designs including lighthouses across the North of the land and the German Siegfried Line in the Ardennes gained lyrical notoriety in the Twentieth Century. Curiously, the letters for WWII’s ‘Maginot’ and ‘Siegfried’ are obtainable from the quatrain as a whole without overlaps. (Incidental to a routine order he issued in 1938, Adolf Hitler managed to rename the Ardenne’s Siegfried Line as the Westwall.)

So what does OF ‘Guien’ suggest? Starting with the obvious, Guyenne/Guienne.


The following is from the Article EXTRA-NOSTRADAMUS: PART I: ORVAL AND BRUGES

Quatrain I 27 (1555) speaks of the ‘chaine Guien’. The commonest interpretation ‘under the oak tree of Guienne’ is a clue of little distinction. How many oak trees are there in the region? Most of Guien sits on the Aquitaine Basin which terminates at foothills leading up to some higher points. Is that the ‘chaine Guien’, the chain of rocks and hills?  Somehow the expression also reminds me of the looping meander shaped like a broken link at Géant on the River Semois in the Ardennes which has a clearing all around the trees on the inside of the river bend. (But unfortunately Géant and Guien sound nothing like each other in modern pronunciation.) Or are we back at the old oak tree of Orval, still said to be susceptible to lightning strikes?

By one letter change ‘Guien’ could be OF ‘gien’ which would mean much the same as ‘chaine’, especially if we regard ‘chaine guien’ as meaning a row of stitches, perhaps in files, on a fabric. (OF ‘gien à gien’ was a vineyard term meaning row-upon-row.)

Line 3, OF ‘grappé’ has the idea of clustered, hung, grouped, perhaps gathered. It has the vineyard meaning ‘grape-picking ’. It can also mean accumulated to one’s self or plundered.

Line 4, OF ‘trouue moura’ is ‘will be found dead’, future case, whilst ‘l’oeil creué de ressort’ can be interpreted variously. OF ‘creué/creuer’ basically means clinging to something. Or this could be OF ‘crevé’ here meaning  to burst out violently leaving a flat or smooth surface. OF ‘ressort’ carries ideas of bounce, strength, rebound or an energetic force a bit like pulling a cork. Figuratively it suggests forced to withdraw or otherwise penalized though it might also mean a nook or cranny, perhaps the eye socket, or it means the result, the outcome. The metal spring was invented BC so this could mean ‘the eye taken out by a spring’ or else ‘the eye struck out and clinging to the socket by the optic nerve’. Neither would necessarily be a single cause of death. Penetration of the brain behind the eye could do that, the weapon then being either embedded or withdrawn.

I would offer the traditional bottle of champagne to the first solver of this riddle but I worry about the recurring tales in the press of eyes being removed by flying champagne corks. I once had a thumb burst like that so I think I’ll just move on.



 Also see the entry for AEMATHION AEMATHIEN ÆMATHIAN and the entry for OGMIOS.

IX 93

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud
Les ennemis du fort bien eslongnez,
Par chariots conduict le bastion,
Par sur les murs de Bourges esgrongnez,
Quand Hercules battra l’Haemathion.

The enemies far off from the fort,
By chariots mastering the bastion,
Par on the walls of Bourges groaning,
When Hercules beat the Haemathion.

The word ‘Par’ occurs twice in the quatrain. Apart from the semi-ubiquitous ‘grande’, it is unusual for Nosredame to repeat words.

Line 3, OF ‘esgrongnez’ is a mess of a word, perhaps a portmanteau: OF ‘grogne’ meant a displeased growl whereas OF ‘escronner’ was to cut the upper branches of a tree or trim the top of a hedge. The upper walls of the city groaning and breaking under battle stress?

Line 4 is a little confusing. Who is Haemathion if not Ogmios, the Celtic Hercules? Is Haemathion/Aemathion the mythical Emothian? In classical mythology were were four figures with that name. The one slain by Hercules was Emathion of Aethiopia the brother of Memnon and the King of Arabia. These names appear to be figurative, for what connection could there be to Bourges in France? Well, ‘burgus’ is Medieval Latin for a fortified town. So where are we?

In Hebrew ‘emet’ means truth. Hamath was a frontier store-city and district of Northern Palestine that was long ago renamed Epiphaneia. Emathia (Emathian) was the Roman name for a district of the MacedonianKingdom. Which is not exactly Aemathion. The French/English word ending ‘–ion’ from the Latin suffix ‘ionem’ makes nouns out of verbs. But ‘aemath’ is difficult to find in Latin-Greek. Is haemathion a gerund (verb-phrase that serves as if noun-phrase) for hamath? A fest of Biblical translation comparing will equate Hamath with Haemath and Aemath.


In the notes to the quatrain II 16  of the Article NOSTRADAMUS & WORLD WAR TWO is a Late Medieval definition of this word:

OF ‘hecatombe’ was an expression signifying the sacrifice of a hundred cattle. (Sixteenth Century, ‘Epistre du Roy’, ‘Oeuvres de Jean Lemaire de Belges’ ed. J. Stecher)

A fuller exploration of the usages of the word may be found in the Article  X 74, VIII 34 and V 18 WHEN THE DEAD PUSH UPWARD

 Other references occur in quatrain X 74 in the Article CYCLING INTO ETERNITY: EMBEDDED IN TIME and quatrain IX 84 in the Article MARBLE TOMBS AND TREASURE


VI 56

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

La crainte armee de l’ennemy Narbon,
Effrayer si fort les Hesperiques:
Parpignan vuide par l’aueuglé darbon,
Lors Barcelon par mer donra les piques.

The feared army of the Narbonne enemy,
Frightens the Hesperians very greatly:
Perpignan empty through Arbon blindsided,
Then Barcelona will deliver pikemen by sea.

Medieval Perpignan has had a complicated past. Rule over it went from Roussilon to Barcelona in 1172 and all French feudal rights in Roussilon were ceded in 1285 by the ‘Traité de Corbeil’. It then boomeranged via the Kingdom of Majorca back to the County of Barcelona. It then went to France and back, finally becoming fully French in 1659 by the ‘Traité des Pyrenées’.

Nearby Narbonne was the capital of Visigoth Septimania. It won the ‘Bataille de Vouillé’ against the Franks in 507. Narbonne developed strong links with the ‘Caliphate’ of ‘Bagdhad’ and a major Jewish centre of learning developed there.  According to Wikipedia the last speaker of Judeo-Provençal was Amand Lunel in the Twentieth Century. His name may be found jumbled into the quatrain letters but this is almost certainly the folly of randomness come dancing into play. This ‘Hébraïco-Comtadin’ or Shuadit’ or ‘Chouadite’ faltered heavily with the entry of the ‘Inquisition’ into France.

Courtly love became part of castle-life in several regions such as Aquitaine and Provence around the same time. It flourished under ‘Ermengarde de Narbonne’ in the Twelfth Century according to Wikipedia. It featured as its centre-piece the apparently unattainable ‘princesse lontaine’, a distant lady of highest rank and wealth who nevertheless accepts a lower knight’s attentions but strictly superficially. This still occurs during the steps of chaste courtship for pre-arranging socially convenient marriages (especially in cultures where an army of discarded souls regularly walks the streets after dark).

All the words in quotation marks are available from the letters of the quatrain.

Also see the entry BETHIQUE


V 39

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Du vray rameau de fleur de lys issu,
Mis & logé heritier d’Hetrurie:
Son sang antique de longue main issu,
Fera Florence florir en l’armoirie.

A veritable branch out of the fleur-de-lys,
Placed and lodged as heir to Etruria:
Its ancient blood long producing issue,
Will make Florence adorn their shield with flowers.

Line 2. Etruria/Tyrrenhia was in Central Italy.

Line 4, OF ‘florir/fleurir’ = adorned with flowers. Nostredame has used Florence, familiar to his Fench/English audience, and not the Italian name Firenze.

The quatrain as a whole contains the jumbled letters of ‘Marguerite de Navarre’ and ‘Henri Quatre de France’ so revealing Henri IV King of France, a future personage inconceivable to the Houses of Navarre or Valois let alone by one of a lower order when it was eased into this quatrain edition of 1557 by Michel de Nostredame.

(OF ‘quatre/quatrième/quartime’ = fourth)

To my eyes this letter-play illusion is so well constructed that it almost leaps out of the page.


Could Hister relate in some way to Caesarius of Heisterbach? This gentleman (d.1240) gave us a herald: “Many and terrible signs will appear in the sky, the sun will darken and will show itself bloody-red. One will able to see two moons at the same time for four hours … surrounded by amazing things.”

Otherwise, see the Article NOSTRADAMUS & WORLD WAR TWO for references to the unfortunately crazed Adolf Hitler (unfortunate for everybody in the long run) and the River Hister.



III 64

 1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Le chef de Perse remplira grande OLXADE,
Classe trireme contre gent Mahumetique
De Parthe,& Mede:& piller les Cyclades:
Repos long temps au grand port Ionique.

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Line 1 differs: ‘Le chef de Perse remplira grande Olchade’
Line 2 differs: ‘De sparte & Mede,& piller les Ciclades’

The chief of Persia will fill great OLXA?E
A trireme fleet against people Mahumetique
Parthian and Medes: and the Cyclades pillaged:
Long rest at the great Ionian port.

Whether this be OLXADE or Olchade is only relevant once we can trace these names somehow. Is there a connection between this quatrain and IV 38? (See the entry SAMOTHRACE)

Parthia is now N.E. Iran. Medes are from Media. Their language originated in N.W. Iran. The Cyclades form an island group in the Greek Aegean.

(Interestingly, the OF spelling of ‘Mahumetique’ in this and other quatrains quite closely resembles ‘mathématique’, mathematic.)



X 37

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Lassemblee grande pres du lac de Borget,
Se ralieront pres de Montmélian,
Marchans plus oultre pensifz seront proget
Chambry, Moriane combat sainct Iulian.

The great assembly close to Lac du Bourget,
They will meet nearby in Montmélian,
The merchants/Marchands with cognizance of what lies far beyond will develop the project
Chambéry and Moriane OR La Chambre in Moriane to fight St. Julian.

Line 3, OF ‘marchans’ could mean merchants or could be a group or family name. The choice of words ‘plus oultre’ usually suggests the HRE Charles V whose personal motto it was.OF ‘pensifz’ means absorbed in thoughts, preoccupied or anxious. (An aside; the perrennial problem in the Centuries of the same typeface being used for ‘f’ and ‘s’ was avoided by the printer in the one word ‘pensifz’ but nowhere else.)

Lake Bourget – the largest lake in France – is in the Savoy. Montmélian is a small place in Savoy in the Rhône-Alps of South East France.  Maurienne/Moriana/Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is a province in Savoy. It has a canton called La Chambre and a series of Nineteenth Century forts called ‘La Barrière de l’Esseillon’. (All the letters of this long name are jumbled up in the quatrain as a whole.) Metropolitan Chambéry at 45°N was the historic Savoyard capital. Saint-Julien-en-Genevois is located right on the Swiss border in greater Geneva. (There are other St. Julien’s in France but not in the common region for this quatrain.)

The  Alps border the Languedoc and Còte d’Azur to the South and Switzerland and Italy to the East and feature Mont Blanc, Lac Léman and Lyon. Medieval Savoy reached from Geneva to Nice, from Bourg-Bresse to Turin.

This quatrain seems to be lost history that was local to Maurienne or an unfulfilled/future preciction.


From my introductory sectionTHE 7 T’s’ on the HOME page.

Occitan omits k, w and y except in foreign words and the Centuries are light on them also. The letter  k appears only once or twice in Nostradamus as a capitalization (Kappa, Kalende) although it appeared before his time in ke (que).


From the Article ADDENDUM ON “K Th l”


1555 Lyon Bonhomme

D’humain troupeau neuf seront mis à part,
De jugement & conseil separés:
Leur sort sera divisé en depart,
[K alpha pi Θhita λambda] mors, bannis esgarés.

Line 3 could be either ‘sort sera’ or ‘fortfera’ (the printer’s marks are the same for ‘s/f’)

Translation 1:
Of the human flock nine will be set apart,
Separate in judgment and counsel:
Their departure will be divided on high,
Their strength divides as they depart
K.Th.l. [K alpha pi Θhita λambda] bit between the teeth, cast out, losing the right way.

Translation 2:
Of the human flock nine will be set apart,
Separate in judgment and counsel:
Their fate will be divided as they depart,
K.Th.l. [[K alpha pi Θhita λambda] bit in mouth, cast out and losing the right way.

 Generally held to be the doomed Space Shuttle Mission. Read as a mangled and chopped corporate title, K.Th.l. almost identifies the manufacturer of the US Space Shuttle part that was found faulty in retrospect after the fatal re-entry disaster involving surprise friction heat. Rewritten as Th.K.l. the solid rocket boosters either side of the fuel tank for the Space Shuttle were built especially by Thiokol of Utah. (Was there more to this than the Space Shuttle alone? Was a platform construction in space being  covertly serviced during repeated and ‘unforeseen’ extensions by scheduled shuttle trips with an unrecorded astronaut engineer or two on board?)

Knossos, Thera, labyrinth:

Read as Knossos (centre of a now extinct advanced culture) with Thesesus or Thera and the labyrinth (an invention by the too-clever-by-halves Daedalus) this could reminds us of the story of King Minos and his astonishing palace at Crete for which Daedalus had designed a labyrinth from which there was little or no chance of escape upon entering. (Similar in plan to the later signature knots of Leonardo, perhaps?)

This was held to be the caves around and beneath the palace site at the city of Knossos. A newer interpretation is that this was the great architect’s intentions for the above-ground palace itself and represents a crazed room sequence of sorts, rather like an interior-designed maze. All desire for new mazes and labyrinths seems to have dissolved in modern times; we now have some accessible electrical circuits and plumbing to lay out and computer programs to challenge us should we wish to get lost.

Thesesus was a royal volunteer for entrapment inside the labyrinth with the resident Minotaur or halfman/half-bull monster (together with the usual group of boys and girls slipped in as his tribute). He laid a trail with a piece of thread that enabled him to retrace his footsteps after the expected showdown. This in itself could be overly complex if the trail should keep crossing and re-crossing. (I once had a Citroen Prestige with the ‘advanced engineering’ of 30-odd servos and a vast wiring loom that completely defeated the official English technical agents and led to it eventually dying-out as unservicable way before its time.)

The city of Knossos on Crete was doomed. A tsunami travelled from the erupted volcanic island (then known as Thera) and simply removed it from the history pages. Actually, Minoa is a name taken in modern times from Minos who was a legend. The Minoans, like the Etruscans, had come from we know not where equipped with superior arts and management philosophies.

Daedalus is the mythical figure who is father to inventors and architects. His son Icarus perished on their dual test flight by suddenly climbing too near the Sun. Here is an echo of the extremely high Tower of Babel that the stratospheric God resented for it coming up too close to Him. The warning to architects is to not build too high at least for fear of ‘chimney-effect’ tongues of flame (and these days the sky is the theoretical building limit). The warning to us all is not to fly too near the Sun with on-board equipment (waxed wings, for example) that can only be repaired at ground level or by some very experienced hands from whom we do not want to get separated once up aloft.

Alphabet Soup

Several arcane mystery alphabets have had one letter resembling K and another similar to Th but only an inverted l-shape and not any regular letter l.

K.Th.l. These three abbreviations could receive a thousand candidates apiece. Although some languages have capital K and Th but not much use for capital L (Hebrew) and  others have capital L but little use for  K or Th (Occitan-Provençal) most languages allow all three when writing Foreign Names.

‘D’ may be pronounced as ‘Th’ in Hebrew, Adon being pronounced Athon.

Regarding the punctuation periods in K. Th. l., either they are there to indicate abbreviations or they are there as a printer’s error. As Hebrew shows few letters for vowels, this might just be ‘kTH’ or else a more modern noun with bits deleted, like the German surname Kathol.

Here’s some specific clues for you;

Thetis is the heavy lance used by Achilles. Alchemy has three great principles, Sulphur, Mercury and Salt. The widely used salt sigil was derived from the capital letter, the theta, of Thanatos which is Greek for death.

K.Th.l in the Babylonian Talmud could be, for example, the tractate ‘Kethuboth’ or ‘K.Th.’ with the ‘l’ perhaps representing a number. The Kethuboth is a set of rules on fines for male-on-female transgressions. The numberings in this tractate appear variously as chapter headings, footnotes and folio references. For example, Chapter 1 footnote 50 refers to a divorce judge’s dilemma known as the ‘ferry’ example. This seems to allow that a decision to proceed with a divorce may be made despite the remote stranding of one party by adverse circumstances. Alternatively, K.Th.l = the Babylonian Talmud tractate ‘Kerithoth’. That book covers 36 perverse transgressions in 6 chapters. It deals with ‘cuttings off’ (‘kareth’) where it is for God alone to administer justice after the verdict is given. The rabbis interpret this as meaning that the transgressor’s lifespan will become truncated either at age 50 or age 60. This tractate contains a discussion on how many transgressionary errors may come from only one act and makes a distinction between deliberate and accidental events.

Possibly, K suggests Kabbala or Knossos and Th suggests Theurgy or Theism. More improbably, two brothers K and L are fabled to have entered Sheol or Hell and returned unscathed from death because of the intervention of Jesus.

‘Th.’ might be Thule, a Medieval expression for any distant  region, especially in the Far North such as North America, Alaska, Greenland, Iceland or the Arctic Circle.

In the Iliad, the seer Kalchas is the son of Thestor.

In the Odyssey, the seer with second sight is Theoklymenos.

If K.Th.l. be reassembled as l.K.Th. to produce  Lukothoe/Leukothea of Ovid’s ‘Metamorphosis’. There were two older roots to the name; Lukoth the Gleaner and Lukhoth the Setter of Fire. Lukothoe was often portrayed in ancient images as having two simultaneous aspects. Gleaning and burning probably chimed well with primitive slash-and-burn agriculture.

At the base of the Hebrew Kabballa’s Tree of Life is the Kingdom or Malkuth, the material world.
The tribe which guards the Oracle of the Dead in Epirus is called the Thesprotoi meaning those who see the gods.
In synoptic gospel analysis, prior to the invention of ‘Q’,  Mark’s Gospel is often shown as ‘K’ to distinguish it from Matthew. If Matthew’s Gospel is shown as ‘Th’ and Luke as ‘L’ we then get close to K.Th.l.

The third section of the Hebrew Bible is called Kethubim, or Writings.

The Book of Ecclesiastes is also called Koheleth (K.l.Th.) quite possibly the true name of so-called Solomon the Wise.

A likely candidate is the phrase ‘everything has an appointed season, and there is a time for every matter under the heaven. A time to give birth and a time to die; a time to plant and a time to uproot that which is planted’. Dignity and poignance in the face of ever-present death also accompanies ‘Vanity of vanities, said Koheleth; all is vanity’ and ‘all came from the dust, and all return to the dust’ and ‘there is nothing new under the sun’. ‘I saw all the deeds that were done under the sun, and behold, everything is vanity and frustration’.  ‘What profit has man in all his toil that he toils under the sun?’ ‘A generation goes and a generation comes, but the earth endures forever’.



VI 42 

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

A lomygon sera laissé le regne,
Du grand Selin qui plus fera de faict:
Par les Italies estendra son enseigne,
Regi sera par prudent contrefaict.

To the Ogmion who will do yet more deeds
Will be left the realm of the great Selin:
Through the Italies will his banner-symbol extend,
The discerning deformed one will be king.
Will be the king by a wise sleight of hand.

As we are dealing with a Nostradamus leading character here, I shall also tackle this from another direction.

A Loose Latin Translation:
A relinquetur regni lomygon
Plerosque magna Selin de facto:
Per Italys vexillum eius extendunt,
Regi prudenti deformia.

It is most probable that the last line is about a prudent yet somewhat misshapen King.

England’s Richard III developed scoliosis or sideways curvature of the spine as a teenger. It probably had no ill-effect on him other than to incline him to carry one shoulder higher than the other. He was thoughtful, kind, active and brave. The portrayal of him as a twisted hunchback was retroactive propaganda by the Welsh Tudor who he very nearly killed, culminating in a rather unworthy Shakespearian fantasy.

The vivid Hebrew Bible description of the Messiah by the Prophet Isaiah refers to an uncomely, physically disabled or decrepit old man. It is often presumed to be a mistaken description of Jesus who was young and whole. This is pure confusion as they say the Jewish Christ has yet to come.

(See the Preamble on the Problem of the Antichrist in the Article LA CANNON’S NOSTRADAMUS AND OTHER WORLD’S END GAME PLAYERS)

What to call the great Renaissance king who opened France to the revival of classicism? ‘François Premier’ or ‘François de Valois’? The latter contains the jumbled letters of both Selin and Celin. Henri II inhherited this throne. Was he the ‘young’ Gallic Ogmios who was to die weaponed-up, aged 40, from a fatal wound during combat?

We appear to be back in the meaningless and wasteful Habsburg-Valois conflicts known as the Italian Wars. Such conflicts, having no real cause outside of the emotions of giants, demoralize professional troops whilst creating opportunities to test new weaponry of advanced terribleness. The same goes for the US and its UN and NATO allies targeting lowly Korea, low-tech Vietnam, out-of-it Afghanistan or the decade-depleted Iraq so as to test-out unthinkable weapons of high-tech destruction.

It’s widely held that first choice for ‘lomygon’ is ‘l’Ogmion’ and that the Ogmion in Nostradamus stands for Ogmios.


V 35

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Par cité franche de la grand mer Seline,
Qui porte encores à l’estomach la pierre:
Angloise classe viendra soubz la bruine,
Vn rameau prendre du grand ouuerte guerre.

The free city of the great Crescent sea,
Which furthermore carries the stone to the stomach:
Which moreover sends Saturn’s children to die:
An angloise fleet will come under the drizzle,
A branch seized of the big open war.

Line 1, OF ‘franche’ is usually taken to mean free but was part of the English-French expletive ‘franche-dogue’, ‘French dog’.

Line 2. There’s an odd mix of medical terminology here. OF ‘porte’ was the ‘portal vein’. OF ‘estomach’ meant stomach, the state of the stomach or upper torso or else – synonymously with ‘heart’ – the seat of a person’s feelings or thoughts. OF ‘pierre’ can be a renal concretion or organ stone. Line 2 could otherwise be a reference to Chronos or Saturn who ‘eats his children’ until he passes a swaddled stone that presents crossed bands at which point he (and maybe Time) will stop.

OF, ‘porte’ might be a city gate or any opening or mechanism of entry or access given to a conscious feeling or state.

Line 3, ‘Angloise’ means in the English style, I should suppose. Perhaps something new in the number of decks on fighting ships? Anyway, here’s a fleet of them. OF ‘bruine’ or drizzle is used by Nostredame to refer to Greek Fire in one chemistry version or another. This incendiary stuff was rained down on ships. Fire at sea! A speciality of the ships and port city defences at Istanbul (Constantinople).

The ‘mer Seline’ may well be the stretch of water also called the Horn of the Bosphorous or some similar crescent-shaped sea. Alternatively, the ‘cité franche de la grand mer Seline’ and ‘à l’estomach la pierre’ may have referred to the predilections of Queen Mother Catherine de Medicis, an alleged poisoner, with some English interventionism involved in the ‘grand ouverte guerre’ – presumably the Catholic-Protestant strife across all Europe.

King Henri II had inhherited his throne from François Ier (whose born name ‘François de Valois’ contains the jumbled letters of both Selin and Celin, as it happens) which effectively passed to Queen Catherine de Medicis as Regent of France. Is that great lady, a major benefactor of Michel de Nostredame, either Selin or else the mother of Selin?


IX 89   

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Sept ans sera Philip. fortune prospere,
Rabaissera des Arabes l’effaict,
Puis son mydi perplex rebors affaire
Ieusne ognyon abysmera son fort.

Seven years will Philip’s fortune prosper,
Constricting the Arab’s effect,
Then in the afternoon of his reign a perplexing reversal of events.
Young Ogmion his strength engulfed in the deep.

‘Pantagruel’ by Rabelais (a student at the same university as Michel Nostredame and patronised by various royals) has the giant Hurtaly. He straddled Noah’s Ark to stabilize it and wrestle the stormy waves (just like Og) and was an ancestor of the giant Pantagruel.

Hidden jumbled in the letters of the quatrain are the following names (without overlaps)
Pantagruel, second couplet
Rabelais, Line 2
Hurtali, Line 1

Incidentally, the phrase l’Arche de Noé may also be found (overlapping) in the quatrain as a whole.

The ‘y’ that ends Hurtaly does appear three times in the second couplet but, actually, the substitution of ‘i’ for ‘y’ and vice versa was normal in OF.

Whilst there is a haze over the voracity of some of the 1568 Rigaud editions there is also a blur over the accuracy of the ‘Janus’ entries which may have been compiled from old notes by Nostredame.

Interestingly the 1597, Lyon, ‘La premiere face du Ianus’ edition had the Nostradamus Quatrain ‘CENT. 9 QVAT 89’ as

Sept ans aura PHILIP fortune prospere.
Rabaissera des Barbares l’effort.
Puis son midy perplex, rebours affaire.
Ieune Ogmion abysmera son fort.

which contains all the necessary letters for the three words and one phrase listed above except for a letter ‘c’ because the rhyme with Line 4 has been blindly restored to Line 2 obliterating OF ‘effaict’, itself a variation of the OF substantive ‘effet’. I do not much trust the 1597 Janus edition which I usually avoid.

In the ancient Roman and Celtic world the well-known image of Hercules carried a bent bow in his left hand and a club in his right hand, as shown in a carving at Aix-en-Provence. Ogmios, who also appears as Ogmia and Ogma, is also Pan-European. He differs from Hercules only in that he is a cheerful man of advanced age, balding and grey with his skin deeply exposed to the the Sun. The Ogmion in the Opera Nostradamus is either a younger version of Ogmios or Michel is stressing that he is very youthful for his age. (A little condescendingly we could say ‘sprightly’.) By legend his face is like the Sun, his words like honey, his followers enthusiastic to stand shoulder-to-shoulder with him.

The high heavens where the Great Archon rules, i.e. the plane whereon the moon travels, is called the Ogdoad. If there is a link between Ogmios-Ogmion and the Ogdoad, then this very earthy personage has descended from the sky, maybe from behind the Moon.

From the Nostradamus Quatrain I 96 THIS IS HIM

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Celui qu’aura la charge de destruire
Temples, & sectes, changés par fantasie,
Plus aux rochiers qu’aux viva^s viendra nuire
Par langue ornée d’oreilles ressaisies.

This is him who will bear the onus to remove
Those religious edifices – and their congregations – shaped  by indulgent imaginings,
More people chastened than all the pebbles on the beach
More to come alive than harmed by rocks
By style of language that calms the hungry ears.
With ears recaptivated by ornaments of language.

 Line 3, OF ‘viva^s’ is more than likely ‘vivants’, alive.



See the Nostradamus QuatrainII 62 MABUS BY NAME

This is the most discussed name borne by any quatrain in the Centuries. Mabus is generally reckoned to be a proper noun, possibly arrived at through constrained writing, say an anagram. The common assumption is that Nostredame describes Mabus’s death which marks the beginning of the apocalyptic finale for mankind’s unjust rule over the planet  – but by my translation that’s not necessarily the fact. Who (or what) is this? You decide; just choose from the following list or join-in the fun and promote your own interpretation. The Internet/web suggestions seem endless!

N.B. There are alternative and sometimes preferable candidates for the title Mabus to those below. Many of my own scatter over my interpretative articles for the Nostradamus quatrains and epistles; too many to insert links for them. Here are two more:

Mabus = the effect of the death of Amschel Moses Bauer upon the life of Mayer Amschel Bauer?

Mayer Amschel Bauer was born in Frankfurt-am-Main in Germany in 1743. His father Amschel Moses Bauer a travelling moneylender who became a ghetto trader when he married, had hoped to have his son trained as a Rabbi but his untimely death by smallpox in 1755 proved the end of that.

Mabus = the death of Mayer Amschel Bauer and its consequences?

Mayer Amschel changed his name to Rothschild after the Red Shield which marked the doorway to his dead father’s business. He became “M. A. Rothschild, by appointment court factor to his serene highness, Prince William of Hanau”. When he died on September 19th 1812  Mayer Amschel Rothschild’s will stipulated the family and business rules to be adhered to rigidly, under threat, by all Rothschild’s including forbiddance of marriage outside of the family then extant. The rest is international political history.

Mabus = Marasmus + Catabolysis = severe energy decifit malnutrition + severe biological breakdown by malnutrition?

These penultimate forms of malnutrition lead ultimately to death by starvation. By the former, a child under one year old will loose or ‘decay’ their normal developed weight and become totally emaciated. Catabolysis is a body ‘eating itself internally’ in order to stay alive due to the absence of new carbohydrates, protein and vitamins. (Without converting vitamin B12 intake, for example, several body and mind functions will go haywire altogether.)

Mabus = ammonium abusus = inoculation abuse?

In Docteur Nostredame’s lifetime all medicines were apothecated from natural ingredients and medical research was based on apparent realities. Today’s medical laboratories can bring the hitherto unthought of into the world, including at the ‘nano’ scale, or will rapidly disseminate an old enemy that had all but disappeared. The old French expression for fatal poison translates as “inheritance powder”. Death by doctor is well-documented. The UK gov’s ‘Liverpool system’ pays millions of British Pounds in death bonuses to conspiring hospitals with elders as patients. Degradation of blood bank supplies and destructive mass vaccinations have and are happening. Baxters are promoted and supported by the World Health Organization and USA Centers for Disease Contol (curiously the CDC has published on the sick subject of a ‘zombie invasion’). They have a catalogue of controversies.

Noblesse oblige: a gracious Irish-Austrian lady Jane Bürgermeister filed with the Austrian police against the Austrian vaccine company Baxter International. (By a Hitlerian coincidence the various mottoes of the Austro-Habsburgs over the centuries have all come down to ‘Austria rules the world’.) The USA’s manipulative mental health handbook lists spurious new definitions of mental problems and imposes lifelong pharmaceutical prescriptions that may derange minds violently and could sponsor suicides. Mind control methods, like hypnotism which was originally a part of psychiatric healing, are undergoing widespread application in the Western World, they say, and incidentally have results that can motivate (or demotivate) both chosen individuals and the masses.



The Jews at the time of the Maccabee (meaning Hammer) referred to Antiochus Epiphanes as ‘Epimanes’ roughly meaning ‘Madman’ (as we speak of Hitler today) the word ‘man’ being wrapped in there. Some historians risibly suggest that Simon de Montfort the Senior was named Maccabee by the Church because he was relieving their oppression by the ‘Cathar’ heretics; not so, the word simply means the Hammer and, to add a new twist, Simon was hammered into the ground by a boulder-like projectile when his turn came.

OF ‘main’ may actually be a basic word-sound for ‘hand’ of multi-regional origins. By using a phonetic approximation (written from an English language base) we can link the following: Altaic ‘manya’, Kamtchatken ‘mn’, Inuit ‘monhrr, Indo-European ‘mahrr’. (From work by the University of Reading, as reported by the Daily Mail Science Section, observing common roots of words perhaps as far back as 10-15,000 years ago.)


There are so many references to things ‘marine’ in Nosradamus that credulity is stretched. Well, OK, so ‘marine fleet’ seems clear enough but what of weather changes brought about by ‘marine arts’? What are they? Floating oil rigs or ship-mounted laser cannons? (The stories of fabulous Minos include the demi-god Poseidon sending a white bull from out the sea.)


(But also see the Nostradamus Quatrain IV 11 THIS IS ABOUT RODRIGO DE BORGIA and the notes on ‘tarasc’ in VIII 46in  the Article MALACHY’S POPES AND NOSTRADAMUS or my ‘sea beef’ notation to the EPISTLE TO THE KING)

Many folk crave the special peace of a sacred harbour at some time. To the children of the Enlightenment, though, this could be mistaken for yet more religiosity and a needless and, in a sense, heedless social stagnation. And yet to the ‘believer’ their religion seems a particularly relevant and appropriately pious enthusiasm. Secularism has tales that time tell but only religion posits plans in this life for extreme goals in the next life that none living today may prove or disprove. The golden trick is to claim descended authority from God Almighty and hold the keys to both sees, the secular and the spiritual.

The worst possible Pope was born as Rodrigo Lanzol in Valencia, a Province in Castilian Spain, and spoke the Castalan language. When his  uncle became Pope Calixtus III he changed over to his mother’s family name, Borgia. He studied Law in Bologna and by nepotism was made a Bishop rising under succesive Popes to Vice-Chancellor to the Holy See. His admistrative skills – later admired by Machiavelli – were formed then but not his wealth. He competed with two Cardinals for the Papacy, one of whom agreed to support him whilst the other remained against him for the long-term having been hugely financially backed by France and Genoa during the electioneering.

When Borgia came in as Pope he introduced orderly government methods and administered justice strictly. But his corrupt decline followed rapidly as he gave away Church possessions to his family members. In pre-industrial times, to support all branches of your family was a social duty and probably considered quite Christian (lit is considered exactly Confucian in the East today). Borgia though went as far as opening needless wars and ‘legally robbing’ his wealthiest aides to do this, sometimes taking their lives as well.

The oldest known of the many Bibles was to be found is the early Alban language version. Coincidentally, “Bos Albanus in portu” or ‘Alban Bull in the Port’ was the descriptive title allotted to Pope Alexander VI (1492-1503) a vile man to most excepting his daughter Lucretia (who got married in the Vatican Palace) and her three landed brothers. He eventually met with a vile death. He was the ‘Godfather’ of the Borgia gang and may have been horribly poisoned by his son whilst the pair of them were attempting to poison a cardinal. The mother of the four children beloved by the unmarried Pope had herself three legal husbands in her lifetime. The Reformation probably had its taproot in the moral repugnance felt toward the largely secular, greed-driven and politically dominant Papacy and perhaps this murderous debauchee of a Papa in particular. He died around the time Michel de Nostredame was born.


This is Narbo Martius, the original name of Narbonne.

 II 59

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Classe Gauloyse par apuy de grand garde
Du grand Neptune, & ses tridents souldars
Rousgée Provence pour sostenir grand bande:
Plus Mars Narbon. par iavelotz & dards.

The Gallic fleet through a great guard

Of the grand Neptune and his trident marines,
All Provence and Narbo-Martius/Gallia-Narbonnensis bloodied by spears and other thrown weapons so as to keep that great band going.

The 1557 Lyon Du Rosne starts Line 3 with an abbreviated ‘Rousgée’ but the ’68 Rigaud replaces this with ‘Rongée’. These are pretty rare words. (OF ‘rouge’ means red. OF ‘ronge’ means remorse.) I guess this is ‘rougée’ a verb from the noun ‘rouge’ that probably meant ‘bloodied’ but there are also the OF ‘roustir’ (to roast) and OF ‘ronger’ (to gnaw but figuratively to rehash). Wild feasting going on.

A great Gaullish fleet protected by Neptune’s trident then ravages Provence and Gallia Narbonnensis killing in order to sustain itself.

 (Also see the Nostradamus Quatrain IX 64 under the heading AEMATHION)


III  47

 1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Le vieux monarche deschassé de son regne
Aux orients son secours ira querre:
Pour peur des croix pliera son enseigne:
En Mitilene ira pour port et terre.

The old monarch chased out of his realm
His wish for assistance will go out to the Orient:
For fear of the cross he will fold his banner:
In Mitylene he will go to ground.

Line 2, OF ‘querre/quérir’ = search, research, strive for, wish for, require.
Mitylene is a fine and strong-walled Aegean port and chief city of a province/bishopric on the Isle of Lesbos. It was first built BC on a grid plan and it’s name, meaning shellfish-abundant, is not Greek. In the Middle Ages it belonged to the Byzantine Empire but in earlier years it acquired, as a free city, a Roman acqueduct and boasted a gladiatorial arena. In fact it has been an invasion-investment for several pagan empires and once was French, making the old monarch here rather difficult to trace.


We may presume that the Medusine device (See the Nostradamus Quatrain IX 84 in the Article MARBLE TOMBS AND TREASURE) relates to the well-known classical figure of Medusa often portrayed with her hard-yet-soft snakeshead hair dancing around her face menacingly.

Otherwise, it might be the Melusine of Avalon who became a shapeshifting demi-reptilian like her mother before her, although only on one fixed day of each week. There was already a High Medeval ‘yarn’ spun by spinners going about their leisure that she was a modest wife who deliberately concealed her ablutions. One day her husband became too curious and it became only too clear that she was not fully human. Water fairies, such as the Rhinemaiden Lorelei or the Lady of the Lake, were a widespread European myth before Rome’s Christianity became enforced upon pagan Europe and numerous references to the Melusine appeared in literature and art.

Alternatively, the cenotaph of a Roman called Marcus Caelius was discovered with a serpentine motif in the short-lived Roman province of Germania. He had died along with the three legions slaughtered by tribesmen at the Battle of Teutoberg Forest. The serpentine status was just below equestrian (rather as ‘George and the Dragon’ portrays that relationship to be) whereas in medicine it represented virtuous attainment and the ‘fiery serpent’ was figuratively held very high in the realm of the spirit. The half-serpent or half-fish was a common figure in the Middle East (of central importance today for the impoverished Dogon tribe of vast Mali who credit all their early and profound astronomical knowledge to alien fish-men who visited Earth before the tribe migrated out of Egypt).
Finally, Minoans could deduce the rank of an official sealholder from his seal impressions and distinguished heirarchically between the hard agate and soft serpentine stones employed. Yet the Chinese ever consider jade to be the very best stone for most purposes because it is hard within and yielding without.


 III 10

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

 De sang & faim plus grande calamité
Sept fois s’apreste à la marine plage,
Monech de faim, lieu prins, captivité,
le grand mené croc en ferrée caige.

A very great calamity of blood and starvation
Seven times it readies itself at the ocean side,
Monaco from hunger captured, the place seized,
The great curve conducted away in a cage of iron.

In the Masoretic text of the Septuagint the similarly-spelt Molech is an Ammonite demi-god to whom followers sacrificed their children. Sick enough? Despite the forebiddings in Leviticus, ‘Solomon’ was said to have built a high place for him in the mountains. Or could ‘monech’ be a form of ‘monès’, animal hides? Or else ‘monne/mone’ meaning monkey, as it was used in 1558 by Thévet in his “Singularitez de la France antarctique, autrement nommee Amerique”? Then could Monech be Münster and the ‘marine plage’ be the city walls under seige waves? Not really watery enough? Could Monech be Monaco? It’s certainly watery enough and well worth the besieging.



VI 46

 1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Vn iuste sera en exil renouyé,
Par pestilence aux confins de Nonseggle:
Responce au rouge le fera defouyé,
Roy retirant à la Rane & à l’aigle.

A high-minded one established in exile,
Through ill-health he is laid-up at Nonsuch:
His answer to the question of a religieuse will be misconstrued,
This King withdraws back to the Queen and to the eagle.

Line 4, ‘Rane’ is an OF equivalent of ‘Royne’, the Queen.

Nonseggle sounds pretty Scandinavian, judging by the name of the ‘hyper transports’ built by Mr. Koenisegg. Or it could easily be Nonsuch the modern palace built by Henry VIII at Cuddington, Ewell, Surrey, England still uncompleted at Henry’s death in 1547 and now an empty space/public park.

Last thoughts on this inscrutable quatrain (except if you are the subject of it):

The Chinese Book of Changes says that whenever one is injured without he returns within the family.

In Line 4 he withdraws to fly upon an eagle, the spirited symbol of regeneration:

Renew itself as an eagle doth thy youth.” Psalm 103, 5 (Youngs Literal Translation Bible)


In Europe, as everywhere, the folk from the activity-based North have spread out ruthlessly across the leisure-loving South especially Italy and the Eastern Mediterranean. Normans of Normandy in France were to invade England in 1066, or thereabout, inevitably Normanizing the island. The largely-ignorant kingsmen and nobles of Normandy and England formed the backbone of the dreadful anti-Cathar Christian Crusade.

The border landmarks of Norman territories – such as Mont St. Michel – are cheerfully disputed by their neighbours even today. The Island of Jersey belonged to William as its King even before he became the famous Conqueror and today is administered as if it were a property of the Crown of Great Britain (except when it suits the two establishments otherwise, of course). As it is neither a part of England nor France it is treated as a SpecialTerritory by the EU. Arguably it is decadent Norman at heart. Demanding proof of the encroaching, expansive Normans over their many territorial claims was a widespread antique activity.

A further ‘Norman proof’: the impossibly rich Catholic Church launched an unbelievably brutal assault for two decades on the passive ‘Cathars’ vowed to poverty in Languedoc Occitania. (Possibly the first true ‘Christian nation’ in history and led by gnostically enlightened priestly lords “quite the equal of any Secular Government” according to Voltaire.) The execution was by a conscript field of Normans led first by the butchering Simon de Montfort Senior. His namesake son was to become England’s inititiating parliamentarian, proving that you never can tell how the kids are going to turn out! After Simon was hammered into the ground, literally, the armed forces of rich prelates competing for a Papal promise of Eternal Life and Remission of Sins were led by Robert the Bugger. A ‘proof’ was extracted mercilessly from the leading ‘cathar’, the good Count of Toulous, in humiliating conditions of personal degradation and over an extended period. (A drawn-out sequence of ‘confessions’ to the superiority of the Catholic Church was the platform upon which he signed-over dozens of major properties, castles and fine environs.)

Nevertheless, after about twenty years things started to change under external political influences and new marriage links and it was the wealthy oppressor-monks with their princely entourages who were slaughtered and those Papally-mandated appropriations by the ‘Norman Crusaders’, which included even foreign-owned and Crown estates seized in Southern France, that had by then became challenged for proof in turn.


Michel de Nostredame fashionably signed himself/lent the name ‘Michael Nostradamus’ across the Centuries (see the Article EDITIONS OF THE CENTURIES) although I do not call him that for reasons I state on the HOME page.

To calculate roughly the number of combinations of a given number of letters found in a word, we can start with the number of letters and multiply by the next decreasing number until we get down to 1. NOSTRADAMUS = 39,916,800. Of course the number of actual words available by anagram is much, much smaller but what is it? Nostredame employed an ‘Original Fragment French’ (see the homepage) compiled from several dialects, as distinct as many languages, and nouns borrowed from abroad as well as demonstrating his cultured grasp of Latin and Greek. He also allowed what are now called ‘subliminal’ anagrams i.e. lacking the perfection of the crossword-puzzlemaker’s anagrammatism. There is no way to be sure of noticing all the anagrams but many websites will figure out some of the possible anagrams of any word entered and that can help, though for me they take up too much time.

Here’s my latest unaided and spontaneous effort, ‘NOSTRADAMUS: A STORM AND US’.

And in French? Here are 2 one-word anagrams (each a ‘near-miss’ by our modern crossword-compiler rules) using a search engine:

Transmuas/transmuer (In mod Fr. = The one who can transmute base metals into precious metals/to change the nature of a substance, to metamorphose, to transform, to transmute) In OF = to transform/to transport elsewhere.

Surmontas/surmonter (mod. Fr. =  to surmount or vanquish/to be in victory over) OF to rise above or to raise somebody in rank or to introduce yourself in a way that abundance overflows.

Here’s one for ‘de Nostredame’:

Admonestée/admonester, OF = to remonstrate or to attract somebody’s attention to something.

I cannot think of an OF anagram for ‘Michel de Nostredame’ (please prove me wrong) but
Télécommanderais, mod.Fr., suggests to command at a distance.



Modern Italian favours ‘nero’ above ‘negro’ as the regular noun for black.



Nostredame could have had four sources for Ogmion,

i) The figure Ogmios wearing a lion-skin and carrying a club who was like Hercules in some respects but was a god to the Celts

ii) The little Celtic idol of Ogmios described by Lucian as holding its listeners’ ears to its tongue by golden chains.

iii) The historic Og was the gigantic and strong Amorite king, last of the Rephaim, who is in the Q’ran and the Bible. He was alive in Noah’s day(s) yet was defeated in battle by Moses. His capital was at Ashtaroth. Yahweh in Deuteronomy tells Moses that Og’s people are a gift for him to kill, including all the children, and he may also carry away all the loot for himself and his army. Sick, no?

IV) A remote viewing of the future.

Unfortunately for us, Michel neither clearly identified him nor explored his role in our future. Is Nostredame’s Ogmion a man of the future or a man of the past?

From the Epistle to the King;

The allotted reign of the Antichrist will last no longer than the proscribed period, close to the closure of the Age, the same for the other in the city of Plancus accompanied by the elect/elevated Modone Fulci, through Ferrare, supported by the  Adriatic Ligurians, under the grace of the great Trinacrie: Then the Gallic Ogmios, will pass the Mont Louis/Mount Joux accompanied by so great a number that the faraway Empire of his great law will have evinced itself and for that time and some time after the profuse bloody wounds of the Innocents will be dressed by the observers and alleviated a little: then by great inundations the memory of the things governed by such instruments will sustain an immeasurable loss, the same for the book knowledge

Apart from the many explanations for the Trinacrie, as mentioned above, that I have explored at length in my notes to this section of the Epistle there is the vague possibility that the city of TROY homeland of the Tricasses, is intended. The Romans named it Augustobona Tricassium, later Tricassae. Troyes is located at a nodal point on the Via Agrippa in France.

There is a wider view of Nostredame’s ‘Ogmion’ expressed as a footnote to THE LATE DOLORES CANNON”S ANTICHRIST ‘ACCORDING TO NOSTRADAMUS’

For an extensive review of the more usual interpretations see the interesting website


 II 73

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Au lac Fucin de Benac le riuaige
Prins du Leman au port de l’Orguion:
Nay de troys bras predict belliq image,
Par troys couronnes au grand Endymion.

From Lake Garda is a watermargin/marsh to LakeFucino
Taken from Lake Leman/Le Mans to the port of the Orguion:
Born with three arms projecting a warlike image,
By three crowns to the great Endymion.

Benaco is Lake Garda in Northern Italy. LakeFucino , now reclaimed, was in Central Italy.  Leman is either Lake Leman at Geneva or else Le Mans (Cité de Plantagenet) in France on the Sarte river. An inhabitant would be called a manceau or mancelle. Henry II of England was born and baptized there.

(‘Sarte’ and ‘mancelles’ are available jumbled into the letters of the first couplet and ‘Cité de Plantagenet’ is available from the quatrain as a whole. However, Lac Leman and Geneve may also be teased out with no more than marginal difficulty!)

The Nostradamus Quatrain IX 33 has the partial phrase ‘Gaule trois Guion’, by the way. Is ‘Orguion’ a Gold Guion? Or is the Orguion the Ogmion, based in all probability upon Ogmios the charismatic Celtic-Gallic equivalent to classical Hercules?

Triple deities were plentiful enough in pagan Gaul. Not only the classical goddess trinities or three-in-one deities but any deity that links in some way to the notion of 3. Perhaps by sporting three names, three images, three functions, three homelands etc. The demi-gods or goddesses of Lines 3 and 4 could be of these.

There are two good candidates for Endymion consort of Selene. One was a mythical Greek shepherd famed for his good looks. The other was an ancient astrologer. Both are connected by occupation to Selene the Moon goddess.

From a Nostredame composition on May 13, 1562,

“What a monstrous barbarity exercised against Christians! We live in an abominable period, and the worst is yet to come.”

“Last February, the Estates General was held in Provence; they spoke mostly of religious questions. The popular ‘Hydra’ did everything to prevent evangelical preaching, but nevertheless each city had its own ministers there. At Aix, capitol of Provence and seat of parliament, the cathedral…used gold to buy the services of a nobleman, one Flassans. He used terror tactics against partisans of the Christian religion.”

Here the partisans of the Christian religion are Lutherans, presumably, as these evangelicals are contrasted with the clergy of cathedralled Catholicism. (Although first-millennium Christianity was, of course, evangelical and the clerical cult inspired by Gregory the Great, d. 604, took a direct path from Rome through Gaul to England and over to Ireland.)

The Hydra was a mythical monstrosity with plural heads and may be well employed to describe any departmental bureaucracy or organization with many doors and faces.  This may fit to Nostredame having stated in the Epistle to the King (probably never sent) that he received his visions directly from God. Today all Christian churches hold that there is no direct path to God, i.e. without them being the plaintiff’s mediator. But the non-Catholic churches, excepting perhaps the fundamentalist congregations, are seemingly more flexible on the matter and back then even the Church may have suggested some area of personal freedom in the relationship with God. Certainly Nostredame’s reference to a direct divine inspiration is not in accord with either Catholicism or Christian fundamentalism as we know it.

And also my son, I entreat you please that you never employ your understanding to those reveries and conceits which desiccate the body and put the soul into perdition, spreading disorder to the weakened senses: the same for the vanity of the most execrable magic, particularly disapproved of by the sacred scriptures and the divine  decrees at the head whereof, apart from the judgment upon Judicial Astrology: by the which, and realizing inspiration and divine revelation throughout our continuing computations, they have written down our prophecies. And as much as this mystical Philosophy was not rejected, they have at no time desired to present their own unbridled convictions, so much that several volumes which were hidden long through the centuries were made evident to me. But rather, questioning what could happen, I upgraded my knowledge thereof by perusal of these and afterwards gifted them to Vulcan the which god however came to devour them greedily, the incandescence rose into the air rendering a strange clearness, more clear than that of a natural blaze, like the fiery luminescence of claw lightning, illumination going all around the house as if it were suffering through fire.  As if for this to occur was not staggering enough, thoroughly examining that perfect transformation, as much of the Moon as of the Sun and molten precious metals, these had by mystical waves changed to ashes.  

This excerpt from the Preface to Cesar covers de Nostredame over types of Astrology and specifically mentions the one by which Michel ate his daily bread. In this combined statement (incorporating desire-fuelled substance abuses, Church controls, a deviant priest cronyism, the demi-godly responses to book-burning and, especially, a strange light) he says that he despised magic and had destroyed certain books to avoid suspicion falling upon his inheritors, having read these books only once, but stresses that they burned strangely with an unnaturally fierce light. Nostredame seems to have believed in some degree of magic but seems to link it with vanity, I think meaning a fascination leading to an immodest diversion from the true spiritual path more than just egocentricity as we might see it today.



Nostradame seems to have taken names for French localities and cited them lined up together to form a text  that phonetically implies Na-po-leon.



1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Le procreé naturel dogmion,
De sept à neuf du chemin destorner
A roy de longue et amy aumi hom,
Doit à Nauarre fort de P A V prosterner.

The mess-making inherent to the hot-type method of printing, with its simultaneous dictations, seems at its peak here. I offer to you a logical restatement by me, still in OF, of Nostradamus Quatrain VIII 44 which I hope is slightly more satisfactory reading:

Le procreé naturel d’Ogmion,
De sept à neuf du chemin déstorner
À roy de longue et armée au mi hom,
Doit à Navarre fort de Pau prosterner.

The natural begotten of Ogmion,
From seven to nine to turn aside from the way
To the distant king and his army, halved in numbers,
Put down by the bloodstream of Navarre the strong one of Pau.

Line 2, OF ‘chemin’ = path, route or way. What occurs from 7 to 9 is 8, numerologically suggesting the greatest good and greatest bad occuring almost at the same time. Or these could be angles of degree.

Line 3. Either the OF ‘ami au mi hom’ means friend to the half-man (See the entry DEMY-HOMME) or the ‘mi’ links somehow to ‘chemin’ in Line 3 (mi-chemin = ‘à la moitié de la distance’,  at half the distance, halfway OR as the OF ‘hom/homme’ in military usage means a warrior, soldier or combattant this would make ‘au mi hom’ mean at half strength.

Line 4, OF ‘doit’ is a waterway, a current, a canal or channel. OF ‘prosterner’ means to put down or overthrow or else to worship or prostrate oneslf, otherwise the courtly act of submission by body movement. Pau was the birthplace of Henri de Navarre, later Henri IV de France et Navarre. He straddled two nations and was clever with his words making Catholics and Protestants, French and Navarres alike feel he was on their side really or on both sides at once. His famous phrase whilst still a Hugeonot was “Paris is worth a Mass” which strenthens the Catholics politically whilst denaturing the spiritual solemnity of the Catholic Mass simultaneously. Incidentally, Pau was an Occitanian given name.



1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Premier grand fruit le prince de Pesquiere
Mais puis viendra bien & cruel malin,
dedans Venise perdra sa gloire fiere
Et mys à mal par plus ioyue Celin.

Firstly great fruit from the prince of Pesquiere/Peschiera in the region of Venice
But then will come true cruelty and wickedness,
In Venice he loses his proud glory
And is put down by the more ‘ioyue’ Celin/Selin.

Line 4, OF ‘ioyue’ is obscure. Maybe it is ‘jouer/joyeux’, joyful or else ‘iyone/jeune’, youthful.

 PORT SELYN port Selin

II 1

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

VERS Aquitaine par insults Britanniques,
De par eux mesmes grandes incursions:
Pluies, gelées seront terroirs iniques,
Port Selyn fortes sera inuasions

Towards Aquitaine and through the British isles,
Though these themselves great incursions:
Rains, frosts will turn the terrain unevenly,
Port Selyn strong will be the hostile attack.

Ancient Aquitaine still exists, somewhat shrunken. It suffers/boasts a special geography. Coasts, mountains, estuary, the largest area of sand dunes in Europe, the biggest pine forest in Western Europe. The port of Bordeaux is the main entry point of people and ideas to France in the South. The life and circumstances of Eleanor of Aquitaine, d.1204, spanned France and England. She was mother of England’s French-speaking son, Richard Ist, the Crusader and Lionheart of “Dieu et mon Droit”, who became preoccupied with putting down Aquitaine’s rebellious nobles. He also held the County of Poitiers. In 1181 Richard faced down a noble revolt in his inherited County of Angouleme. There Richard was accused of ignoble cruelties including rape, “He carried off by force the wives, daughters and female relatives of his free men, and made them his concubines; and after … he handed them over to his soldiers for whoring.” Roger of Hoveden (who also described the sugeon who removed Richard’s fatal arrow as “a butcher”). That was at Limousin where he strangely besieged a rather hapless minor castle and a boy bearing a frying pan and armed with a crossbow hit him from the battlements as he strode around carelessly, sans armour, inspecting the sapping work that was being done.

Another history that could fit depends on an irregular translation. If Aquitaine is the nearest Nostredame could get to Argentina then we are at the Falkland Islands War of 1982.

‘Port Selyn fortes fera’ contains hidden the name ‘Stanley’, the port, airfield, main town and major military objective.

This war turned political heads, internationally. How could Britain mount such an attack/defence from 8,000 miles distant, let alone destroy the Argentinian armed forces and their military government to boot? In fact, as well as the fierce opening conflicts by sea and air the emphasis on Special Forces deployment was beyond the norm and the central strategy of wholly surprising the Argentinian army at the rear of their encampment by a forced march across some of the worst terrain imaginable, despite that there was a direct ‘frontal attack’ available, carried the land assault to a winning conclusion.

War was declared as a result of some visiting Argentinian scrap metal merchants hoisting their national flag at some deserted point on these inhospitable British islands near to Argentina. The fact of their having no real value to Great Britain was offset by the islands being stationed at critical sealanes for any future shipping that carried minerals excavators to, or precious cargoes from, Antarctica. There is not yet any firm proof that valuable minerals are even accessible in Antarctica but many countries have laid claim to owning areas of it, just in case, and most shipping would need to pass the Falklands and other British protectorates in the South Atlantic.

Argentina is the most Europeanized of the Latin American countries, a modernizing process that helped nearly bankrupt them. There are almost 800 Falkland Islands. They are as far South as the Scottish Isles are far North and equally wet and cold. Britain and Argentina had been in contention since before 1833 over these islands that have zero native inhabitants.

Port Stanley (Port Selyn) had become isolated (insuls) by South American countries refusing to authorise flights to Stanley as the economy-damaging junta in Argentina diverted attention from themselves by whipping up nationalistic feelings. The scrap merchant’s flag was the final insult?

 I 94

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Au port Selin le tyran mis à mort
La liberté non pourtant recouurée:
Le nouueau Mars par vindicte & remort
Dame par force de frayeur honorée

At Port Stanley the junta will be put down
However liberty will not be recovered:
The new Mars by vindication and remit
The lady is honoured by dint of terror.

This quatrain links to the Nostradamus Quatrain II 1 above.

Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was deeply unpopular by 1982. Roadside billboards had once foretold that every person in Britain ‘will be 850 pounds per annum better off once the North Sea oil flows in 1980’. This money had been diverted to an agenda of social engineering. A policy of Full Employment was dismantled and three million people had become unemployed. Employers who once feared their Bank Manager hearing about layoffs were encouraged by her to take a bow and give themselves a pay-rise for successful cost-cutting. In fact, she was partially right because manufacture was soon to fly to the impoverished Eastern nations, reducing Birmingham to an industrial museum. But the voters were disgruntled and blamed difficult times on this new leader. Meanwhile, General Galtieri was defraying angry worker’s strikes in Argentina by pointing to ‘Las Malvinas’ and rabble-rousing. The military junta made a diplomatic error. Many countries play the ‘islanding’ game. For example, the empty Spratley Islands in the China Sea, next to suspected oil beds, have been settled by every country thereabouts at some time or other, including small miltary camps ‘pitching tent’ temporarily as a kind of claimant’s exclamation mark. The junta had planned the same – under 500 men – but actually deposited far more. Naturally the British sought to eject them by force alone because their numbers had exceeded the critical. Argentina closed its ears to diplomacy. Over one billion pounds was spent by Britain on this war and expensive-to-replace super-soldiers such as Special Forces Sergeants and men died in unacceptable numbers. Many British Navy and Airforce personnel had perished horribly. Aerial detructions and fire at sea. Thatcher doubtless agreed that a whole shipful of young Argentinian cannon-fodder conscripts spotted by a British submarine should be sunk with no survivors. La dame un peu laid sans mercy.

The Argentinian junta fell from power soon after Stanley was recovered by the British. Mrs.Margaret ‘rejoice, rejoice’ Thatcher got beloved by the British people as a winning war leader, as if she were WWII’s Winston Churchill returned to life. She was vindicated and her crafted election remits became supported almost totally irrationally. With President Reagan as her adoring ally she proceeded to manipulate the Press, commercialize Non-Profit Organizations, run-down and sell-off the government cheap housing pool for poor workers, create an impoverished vagabond class and start the Parliamentary slide towards hidden elitism and Money as King on both sides of the House. After the war, fifty percent of the Falkands population were defending services personnel. The matter is still open-ended diplomatically.


I 42

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Le dix kalendes d’Apuril de faict Gotique
Resuscué encor par gens malins:
le feu estainct, assemblée diabolique
Cherchant les or du d’Amant & Pselyn.

In the 1557 Lyon Du Rosne edition Line 2 starts with ‘Rescucité’ and Line 4 has ‘les os’ instead of ‘les or’ whilst the final name in the quatrain is mutated to ‘Prelin’.

The tenth of the Calends of April in the Gotique manner
Revived again by malignant persons:
The fire extinguished, diabolic assembly
Searching for the gold of ‘d’Amant and Pselyn’.

The Roman writer Michael Psellus was more an onlooker than a demonic worshipper. He recorded his diabolic observations in ‘De Demonibus’ which was most probably read by Michel de Nostredame.

Milton’s ‘Moloch horrid King’ in Paradise Lost was a demi-god of a pre-Canaanite nation of Jordan whose capital city was known as ‘Rabbah of Ammon’. Without the capital ‘d’amant’ would mean lover. For a sparkling explanation of ‘d’Amant’ see the Nostradamus Quatrain

If this truly is alchemy then, per se, these ‘gens malins’ should probably not succeed in a transmutation attempt.



IV 8

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

La grand cité d’assaut prompt repentin
Surprins de nuict, gardes interrompus
Les excubies & veilles saint Quintin
Trucidés, gardes & les pourtails rompus.

The great city assault undergone unhesitatingly
Surprises by night, the guards startled
The look-outs and the watch of St. Quintin
Wiped out, the guards and the gates broken.

Line 3, OF ‘excubies/veilles’ = the nightwatch.

A militarily efficient night assault on the gatehouse of St. Quentin, NorthernFrance, probably sometime after the Third Century when the Roman martyr Quintinus died.



 See IX 44 in the Nostradamus Quatrains ‘IX 65  VIII 28 and IX 44 SAMPLING THE ‘68 RIGAUD

 RAYPOZ  – a seemingly made-up name, possibly fit for an Antichrist (and there already have been many, as mentioned long ago by the Gospel writer ‘John’).

RAY = Ra/Re?

POZ = ΡΟΣ from the Greek ΟΡΟΣ = the suffix oros?

Here Michel Nostradame has substituted the ‘ς with ‘z’ (as he often does in French with ‘s’ and ‘z’)

‘oros’ sounds like Horus

RAYPOZ = ra oros = Ra Horus?

OF, ‘râpe’ means a rasp or a grater. OF ‘oz/os’ means bones including as a relic of a saint.

Phonetically, there is a slight similarity between RAYPO(Z) and PAU NAY (LORON). For more on ‘Old Bonie’ see the Article ADDENDUM on PAU NAY LORON.


X 70

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

L’oeil par obiect sera telle excroissance,
Tant & ardante que tumbera la neige,
Champ arrousé viendra en deseroissance, (de se croissance?)
Que le primat succumbera à Rege.

Perceptibly it (boxthorn/Lycium) will make exemplary growth,
As great and sparkling as snow that falls,
The fields will become overfilled by it as it holds to growth,
Such that the firstcomer succumbs to its Regnance.

All plants will fight for space. Some are deadly, they starve and throttle or even smother any more delicate genus that stands in their invasive path. Humble garden mint must be contained or it will take over the garden. Japanese knotweed destroys previously useable land and resists any attempt at extrication, its roots travelling in a mesh underground. Boxthorn – lycium –spreads similarly and has fairly vicious spikes to protect itself with. The types Nostredame foresees taking over neglected spaces across France is silvery and used in herbal medication.

Line 1, OF ‘L’oeil/œil’ means the eye or ‘Le Soleil’ the Sun, or the silvery thorny plant Lycium.

Line 2, OF ‘tant’ is old Occitan for ‘so great’. OF ‘ardent” = what is on fire or who is lighting incendiaries, throwing flames, burning, cutting, vividity, redness, intense with desire. As a metonym; spark, sparkle, sparkling. OF ‘succumbera’ is used passively to suggest defeat (but could be employed actively in the sense ‘to succumb somebody’).

Line 4, OF ‘primat’ was an Archbishop governing several diocese or the Pope. This hierarchical term was derived from primacy, pre-eminence or a superiority in the order of things.

Line 4 ends with a noun starting with a capital ‘R’ which Nostradamus researchers commonly translate as Reggio, an important city of Calabria at the toe of Italy (OR Regium Lepidi/Reggio Emilia, North Italy)

although OF ‘rege’ is a row or measure of vines or perhaps a screen or else a gauze for sifting. Is this “the thin veil between the worlds” beloved by poets and psychics and to which the Pope symbolically holds the key? Rege can also be a plural for Rex, the King, or stands alone as Magnus.

‘De Karolo rege et Leone papa’ edited by F. Brunhölzl is a modern publication of an epic poem about Charlemagne who dreams, during a day of hunting, that Pope Leo III has lost his sight in battle. It is restored miraculously. Three of the four books are missing. This quatrain could even have been based on a poetic description of his dying eyesight/miraculous retoration of his eyoesight. during this epic poem.

It so happens that LXX (70) is also the conventional abbreviation for the revered Septuagint (the most famous Koine Greek version of the Hebrew Bible, “the translation of the 70 interpreters”) as referenced in the New Testament. The Christian Bible in the Fifth Century follows the OT book order from the Septuagint but Christianity is divided over the inclusion of books from its so-called ‘Biblical Apocrypha’.

It seems that a common opinion among some humanists of the Renaissance was that the LXX translators misinterpreted the tricky translation from Hebrew consonants and that its essence had become more corrupt over time. The Jews certainly suspected this and when forced out of Hellenic lands into Persian places abandoned it completely. At the same time it was widely adopted by early Jesus Worshippers for its useful availabilty to them. Here was a major divergence from Judaism, especially as the Greek-language versions support the ‘Christ’ rather than the ‘Messiah’.


A noun variously used by Nostredame. The English expression ‘relax’ once referred to fatally extreme interrogation or execution (as in ‘his body was tortured until relaxed whereupon the corpse was thrown into a trench’) such as by the Spanish Inquisition or the French Revolutionaries. ‘Repos’ might be construed this way in some texts.

The name Robespierre contains all the letters of the word ‘repos’ and rings of the ‘bloody Guillotine’. (Thank you, MD’s Marat and Guillot for your hypocratic medical contribution to the world.)


The Roman Empire united Europe with Christian religious beliefs and rituals on the one hand and a common body of commercial law and custom well beyond that which exists even today in most countries that were never subjected to Roman rule. People tend to confuse Italy with Rome. The early history of Rome was heavily punctuated with wars inside the ItalicPeninsula. Today the tiny Romans (5ft was a tall Roman) have virtually disappeared (despite a couple of my ex-classmates sporting Roman noses and a younger pupil boasting a purely Latin family name).

Here is the second of two consecutive paragraphs from Polybius following on from the entry for CARTHAGE

“But the capacity in which the Roman republic is most clearly superior in my opinion is the nature of their religious beliefs. I think this is the very thing that among other peoples is an object of reproach, I mean superstition, which maintains the cohesion of the Roman state. These issues are dressed-up with pomp and introduced to such an extent in their public and private life that nothing that might surprise could exceed it. My personal opinion is that at least they have adopted this way for the good of the people. This is a course that might not have been necessary if it had been possible to form a government composed of the wise but as every multitude is fickle, full of lawless desires, irrational violent passion and anger, the multitude must be kept in the fold by invisible fears and unified with pageantry.”

There has been more than just the one sacking of Rome. In 1525 Emperor Charles V led his forces against the army of the Kingdom of France at Pavia in Italy and the King François Ier was captured. He was released a whole year later. In early May 1527 the Imperial troops attacked an undefended Rome. The German, Italian and Spanish Catholic soldiers stayed in Rome until December 1527 when plague threatened them. Seems they spent their time in murder, pillage, torture and rape.

VI 20 

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

 L’vnion faincte/saincte fera peu de duree,
Des vns changés reformés la pluspart:
Dans les vaisseaux sera gent enduree,
Lors aura Rome vn nouueau liepart.

The conjured holy union will be of short duration,
Those who change are for the most part reformed:
Inside their enclosure will be people bravely enduring,
Then shall Rome have its new leopard.

This hexagram revolves around its final word, OF ‘liepart’ or Lleopard. This is akin to Nimrod, an exalted social leader of most ancient times later deified by the title Ba’al, Our Lord. Life must have been perilous back then, at least to the traveller, with intrusions or assaults by wild animals an underlying danger. But people are more dangerous than animals and Nimrod was hailed in his time as personifying this facet of the human victory over all. As a young man he was titled the Leopard Hunter but later in his life he was called The Leopard as he often wore a leopard’s skin, they say. (That bit sounds legendary and fanciful to me). The trio of Nimrod the Lord of Heaven, Tammuz (Thomas?) the Messiah and Semiramis (Miriam?) the Queen of Heaven became a prototype for numerous national/regional god-family trinities. Both Nimrod and Semiramis proved adept at conquering many other lands. Any ‘indestructible’ man or messiah automatically qualifies as a military symbol for leading hoisted into battle with unvanquishable relish.

Line 1, OF ‘faincte’ might be this translator’s fancy or could possibly mean ‘feint’ or ‘feindre’, a feint or else to feign. These imply something imaginary or invented, conjured into existence. The more regular OF ‘saincte’ means holy. The typeface of the time did not distinguish between ‘f’ or ‘s’. In this instance we may feel more satisfied to consider all possible meanings simultaneously.

Line 2, OF ‘change’ means to make a change and may suggest ‘at an angle to the main thrust’ or ‘off the perpendicular’. These conformists to deviance are soon reformed, it seems. There are people who by gender or position feel obliged to behave as good or bad when society and the family tells them that is the way to be. But as society changes position on human values so do they. They seem solid as logs, even to themselves, but are driftwood following the stream. OF ‘reformés/reformer’ has, unfortunately, two variants: re-educated, retrained OR to repair/rebuild what is damaged.

Line 3, OF ‘vaisseaux’ or ‘vaucel/vallon’ or crock or vessel (see the entry VRNEL VAUCILE) can suggest bounded containment engineered for coping with the vagaries of water and air; the canals/channels/veins. OF ‘endurer’ is quite close to ‘indurare’ and means to support suffering or injuries with courage and patience/to be capable of enduring suffering. Though fenced-in with no clear view some people will bravely endure. It follows that those who are sealed out by this system of enclosure must support sufferings. But not for long.

Line 4 so points to Rome as the centre of globalism. As the wealthiest of all the wealthy churches, Catholicism is able to pick up dissenting priests of all stripes who reject any local attempt to ‘update’ them so as to counter falling attendances and incomes. But a dominant global governance at least part-reasonably demands a collective global religion. This world is indeed reaching the extreme point of its novel yet equally faulty religion called Reason, God help us all.  The new leopard of Rome called be a Nimrod, a new voice in the wilderness or simply a technocratic Constable.



 VI 5

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Si grand Famine par vnde pestifere.
Par pluye longue le long du polle arctique:
Samarobryn cent lieux de l’hemispere,
Viuront sans loy exemp de pollitique.

So great a famine through a wave of pestilences/a pestilent wave.
By long rains the length of the Arctic Pole:
Samarobryn one hundred leagues from the hemisphere,
They will live without law, exempt from politics.

There has been much speculation over Samarobrin and its 100 leagues from the hemisphere.  Samarobrin is perhaps a Latin anagram of ‘marins orba’ which is possibly ‘orphaned from the sea’ but probably means something like ‘navigator’s craft in orbit’. OF ‘amarrions’ from ‘amarrer’ is quite a close subliminal anagram of ‘Samarobrin’. It means mooring vessels or setting-out boats in lines.

Otherwise, perhaps Narbonne in Septimania is Samarobrin? A fantasy combination of the ancient placenames Narbo Martius and Mars Narbon?

Commentators of the last half of the Twentieth Century have recognised that the most likely way to be 100 leagues from the hemisphere is to go straight up, an amost unthinkable idea in the Sixteenth Century. Out in Space one lives without the law of gravity and no political force can reach one. Samarobryn could be derived as a subliminal anagram from Mars Narbon, or Samarobrin from Narbo Martius. ‘Mars Orba’, literally ‘Mars orphan’, or ‘Mars orbita’, ‘warrior in orbit’, or ‘Mars en Orbita’, ‘see Mars orbit’, is another reasonable bet.

While it is unclear why the name ‘Narbonne’ should be hiding in the letters of Line 3, the implication of the term ‘Samarobryn’ would seem to be a martial platform in space. The use of the word ‘unde’, wave, is interesting. Whilst a fusion piece requires particles a wave weapon is surely also waiting for us in the wings.

Another clue to the enigmatic name is to be found in Nostradamus Quatrain II 59: see the entry MARS NARBON and also the entry MABUS  also SAMOTHRACE

IV 38

 1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Pendant que duc,roy,royne occupera
Chef Bizant dn (sic) captif en Samothrace:
Auant l’assauit l’vn l’autre mangera:
Rebours ferré suyura du sang la trasse.

While Kings, Queens and Dukes are in their place
The leader of Bizant is a captive in Samothrace:
Before the knowing the one will eat the other:
A hostile psychopath will follow the bloody traces.

Line 4, OF ‘ferré’ means an iron rail/someone incapable of emotion. Or perhaps this should be the old Occitan ‘ferrire’, a striker. The printer’s ‘f’ and ‘s’ being indistinguishable, in fact the same, suggests this might be ‘serré’ but this word does not seem to have existed. However, OF ’serrer’ is to bring vigorously together or else to bar the door.

Samothrace is one of the Greek islands in the Aegean. It is mountainous (MountMoon) with no natural harbour. The Sanctuary of the Gods was a place where rites to Eleusinian-type cult mysteries took place and this island was visited internationally by novices and initiates. Nostredame may have been one or seen the rite as the almost unfathomable second couplet seems to describe an initiation involving captive humiliation and ritual blood despite the social position and lofty rank of the novice. A second century BC large marble statue of Nike the goddess of victory has been found there, headless of course.

Palaeopoli, the walled city at Samothrace, has the letters of its name jumbled up in the quatrain as a whole.


 This name appears variously in the ‘Opera Nostradamus’ as the individuals known as Selin, Celin and Seline and also has the soundalikes Pselin and the port Selin as well as the Selin sea (above).

Selin is a noun from Turkish or Greek that necessarily evokes thoughts of the Moon, like the name Celine. It seems capable of being used as a nounal adjective. (See the entry CHYREN selin)

Selene was the Greek Moon-goddess, also called Mene, the female equivalent of the male Moon-god Men. She played a part in the Dionysian and Eleurian Mysteries and the rites of Delphi. Her Consort was Endymion and her symbol was variously a crescent, a hound, a raised cloak, a bull, a rooster, and torchlight.

Curiously the Greek goddess Selene had both the bull and a raised cloak among her symbols, the ingredients of a bull fight. There may be some harmony between the chiming words ‘Selene’ and ‘Solon’. The East Mediterranean Empire of the Minoans was the greatest of the age and was very highly developed in all ways (including close parallels to the tale of mythical Atlantis) yet it dissapeared suddenly from the face of History. ‘Solon’ was the Egyptian personage referenced by Plato as the source of a literary description of Atlantis. In his book ‘Timmaeus’ Plato placed the storytale Atlantis to the West of the Pillars of Hercules. This is possibly a ‘folk memory’ of Minoan Crete, since destroyed by Nature and displaced to a greater sea much like a ‘fisherman’s tale’ legend. As the Santorinas volcanic eruption-tsunami was one of the greatest in olden times (c.1450BC) we can surmise that the giant seawave travelled about a kilometer inland around Crete sinking naval and fishing craft alike and dragging coastal settlements, towns and cities into total destruction. It may even have propelled rivers into reverse flow.

For the Minoans the bull was their symbol and their sport and that old volcanic soil upon which they developed such high agriculural practices possibly rose and fell rhythmically at times, like a leaping bull. Indeed, ancient descriptions of the END TIME (fires seen in the sky, showering of whitehot ash blown by the wind across the heavens in straightened curves like shooting stars, excessively loud volcanic explosions and repeated earth tremors leading to a sustained 24 x 7 black-out) and even the Deluge could have been bolstered by this legendary yet historic event.

VI 58  

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Entre les deux monarques esloignés,
Lors que le Sol par Selin clair perdue:
simulte grande entre deux indignés,
Qu’aux isles & Sienne la liberté rendue.

Between the two remote monarchs,
When the Sun by Selin loses clarity:
When the Sun is lost through Selin becoming clear:
Great enmity between two indignant ones,
Freedom is restored to the Isles and Siena.

VI 78 

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Crier victoire du grand Selin croissant,
Par les Romains sera l’Aigle clamé ,
Turin, Milan, & Gennes n’y consent,
Puis par eulx mesmes Basil grand reclamé .

Proclaim the victory of the great Selin crescent,
By the Romans will the Eagle be demanded,
Turin, Milan and Genoa/Geneva will not consent thereto,
Then through those things/their selfs the great Basil will be enjoined.

Line 4, OF ‘reclame’ as a noun is the song of a calling bird. The verb means to call for or claim help from a saint or divinity, pleading, prayers.

In the 1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud edition Turin is altered to Ticcin. (See the entry TIECIN)

Ticino is now a German-speaking Canton that was taken over by the Swiss during the Italian Wars. Carbonara al Ticino is not far from Pavia, Italy. Pavia is on the lower Ticino River and was once called Ticinum. Gennes is in the Maine-et-Loire departement in Western France. (See the entry for GENNES) The import of naming these three areas is not clear but Pavia and Milan have each suffered devastation at some time. Being Italian/Swiss/French they call to mind the Italian Wars and the proprietorship of HRE Charles V over much of the world and its wars at that time.

‘Selin croissant’ is a key clue. The crescent was a symbol of Selene the Moon goddess. Nevertheless, the word ‘croissant’ has its separate meanings based on the notions of development or crossing. It also has specialized French meanings including in cartography, maths and speech articulation. It is certainly well-translated as the passive noun ‘crescent’ but could equally well align with OE ‘crescive’ which is active (much like ‘the moon waxing’) whereas the Christian cross is croissant because by the x-shape it prefigures an act of intersecting. What is really being said here? It depends on whether ‘Selin’ is a person or a place or a movement. It could mean simply the East, the Islamic movement or even the Eastern Orthodox Church.

OF ‘Eulx mesmes’ is not easy to translate. It may be from out of Celestial Science (see the Article CELESTIAL SCIENCE-ART) say the comparative indicator referring to ascending directly along a line with orbits that on a flatted sky chart present a cross-coincidence or alignment, a starry cross or crescent which Nostredame here calls ‘Selin’. Or it could be ‘ceulx mesmes’ meaning ‘those things’, ‘all this’ or ‘circumstances’ rather than ‘eux mêmes’, meaning their selfs.

The reference to Basil is another key. Notions of ‘Basel’ or ‘Basilica’ may be discarded as this is a person or else a manner or idea that he has embodied in his public persona. He is being called forth here, perhaps figuratively, by a cri-de-couer from the like-minded.

The foremost theologian Basil the Great, born 330, was pious and very strict with his clergy. His life coincided with both separatism and nontrinitarianism which he fought in tandem with Gregory Nazianus. He is revered and named as a Saint in both the Western and Eastern systems of Christian sanctity.

The Great Schism 800-1204 was the split between Eastern and Western Christianity, still unresolved. As Jesus (and later Lincoln) reminded us, “A house divided cannot stand”. From the Third Century the Empire became divided. Moving the capital from Rome to Constantinople in 330 was a signal by Constantine the Great that he wanted to rid his Empire of its fascination with the past. What actually happened was a progressive alienation. The Papacy emoted over an emptying Rome. Traditionally Greek was used in culture or education and Latin in administration. A religious schism with Byzantium was intensified by translation errors in important Bible text and the plain exchange of letters. Moreover, the Eastern way was to encourage grass-roots religious education and involvement whereas the Western empire held services exclusively in Latin and serious Bible instruction was reserved for the clergy alone. Rome and Byzantium became played-off against each other for religio-political favours. A national baptism being sought by Bulgaria became a matter of competition. Then the murderous and thieving Papal Crusaders turned their attentions to Byzantine’s holdings.

Pope Inocent III unfaithfully wrote: “God took the Byzantine Empire from the proud and gave it to the meek, from the schismatics to the faithful sons of the Church”. Basil the Great, from his ‘togetherness’ point of view, would have preached-up a far more humble unity and not crowed a unilateral victory.

IV 77

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Selin monarque l’Italie pacifique,
Regnes vnis par Roy Chrestien du monde:
Mourant voudra coucher en terre blesique,
Apres pyrates auoir chassé de l’onde.

Selin the King, Italy peaceful,
Kingdoms united through the Christian King of the World:
Dying he will wish to be laid to rest upon sanctified soil,
After pirates he will have chased from the waves.

The Barbary pirate attacks were common for many centuries at all the Mediterranean islands as well as Spain, Portugal and Italy let alone the ships upon the waves. Theoretically, sea-going vessels were to be spared if an immunity had been purchased by their State. Arrogant in their anti-social effrontery, they were finally chased off the waves during the Nineteenth Century.

‘Blesique’ has been suggested elsewhere as being the Royal Chateau of Blois. There is a Blezique in the Catholic Congo. If, improbably, Nostredame had meant ‘Besique’ then we could be talking out cardboard marriages of Kings and Queens. On balance, blesique is most probably a form of ‘blessed’ as in ‘sanctified by the Church’.

The Twentieth Century King Victor Emmanuel of Italy died in 1947. After abdicating on the eve of the referendum over the Italian monarchy, the King and Queen Elena removed to Alexandria, an Egyptian port city with a traditional mix of ethnic backgrounds including a large Jewish settlement. It also boasts many mosques and can fulfill every rite of the Catholic, Orthodox and CopticChurches. The last Italian King is buried right by the altar in St Catherine’s Cathedral.

As a signatory to the Lateran Treaty between the Papacy and Mussolini in 1929 he helped unite Italy and the Roman Catholic Church, making a state religion of the latter whilst releasing Vatican City and the Latin Holy See as independent and sovereign entities. The papacy ceded any right to take a position on international matters, pledging their neutrality, unless requested to mediate – so taking the Church out of the main political arena. A financial agreement was agreed by Italy. Ironically, in Nostredame’s time such neutering might have seemed a mighty impressive move towards peace in Western Europe and the World.

It would be easy to say that towards the end of WWII the King pushed the piratical Blackshirts to the sea. But VE was himself open to accusations arising from his armed forces crossing the sea to invade helpless Abyssinia in 1936, deposing Haile Selasie with chemical warfare, and invading weak Albania directly across the Adriatic in 1939. Simply the King was cut down to size when the Royal Army proved insufficient to halt the Blackshirt fascists of Mussolini before the beginning of the Second World War. The best thing that could be said is that he passively failed either to rein-in the imperial intents of his Royal Army or to arrest Mussolini’s advance to power. His Kingdom of Italy housed several other small Adriatic states such as Montenegro and vast sectors of North Africa like Libya that previously had provided piratical safe-havens all along their coasts.

The ‘Christian King of the World’ would ordinarily be a strong statement but was probably commonplace when addressing the Holy Roman Emperor. The word ‘regnes’ could indicate plural Christian Kings such as the sons of Charles V and Francois Ier who buried the Habsburg-Valois hatchets.

The title King Emperor of the Romans or Holy Roman Emperor fell to the Salian/Salic a.k.a Frankish/Franconian dynasty from AD1027 to 1125. The Salian kings were a Germanic dynasty of HRE’s but their enduring legacy is a major fixture of modern European, North American and similar statehoods; featuring hydra-like heads of geographic departments with limited but powerful influence and enforced loyalty to a central elite. The French preposition ‘selon’ has this linking sense; a loyal following or a conformity to someone or something.

Is Salian-styled Christian governance personified by Chiren Selin or does the name Chiren suggest the name Catherine? Catherine of Aragon was a potential unifying personality in Europe as she was connected to many critical bloodlines. She certainly brought about elite European acceptance of the Welsh Tudors. But the spelling of the name was variable and in fact she signed herself ‘K’ not ‘C’.

Which leaves Chiren as the Chrétienne, the Christian King. Does he pass on his content on to Selin?

(Also see the section ‘Knossos, Thera, labyrinth’ under the entry K.Th.l.)


The inclusion of Septimania in this list of Nostradamus names is a necessary cheat like GOG AND MAGOG. Whilst not mentioned specifically it formed Michel’s extended home surroundings and the placenames in it are scattered throughout the Centuries so we need to know smething about it. But if the actual Kingdom of Septimania had declined and fallen from the pages of history by the late Ninth Century what do we mean exactly by Septimania?

Gallia Narbonensis  became a  ‘senatorial state’ under Rome in 22  BC with the major city of Beziers being guarded by the VIIth Roman Legion. It was called Colonia Julia Septimanorum Beaterrae. In itself this may not have sponsored the name Septimania for what today is known as Languedoc-Roussillon. Perhaps it came from the seven cities that developed there; Agde, Beziers, Elne, Lodève, Maguelonne, Nimes and Narbonne (but not Carcassonne which is a near miss in this context). The Greeks had created its first city in the Sixth Century BC. Archaeological excavations in Madeleine show 40 hectares of streets with large luxury villas, tanks and lead piping, bulk storage containers etc. Around BC 120 the Via Herculaneum highway, renamed Via Domitia, was built in Gaul. Septimania then formed the West region of the Roman province of  Gallia Norbonensis. It passed to the control of Arian Visigoth King Theodoric II in the Fourth Century who effectively arranged for Septimania to be a Jewish principality under distant Baghdad (the Church moved Narbonensis into the diocese of Gaul) and fell to the Moorish Emir of Cordoba in the Eighth century prior to its Ninth Century conquest by the Franks who called it Gothia. By then it was largely deserted, the population having moved up-mountain leaving many of its fortress sites, including Avignon and Nimes, partially or totally wrecked.

Under the Early Medieval Counts of Toulouse the terms Gothia and Septimania were interchangeable but this then gave way to the noble name of Foix in the West and Roussilon in the South, echoing feudalism.

Culturally it was all part of Occitania together with Catalonia down by the Pyrenees and Tolosa on the Haute-Garonne plus Provence across the Rhone. Septimania helped isolate the Iberians and buffered Aquitainians from the Mediterranean’s influences. It was distinct in ways of living from the royal North and centre right up to it becoming West Frankia, subsequent to the disaster of the Albigensian Crusade in the Thirteenth Century. After that, Mediterranean Septimania became more tied to the Kingdom of France, though not linguistically of course, and became known as the Languedoc.

IV 44

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Lous gros de Mende, de Roudés & Milhau
Cahours, limoges, Castres malo, sepmano
De neuch l’intrado, de Bourdeaux vn cailhau
Par Perigort au toc de la campano.

To those bosses of Mende, of Rodez & Millau
Cahors, Limoges, Castres male, Septimania
Intrusions by night, coming through Périgord to
Bordeaux-Blaue to the sound of alarums.

I can’t be sure of the proper word-order for translation here as this was apparently composed in something akin to Occitan which was the dialect/language of the Albingenses. Périgord had been a centre of Catharism. Castres must be the town of that name in the Languedoc as it would have been the old Occitan noun ‘Castras’ if it had meant a fortified military camp. Where ‘male’ (Mars-like, testosterone-driven, masculine evil) fits in it is difficult to say. (Though it’s possible to take a flight from Castres airport to Male airport in the Maldives!) Factoids of note include;

Line 1, OF ‘Lous gros’ are probably ‘the Mister Big’s’ of the listed towns although this bad news probably applied to many others across the South. The incursions of the first millennium apart, perhaps this was a military encroachment by the English during the Hundred Years War (Rodez was occupied by them) or an action during the Religious Wars perhaps led by Henry VI the last Count of Rodez (who became the great Henry IV of France) or the forceful realigning of a town or city’s strategic importance during the French Revolution or even something to do with the foreign fascist occupations of World War II. More futuristically, see the Article FUTURE ARAB ATTACKS ON FRENCH SOIL.

Line 2, OF ‘malo, sepmano’ with the comma removed is often taken to be the Occitan for ‘mauvaise semaine’ or ‘a bad week’. However,

(i) from 1490 Saint-Malo declared itself an independent republic, taking the assertive motto “not French, not Breton” and it later became notorious as the home-port for privateering corsairs. The first European settlers in the desolate Malvinas, or Îles Malouines, named it for Saint-Malo and the intrepid M.Cartier launched-off to discover Canada from here. A rugged, masculine nature was strongly associated with the OF noun malo/mâlot/mâle “qui dénote l’homme doué de toutes les qualités de son sexe” (Harangue du Duc de Guise, 1553.)

But Castres is in the South and far from St.Malo in the North of France. Possibly ‘malo/male’ became a ‘butch’ descriptive term for a town leaving ‘sepmano’ free here to mean Septimania.

(ii) OF ‘sepmano’ = Béziers (Colonia Julia Septimanorum Beaterrae) once a settlement area for retired veterans of the VIIth Roman Legion.

(iii) OF ‘sepmano’ = Arbuna, the new name for Septimania after the al-Andalus Moors had won it and governed it wisely. It defended itself against the Franks by the strength of its Visigoth and Jewish inhabitants until the balance of power swung towards the Franks after 750AD by which time that region was well into the abomination of desolation.

(iv) A glancing thought, the word ‘male’ incidentally appears in Line 3 of II 17 in the sense ‘trunk’ or large container or else in the sense ‘marl’, land or earth. By a pairing of these meanings in that quatrain, ‘male’ may even be suggesting a burial mound.

Line 3, OF ‘intrado’ is an entrance or segment of an arch, by metonym an intrusion or break-in

OF ‘nuech/nuoch/nuèch’  is from the Latin ‘nocte,noctis’ meaning night.

OF ‘cailhau’ appears in the subsequent surviving editions as ‘caillau’ and this may be derived from ‘cagnot’, a regional definition of which supports a skin-like shade of blue (peau-bleue) called ‘sea dog’ or ‘chien de mer’ which is reminiscent of the Gironde estuary port name of ‘Blaue’, now called Blaye, a few kilometres up-river from Bourdeaux.

Line 4. Should ‘toc’ be from the verb ‘tocar’ this means to touch (sound) a bell but if ‘toc’ be a diminutive form of ‘tocasenh’ (literally, to touch a bell as a signal) this would be an audible warning, a tocsin or alarum.


OK, this is non-archeological and all too brief. For hands-on knowledge of the region there are archeological webpages available as well as the more accessible Rhedae enthusiasms such as those found on the interesting website

Our modern boundaries of the nation-states mean little in traditional terms. To examine ‘Septimania’, with its geographical and chronological variations, is to look at the development of Southern France and Catalonia.

The historical schools all describe the tribes around the Southern borders as organized pagan societies that were tribal, poorly differentiated and devoid of any concept of territorialism. Celtic polytheism was itself but one part of a bigger group of Iron Age Indo-European polytheistic religions. This accepted design for the foundation of Iberian-Gothic feudalism has now been challenged by comparative statistics, prosopography. Whilst the rising curve of North Mediterranean ‘nationhood’ in the First Millennium is lacking in private documents recording it, Catalonia and Septimania are the exceptions and between these approaches, non-biographical and biographical, we may determine the greater social play-off between the Roman Catholic regime (Irenaeus who marshalled the Bible of today was Bishop of Lyon) and a Visigothic monarchy that leaned towards the Jews of Baghdad for support.

The Roman occupation of Southern France, long before the time of Jesus, was more than just military. There were many genuine Roman settlers bringing luxury and ostentation and very durable classical monuments dedicated to themselves in memoriam. A capital to rival the city of Aix had emerged at Tolosa with its own historiography. So-called dualistic gnosticism even extended to the everyday lives of the Counts of Toulouse who ruled most nobly until the anti-Cathar Crusade, the truth of which may be that the functional warrior aristocracy of North and West France and Southern England had looked to the ecclesiastical state for an excuse to destroy and plunder these comparative innocents.

The Provençal nobles who were united during the First Crusade period had been different in behaviour from the barons of the North whom they fought alongside, perhaps challenging their rigid social system. French of the North were accustomed to a feudalism by which much of the land was held in fief with obligations of military service, both calls-to-arms and regular soldiery. The Mediterranean and Midi had, in many ways, the opposite: a feudal system with a prevalence of land ownership without layers of superior claims, female importance that extended outside the home, fluid barriers of institutions and classes, a mindset still reflecting the Roman and the Visigothic legal systems, a flexible approach to feudal obligation.

By the Sixteenth Century social stratification had a little more thoroughly taken hold yet there were and always had been mixed marriages in the region. Michel Nostredame was the product of one.

Astrological and other arcane symbols from antiquity could be found all over the region upon their churches as much as upon their houses and civic halls.

Also see the entry HESPERIQUES



IV 90

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Les deux copies aux murs ne porront joindre
Dans cest infant tremble Milan, Ticin:
Faim, soif, doubtance si fort les viendta poindre,
Chair, pain, ne viures n’auront vn seul boncin.

The two armies at the walls not having the ability to come together
Milan and Ticin in this loathsome dither:
Hunger, thirst, so strong the apprehension that attack will come to them,
Not having a single necessity for decent living/survival, (e.g.) meat, bread.

Line 2, OF ‘infant’ could mean either a child of the royal families of Spain or Portugal or, as an adjective, it means vile, hateful.

Line3, OF ‘doubtance/doutance’ means fear or doubt.

Line 4, OF ‘boncin’ is difficult to trace. Substituting ‘bon ces’ seems a better choice than Rigaud’s 1568 rewrite of ‘boncin’ as OF ‘boucin’, a button.


1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Verceil, Milan donra intelligence,
Dedans Tycin sera faite la paye.
Courir par Siene eau sang, feu par Florence,
Vnique choir d’hault en bas faisant maye.

Line 1, OF ‘intelligence’ had plural meanings around the themes of intellect, understanding or agreement. OF ‘intelligence’ as intellect or understanding was a supposed substance gifting the intellect or maybe gifting a person with fullest comprehension. (Spiritually, this would refer to the soul’s capacity to reach the highest form of ‘contemplation’.)

Line 2, OF ‘paye’ could intend ‘payer’, to pay. Or ‘pai’, salary, reward. Or ‘pays’, country.

Line 4, OF ‘unique’ meant one unit such as an only child in the matter of a claimed inheritance or something unparalleled and not part of a series. OF ‘choir’ can mean literally falling or figuratively lapsing into decline or to weaken or else to calm down. Or to fall out of the grasp of someone. Adjectivally there is a link with a swooping bird of prey (cheant) which naturally knows how to come down upon its victim. OF ‘maye’ could be ‘maie’, a flour bin or a mess or trouble. Otherwise ‘mai’ = the month of May OR the Mayday wishes. (Celebration of the arrival of Spring on the first day of May was one of the most important festivals in the Medieval calender.) Otherwise, ‘maye’ could have been derived from Gaulish Fr. ‘maint’ = many.

Understanding is gifted to Vercelli, Milan,
In Ticino they will be made to pay
Siena to run in bloody water, fire through Florence,
A singular swoop from high to low making this mess of troubles.
(OR ‘A single choir high to low making Mayday wishes.’)

Tycin/Ticcin/Ticino is now a German-speaking Canton that was taken over by the Swiss during the Italian Wars. Carbonara al Ticino is not far from Pavia, Italy. Pavia is on the lower Ticino River and was once called Ticinum. The import of these three areas is not clear although Pavia and Milan have each suffered devastation in their time. The geography being Swiss-Italian-French this could perhaps call to mind the great conflicts in Italy of the Fifteenth Century (the Italian or Habsburg–Valois Wars) and the extraordinary proprietorship of HRE Charles V over much of the world and its wars at that time.

II 72

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Armée Celtique en Italie vexée
De toutes pars conflit & grande perte:
Romains fuis, ô Gaule repoulsée.
Pres du Thesin, Rubicon pugne incerte.

Celtic army vexed in Italy
On all sides conflict and great loss:
Romans fled, into Gaul repelled.
Near to Ticin, Rubicon combat unpredictable.

The OF exclamatory ô here (translation ‘O! Gaul repelled’) of other editions is printed here a little like the Vietnamese word of place ở which will happily translate as ‘to or in or into somewhere’ (translation ‘into Gaul repelled’).  Of course it might well be a stab at an Occitan ‘o’ but I’ve noticed so many similarities in Vietnamese to OF that I believe there were soldier dialects in French-built Saigon that were not fully recorded in French literature. According to the Vietnamese educational system their written language (and its diacritic marks) came directly from a single French missionary-linguist who settled there several hundred years ago. Before his impact and contribution Vietnamese closely resembled written Chinese.

Nostredame claims visions as his technique yet speaks in Line 4 about a lack of certainty which, to my mind, would be difficult or impossible to assess from a visual sighting. (See REMOTE VIEWING TIME)


OF ‘tiers’ = one-third of a whole. Rarely, it can mean ‘times three’ or the third degree or a third party or a foreigner only indirectly involved in something or a royal right over private forestry in Normandy amounting to one third of the sale price or, astrologically, the favourable planetary angle of 120° or the ‘third eye’. Or this Tiers perhaps a female proper noun of legend is the third Antichrist. The Church divided up days into sections with Terce being from nine o’clock until midday.

IX 17  

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Le tiers premier pys que ne feit Neron,
Vuidex vaillant que sang humain respandre:
R’edifier sera le forneron,
Siecle d’or, mort, nouueau roy grand esclandre.

The third next in the future is worse in fact than Nero,
Vacuous valiance that disseminates human blood:
Re-edification will be the Denier,
The Age of Gold, death, the new king great disorder.

Line 1, OF ‘premier’ can mean the oldest, the original or the next in the future.

Despite prior canditatures from dire Apollyon and the tyrant Nero, among many, it seems that there are three ‘Antichrist’, whatever that may really mean, foreseen in the future of Michel Nostredame. Heroes will be despatched to let human blood in profusion and for the most meagre reasons. The Age of Gold brings mostly death and destruction but the rebuilding of good-hearted and good-minded order will bring about the denial of the Antichrist.

Line 3. “Enlighten the people generally, and tyranny and oppressions of body and mind will vanish like evil spirits at the dawn of day.” Thomas Jefferson (Founding Father of America, d.1826)

III 59

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Barbare empire par le tiers vsurpé
Le plus grand part de son sang metra à mort:
Par mort senile par luy le quart frapé,
Pour peur que sang par le sang ne soit mort.

A barbarian empire unrightfully acquired by the third (Tiers)
The greater part of its people OR their blood-line put to death:
Through death by his/her actions the quarter is struck down,
For fear that the blood-line be not dead through this blood-letting.

Line 3, Modern Fr. ‘senile’ is common enough but not in OF where the similar seeming, ‘sémille’, means either descent or good or bad actions and their returns in a kind of karmic link.

OF ‘quart’ is an astrological conjunction of two planets at 90 degrees, considered unfavourable,or the quadrant profatius of an astrolabe. Its meaning straight from the Latin is a quarter, an equal fourth.

A ‘quart’ could also be a watch or guard, a department of a town and as a metonym for the quart measure of capacity could mean refreshments.

Line 4, OF ‘sang’ had a variety of meanings from blood to red resin. An important one was lineage by blood within a nation or social group or race, especially the line of descent of royal males.

 III 77

1555 Lyon Bonhomme

Le tiers climat soubz Aries comprins
L’an mil sept cens vingt & sept en Octobre,
Le roy de Perse par ceux d’Egypte prins:
Conflict, mort, pte: à la croix grand opprobre.

One third of the atmosphere included under Aries
The year 1727 in October,
The reign over Persia siezed by those of Egypt:
Conflict, death, severe loss: to the cross grand ignominy.

Line 1, OF ‘tiers’ is from the Latin ‘tertius’, an arithmetic third. As an astrological conjunction this is the favoured 120 degrees deviation between planets on a chart. OF ‘climat’ means atmosphere. In Medieval Astrology, this is apparently the area in-between seven concentric circles.

Line 3. Such a thing probably has not happened -yet.

Line 4, OF ‘pte’. In subsequent Sixteenth Century editions the abbreviation ‘pte’ is published as ‘perte’, meaning a severe result, disadvantage, damage, death and damnation. Subsituting the first vowel could give us ‘parte’ (division) and ‘porte’ (entry, injury).

From September 11th 2010 to September 27th 2010 the Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox Church celebrated the ‘Fête de Nayrouz’ (the quatrain as a whole contains all the letters for this festival, jumbled up) to celebrate the new year in the Coptic calendar for 1727 ‘A.M.’  This was the year of revolution in Egypt and the leadership election which fell to the Moslem Brotherhood.

Now when Diocletian came to power over the Roman Empire Egypt was under their control at the time he made Christianity illegal and showed no mercy to those protesting the faith. More than three-quarters-of-a-million Coptic Christians died during his rule. Surviving Copts re-started their calendar to begin in AD 284 as 1 AM being the year of martyrdom under the new Emperor. (This quatrain also contains the jumbled letters of ‘Annum Martyrii’, Latin for the Year of Martyrdom.)

By AD 1727 by the Gregorian Calendar, large parts of Persia had come under the Hotaki, savage Pashtun warriors who were an Afghan tribal dynasty that had defeated the weak Persian Safavid dynasty in 1722. Today there are around 50 million identifiable Pashtuns around the world, including many Taliban and some quite large Moslem groups in India. Russians and Ottoman Muslims filled the vacuums in those Persian regions too distant to Afghanistan/Pakistan to be of interest to the Hotaki. From 1727 onward a skilful military enigma named ‘Nāder Shāh’ Afshār (fragged by his commanders,1747) a.k.a. Nader Beg (the jumbled letters of this appelation are to be found in the second couplet) set about reuniting Persia and removed its invaders, making his egocentric, paranoid, mass-murderous self the Shah of all Persia in 1736. A long-term national figure of unity who also tried, but failed, to unite Sunnis and Shi’ites for military reasons.

I have ignored the astrological time-marker in Line 1 as I would not know what chart was employed by Michel. I hope someone more knowledgeable can enlighten me. Although Line 3 seems inappropriate, the Nostradamus Quatrain III 77 references obliquely/glancingly the AM 1727 and the AD 1727.


Mentioned many times in the Centuries, the noun Troy would have had duple significance to Michel de Nostredame; the warring classical city of Asia Minor, home to the legendary Helen, and the consistent claim by the French monarchy to classic descent through Francus, a supposed son of King Priam of Troy.

The Treaty of Troyes, 1420, was an agreement named for the old French city of Troy (Tricassium) following the Battle of Azincort/Agincourt that the reigning King of England would inherit France on the death of Charles IV of France. (See the entry CHAUSSES)

V 87

1557 Lyon Du Rosne
L’an que Saturne sera hors de seruage,
Au franc terroir sera d’eaue inondé:
De sang Troyen sera son mariage,
Et sera seur d’Espaignolz circonder.

The year that Saturn/Satan will be out of bondage,
In the Frank land it will be inundated with water:
Of Trojan/Royal French blood will be his marriage,
And it will be the surety of Spain’s surrounds.

Spain is made more secure regionally as a result of a royal intermarriage with France.



X 14

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud
…el Vaucile sans conseil de soy mesmes
..ardit timide par crainte prins vaincu,
Accompaigné de plusieurs putains blesmes
A Barcellonne aux chartreux conuaincu.

Tentative Translation:
(…el Vaucile) without a hint of self awareness

The modest Philip the Bold by fear defeats the prince,

In the company of several wan whores of Barcelona,

Complete destruction at the (Monte Allegro) charterhouse.


The available copy of this edition is torn right at the beginning of Lines 1 and 2. Nostradamus researchers have followed one another in crediting one Urnel or Vrnel Vaucile as the subject of this quatrain. But I can’t find an explanation as to why. Certainly Vaucile is a proper noun. On the other hand, a ‘vaucel’ is synonymous with ‘vallon’, a small valley, and  may link to the OF ‘vaisseaux’ which suggests containment and can mean a sacred vessel or a mother’s breast. (Or a barrel, or a tomb, or a female.) My alternative suggestion is currently known as Vaucelles.

The Cistercian Abbey ‘Our Lady of Vaucelles’ is a large and prestigious ruin once a centre of culture and good food with practical outbuildings located in the valley of the upper Scheldt near Cambrai. It was an archdiocese of very wide jurisdiction indeed. St. Bernard laid the first stone in 1132 on land donated by Hugues Oisy, seigneur Crévecoeur sur Scheldt. It once housed the largest Cistercian church in Europe, as big as Notre Dame de Paris, and a library of 40,000 books.

Line 2, OF ‘hardit’ or ‘hardiz’ was a small coin like a farthing associated with Philip III of France, d.1245, and also the Duchy of Guiene. Multiples of it were used in petty levies such as a licence granted upriver on the Gironde to go buy ship’s chandlery downriver in Bourdeaux, calculated in hardits against tonnage.

Philip ‘the Bold’ (‘le Hardi’, therefore ‘Hardit’) was quite an audacious horseman and warrior but otherwise a totally different personality from his nom-de-guerre being most simple in his thought-processes and extremely pious. ‘Hardi’ at war and yet his nickname ‘Hardit’ was a most unassuming little coin.

The quatrain as a whole contains the jumbled letters of ‘Hugues Oisy’ and, separately, ‘seigneur Crévecoeur sur Scheldt’. The second couplet contains ‘Sainct Bernard’ and ‘cistercienne’ also ‘Cistercian’.


This is an unusually complex quatrain that may be futuristic but somehow takes us right back to the Moslem snatch of the Northern territories of the Visigoth Kingdom of Hispania in the Eighth Century. (Today we would speak of the region ‘Southern France and North East Spain’.)

Line 3, OF ‘putains’ means prostitutes, whores, streetwalkers. (It is also used as an expletive, sometimes surprising to a translator, such as in ‘putain bonne mère’, ‘damned fine mother’.)

The letters of ‘Monte Allegro’ are jumbled up in the second couplet, as is Carthusian (in French, ‘Chartreux’, but the English is in there also which seems appropriate as the Order was housed by Henri II of England as penance for the murder of Thomas à Beckett) and ‘Comtat d’Urgell’ the very old diocese and Catalan County whose joint head of State to this day is its Bishop (the other being the French President). ‘Comté de Catalan’ is also available from the second couplet.


On a subliminal level it seems clear that the two couplets belong together. What’s the link? Philip played a leading part in the Aragonese Crusade so-called (a land dispute with no attempt at religious justification) which incidentally upset the applecart at independent Majorca but I find no trace of an attack on Barcelona. About the wan and blemished ‘ladies’ of the Barcelona night, I cannot know and have nothing to say! OF ‘convaincu’ means either completely destroyed or simply convinced.

The Carthusian order is lamenting and solitary with priors rather than bishops. Since the Thirteenth Century they have had nuns who are permanently sequestered which could make you pallid, I dare say. The order has been under non-physical attacks from time to time but there is no record of total destruction (‘convaincu’) at Monte Allegro or elsewhere. Perhaps it is the fearful prince who is destroyed. Nostredame may have been mistaken or, more likely, has viewed something about which history has no record.


 (See the entry for Nostradamus Quatrain  VI 70 under CHYREN and the VICTOR section in the Article UNDERSTANDING NOSTRADAMUS: EXPLORING SUBJECTS RECURRENT IN THE CENTURIES and the introduction to the EPISTLE TO THE KING)

In Greek mythology Nike flew over battlefields dispensing fame and glory to the victors. I remember a famous motorcyclist, Mike Hawthorne, arriving early morning at Brands Hatch in one of the new Rover 2000 with two leggy models in tow for the photographers. Legend had it that his rich father flew above the course in a private plane and followed MH towards the end of each race, recognizing him by his rainbow crash helmet. Sure enough a plane appeared toward the end of a race but flew away again after a minute or so. My friend told me that this meant Mike was not going to win because if he were then his father would fly with him to the end.

Charles ‘Martel’ (d.741) positively rejected the title of King of the Francia he governed. Others called him such names as hero, victor and champion of Christianity.

The Rothschild family, financially victorious by their many extensions up to the present point of owning the majority of accountable assets in the world, were content to allow legend be their public persona until well after WWII. An invisible, inaudible, untouchable presence almost everywhere.


1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Apres victoire de rabieuse langue
L’espirit tempté en tranquil et repos:
Victeur sanguin par conflict faict harangue,
Roustir la langue et la chair et les oz.

After the victory of the raving tongue
The Spirit proven and in tranquility and repose:
The victor bloody through conflict makes solemn speeches,
Roasting the tongue and the meat and the bones.

Line 1, OF ‘rabieuse’ is repeated as ‘Rabieux’ in the Epistle to the King:

And there will be made great peace union and accord between individuals of the next generation whose mental wounds will heal over, and the various separate regimes will make such peace that there abides chained to the deepest abyss the inceptor and implementer of the military wing for the disparate ultraorthodox ones, and will concrete over the inferno of the Rabieux (literally, the Raving): who feign that there is wisdom in their words.

Lines 2 and 4 seem out of balance in the sense of peacefulness vs brutality. Perhaps the latter is figurative.

An unsolved ‘victory’ quatrain.


IX 44

1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Foibles galleres seront vnies ensemble,
Ennemis faux le plus fort en rampart:
Faible assaillies Vratislaue tremble,
Lubecq & Mysne tiendront barbare part.

The weak galleys will be joined together,
False enemies the strongest on the rampart:
Vratislav/Bratislav shaken by low assaults,
Lübeck and Mysonne/Meissen will take the barbarian side.



VI 15

1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Dessonbz (sic) la tombe sera trouué le prince,
Qu’aura le pris par dessus Nuremberg:
L’Espaignol Roy en Capricorne mince,
Sainct & trahy par le grand Vitemberg.

Beneath the tomb will be found the prince
Who will be valued more highly than Nuremberg:
The Spanish King meagre in Capricorn,
Holiness betrayed by the great Wittenberg.

The Saxon-German city of Wittenberg is also known as Lutherstadt. The great one of Wittenberg was Martin Luther.

The city of Nuremberg that Michel values so highly in this quatrain was an early centre of humanism, printing and an embryonic science-technology. Celestial Science-Art was to the fore with Mueller (aka Regiomontanus) building an observatory. Albrecht Durer mapped the night sky for both hemispheres in 1515 and also drew the terrestrial world map for Stabius. the first globe had come from geographer Martin Behaim. A history of the world from Creation was written by Hartmann Schedel. The major work of Nicolaus Copernicus published there in 1543. it was also a centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Plenty of matters of interest to Nostredame came out of Nuremberg.

Found hidden jumbled in the letters;


Saint-Empire Romain



Y see I and J/I





1568 Lyon Benoist Rigaud

Le plus grand voile hors du port de Zara,
Pres de bisance sera son entreprinse,
D’ennemy perte & l’amy ne sera
Le tiers à deux fera grand pille & prinse.

The biggest sail sets out from the port of Zara,
Close to Byzantium is its venture
Both the enemy’s losses and their own will be a third
It occasions great pillagings and seizings.

The Adriatic city port of Zara was in Dalmatia, now Croatia. This quatrain foretells a victory to the side sailing from there to a conflict nearby to Byzantium. Line 3, OF ‘perte’ has a particular meaning of battle losses or the risk that we take in battle. Line 4, ‘le tiers à deux’ would primarily mean a third of both or a third each but could, I suppose, represent battle odds. If so, it would make this insight something other than pure remote vision, more an informed vision.