(incl. quatrains IV 89 I 88 II 68 III 57 and V 88 with references to various others)

This is not intended as a static historical account, more a moving model around which to hang the words of Nostradamus. They say the best working models are a mixture of reality and imagination, or ‘R and I’, so here are some historical ‘Realities’ interspersed with Michel’s visionary ‘Imaginings’.

At the start of 1688: France had a greater navy than the combined seapower of Britain and the United Provinces (the Low Countries) as well as the strongest army in all Europe.

By 1697: the variously named War of the Grand Alliance/War of the League of Augsburg/War of the Palatinian Succession/the Nine Years War – a product of the jockeyings beween Habsburg Austria and Bourbon France over the expected inheritance from childless and infirm Charles the Mad of Spain – will have blocked the repeated expansions of Louis XIV of France who was seeking the kind of hegemony that America’s neocons are said to desire so much today (as Hitler and Napoleon did before and the Islamic Jihadists always). William III has raised England and its allies onto an equal footing with France incidentally securing British supremacy at sea for centuries to come whilst redrawing the map.

It was an intrigue at London that tipped the balance:

IV 89

Trente de Londres secret coniureront,
Contre leur Roy sur le pont l’entreprinse,
Luy, satellites la mort degousteront.
Vn Roy esleu blonde, natif de Frize.

Thirty of London conspire in secret,
They decide (on the bridge/to the hilt) a joint undertaking against their King,
The royal acolytes ‘sick to death’ of him,
OR His henchmen having no taste for regicide,
A fair-haired Frisian is instituted as King.

OF ‘pont’ in Nostradamus is usually a bridge although sometimes a pontiff yet it has another analogous meaning – the bar on the hilt of a sword to protect the hand. I can easily imagine these emboldened co-conspirators crossing their swords up to the bridge (at an address on a bridge) before carrying out the deposition of their King and instituting another in his place. (Does theorizing upon a true conspiracy make for a true conspiracy theorist?)

OF ‘enterprinse/entreprendre/prehendere’ is a verb, to take or to seize, like ‘emprendre’. Adjectivally it conveys a committed/decided/absorbing/hostile/enterprising/daring/bold attitude to an undertaking.

OF ‘satellites’ (acolytes, henchmen, loyal guards) has apparently been printed as ‘fatalistes’ in some editions (presumably from OF ‘fatalités’ meaning occulted powers that determine the turn of events) so making space for wildly alternative interpretations should you wish. I readily admit that ‘sick to death’ is my interpretation in a moderately modern manner and that the more stately option I offer is perfectly valid.

OF ‘esleu/élu’ = chosen or instituted/appointed to office

OF ‘blond’ = with hair that is gold or yellow

King James II married a Catholic and so had many Protestant English worried about the future. His Lords overthrew him in 1688/9. His Protestant daughter Mary had married the Dutch Stadtholder William of Orange, a Frisian – always portrayed as dark-haired – who invaded England with an army, fought a few skirmishes and was effectively elected the new King of England.

Historical Footnote: Another William III, the Count of the Duchy of Aquitaine and latterly its Duke (d.963) was known as ‘Tête d’étoupe’ because of the light tow colour of his hair (letters to complete this soubriquet are available from the jumbled letters of the First Couplet) but nothing else in the quatrain has the remotest connection with him! Was this rearview reference to one ‘William III’ a peculiar prompt for denizens of the future, those alert to the twists and teasings of Michel de Nostredame? After all, a brief poetic structure such as a Nostradamus Quatrain with an ingenious or amusing ending is an epigram by definition and Michel was an epigrammatist, ipso facto.

Nostradamus Researchers have written little about the war that officially occupied September 1688 until September 1697 taking casualties across Continental Europe, England, Scotland, Ireland, the French West Indies, the Guinea Coast of Africa and North America. In terms of an embryonic ‘world war’ these nine years were the forerunner of an even wider conflict.

Britain’s Glorious Revolution of January 1689 may have seen the beginning of modern combined ops. (See Quatrain V 88 below.)

Spring 1689 saw the Treaty of Vienna between HRE Leopold and the United Provinces undoing Spanish Netherland annexations by Louis and restoring a previous Treaty (which Charles A. Ward thought was the subject of Nostradamus Quatrain X 7) to Westphalia and peace to the Pyrenees (which Charles A. Ward thought was the subject of Nostradamus Quatrain X 58).

After that the Protestant princes, Brandenburg, Saxony, Bavaria, conjoined with the HRE to protect Middle Europe and with Britain and Spain formed the heart of the Grand Alliance.

From the cool North came the English the Dutch and the Swedes (the Triple Alliance that Louis had once backed down from without a fight). From the warm South came Savoy, Spain and Portugal.

HRE Leopold I was seemingly the last to lose all will to battle on the European mainland, having had a reasonable run since gaining the upper hand over the Ottoman Turks in the Baltic region (which fendings-off had slammed into gear this 9-year episode in the first place). A ‘blind eye’ attitude by Louis XIV to the Balkans had managed to dub Catholic France as pro-Turk.

Despite temporarily reigning-in French ambitions of the hegemonic order and replacing King James of England with Holland’s Mary and William (James’s Protestant daughter and smartly scheming, perhaps prescient, son-in-law) and more or less ruining various participants across the board, this period of extended conflict did not sate the underlying feud between the Habsburg, Hapsburg-Lorraine and Bourbon royal lines that have interweaved their ways across the fabric of European history.

Some facts and distinct observations:

A Northern King (recurrent in the Bible and ‘Nostradamus’) and a brotherhood of three

(see the Nostradamus Quatrains I 26 IX 36 V 50 VIII 17 II 95 THE BROTHERS and the Article A PRAGMATIC EPIGRAM THAT IS NOT TO HAVE ONLY ONE SENSE OR A SOLE SIGN both of which carry quotations from the EPISTLE TO THE KING)

North-South divisions of temperament and strategy (with defeat felt more strongly perhaps in the South)

A struggling, emergent version of the old Roman Empire

Louis XIV as a successful yet troubled and eventually thwarted European militarist adventurer with an absolutely huge land army for the times. In May of 1690 he had five separated armies in the field (at Catalonia, Catina, Flanders, Luxembourg, plus the Dauphine’s) making a total of 350,000 good soldiers.

A religiously-justified expulsion of James II from the English throne in January 1689 to be replaced by William of Orange

(VI 41 in the Article ‘TRACKING AND TRACING’ MULTIPLE REFERENCES IN NOSTRADAMUS refers to the House of Orange)

The Catholic King of Britain James II exiled:

I 88

Le diuin mal surprendra le grand Prince,
Vn peu deuant aura femme espousee:
Son puy & credit vn coup viendra mince,
Conseil mourra pour la teste rasee.

Line 1. The OF noun ‘épousée’ was the wife a man just married, perhaps a second wife. After 14 years of childlessness it must have been a surprise to James and Mary of Modena to find her carrying an heir. Perhaps the presence of a new family member was felt extra strongly – but this was the word for a latest wife. Or did Nostredame know something that we couldn’t know? Could this babe have been the result of a late consummation to the marriage or a restart to a failed marriage? Or is ‘femme espousee’ just a suitably polite description for the king causing the queen to conceive, to make her pregnant?

The OF verb ‘espouser’ simply means to marry but it can also mean to focus keenly on somebody (as the Protestant British concentrated increasingly feverishly on the Catholicism of their ruling family). Either way we must tease the meaning from ‘espousee’ which is not elaborated upon by its author.

Line 4, OF ‘mourra/mourir’ means to die but OF ‘mourir civilement’ meant the loss of a citizens rights and I think that is what we are dealing with here. The deposed king and those around him are exiled, i.e. without the right to stay or to claim British protection.

God dispenses an ill-fortune that clips the Prince’s wings to his astonishment,
A little before he will have taken her to wife OR
A little before he will have experienced a focusing upon them all:
His support and credit will then be cut rapidly,
Attendant advisors will lose their civil rights for this shaved head.

In the days of flowing extravagances worn upon the heads of many gentlemen they probably had shorn heads beneath their wigs and out of sight, if only because they were too hot.

October 1685 Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes which had protected the French Protestants in areas like Rochelle. A major revolt against the King erupted in the Cevennes region and then Louis officially declared war against Protestant England. (Having declared war on Spain some months earlier.)

James spent all his later years in exile in France punctuated only by a foiled attempt to invade Ireland in 1689/90

II 68

De l’Aquilon les efforts seront grands,
Sur l’Ocean sera la porte ouuerte,
Le regne en l’isle sera reintegrand,
Tremblera Londres par voille descouuerte.

From the North-West will be great and sudden stregth,
The door above OR upon the Ocean will be open,
The realm on the island will be restored:
Revelation by sail-cloth, London will be seized with fear.

Aquilon is the North generally or else everywhere to the North-West of France or the northerly winds that strike the facing wall of Mont St. Michel called, naturally enough, Aquilon.

OF ‘effort’ could be several things, an army or its mobilization, mobilizing one’s inner forces to attain a goal, strength, impetuosity, pain, torment, weighty numbers or large amounts.

The OF noun ‘descouverte’ means what is discovered or left uncovered.

Revelation by sail would place this in the age of sailing ships with delays in communication.

Revelation by cloth (a hide, a curtain, a holy relic, the veil) could be a future prediction.

Why will London be particularly disturbed? Are they the first to hear this news? Charles A. Ward tried to localize the quatrain by quoting Smollett who said that in 1690

“Torrington retreated without further interruption into the mouth of the Thames; and, having taken precautions against any attempts of the enemy in that quarter, returned to London, the inhabitants of which were overwhelmed with consternation.”

and links this to a voyage to Ireland by deposed James II with a French convoy which opened a door for the French fleet, he says, who then mastered Britain’s seas even scattering the British Navy at the Battle of Beachy Head on the South East coast of England. The upper hand was then lost by French Admiral Tournville who failed to pursue the British up the Thames. The English Admiral Torrington was eventually dismissed by William III.

(The French title for the seabattle was ‘Bévéziers’ and the letters of this would be available from the jumbled letters of Line 4 save that there is no ‘z’ in the quatrain, similarly ‘Louis Quatorze’ in the First Couplet. However we may extract ‘Torrington’ from Line 1 and ‘Tournville’ from Line 4. We could also find ‘Jacques le Second’ in the First Couplet should we allow the duplication of the letter ‘c’, normal in Medieval anagrammism. The words ‘admiral’ or ‘amiral’ are lettered into Line 4. The letters for ‘Guillaume d’Orange’ are available from the quatrain as a whole. Even so there is some mystery to the quatrain that history so far cannot fulfill, suggesting a separate and future prediction – fancifully connected to the myth of Atlantis Risen?)

The Low Countries and Ireland were the main theatres of war

The usual shoal of privateers legalized for harassment of the enemy’s ships and devastating some coastal hamlets to boot. (St.Malo even made its living by this means. See IV 44 in the Article SOME NOUNS AND NAMES IN NOSTRADAMUS)

French fears about the Germans and vice versa (including princely fears of new French annexations)

Strategic joint army-navy operations (see comments on V 88 below) and Britain newly-ruling the waves following the defeat of the French Navy by an Anglo-Dutch fleet at La Hougue in May 1692

III 57

Sept fois changer verrez gent Britannique
Taints en sang en deux cents nonante an :
France, non, point par appuy Germanique,
Ariez doubte son pole Bastarnan.

Seven times will you see the Britannic nation change,
Tainted with/Dyed in/Coloured by blood for 290 years:
France-like OR Free not at all it supports the Germanic.
You will have uncertainties suspecting its Bastarnian pole
Aries (Nostradame) eclipses (confounds) its Bastarnian pole (his Astrolabe).

Line 2, ‘290 years’ – from when to when? BC or AD? 1263 –1553? 1649 – 1939? 1666 – 1956? 1657 – 1947? My guess is that either it’s meant to be exact, starting with the defeat of the French Navy in 1692 and taking in the Falklands War victory of 1982, or likely it means ‘300 years approximately’.

Line 3, if it were to stand alone would recall Metz in Northern France which was very much a Germanic city. Otherwise OF ‘France’ is either the Kingdom of France or else a meaning of ‘franc’. On one hand ‘franc’ is a monetary system. On the other this same word is a statement of liberty and contains within itself the notion of nobility – those who are not enslaved, not in servitude – with concomitant ideas of generosity, sincerity and loyalty. Britain was to remain free of suzerainty but the British Empire was to stamp its boot on every labourer’s face. With the greatest income per capita of any nation on earth the common people, lower middle class and all, had better houses, better shoes, better churches than elsewhere but not a better chance for the average soul to make good. The wealthy, masquerading as if lofty and above commerce or dirty hands, became super-rich as money was consistently transferred up the social scale. Debt slavery was and is rampant in the Anglo-Saxon spread of countries. ‘Franc’ applies to whomsoever says “that is free” and “this is truth” and “they are no better than us”. Such a condition is ever layed up in heaven, say the priests, but no – it is natural to Mankind. We are hunter gatherers who have become fenced-in by our property and stasis obssessed religions, of which Academic Science has become one (and seemingly all at one with Corporate Clout and Global Politicking) and an ever-constricting Central Control mechanism. ‘Agenda 21’, so-called, is being implemented incrementally everywhere so as to turn back the clock, merely replacing ancient nobility with modern celebrity and redistributing wealth upwards to the degraded crooks, avaricious sociopaths and photoshop’d narcissists now deemed our (P.R. enhanced) superiors.

Line 4, OF ‘Ariez’ is a derivation from the OF verb ‘avoir’ from L. ‘habere’ and somehow concerned with one’s standing (what you have) and conduct (how you have it). In OF and in English both it means to possess concretely or to obtain a resource, service or thing. In duelling we ‘have at’ the opponent. In the hunt we say ‘have it’ when we get a strong trace or scent of the quarry or ‘have them’ once we have conquered the enemy. It’s a temporary or an inalienable relationship between subject and object that can occur with or without determination. Alternatively Ariez is often translated as Aries, First Sign of the Zodiac, youthfully vigorous, inclined to conflict and yet fairly independent. Michel de Nostredame was born December 14th 1503 apparently at midday with his Sun in Capricorn, Moon in Scorpio and Aries as his all-important Ascendant Sign. (Suspected by some astrologers to be contrived, a feint, as he fits better to a rising Pisces so they claim.) Of course the precession of the planets has altered things so that the annual period that Ptolemy knew as Aries is now considered to be Pisces. This does not concern astrologers at all, I know, but it has worried author Ian Wilson. (“Nostradamus: The Man Behind the Prophecies’)

The concluding words of quatrain III 57 are ‘pole Bastarnan’ which contains the word ‘astrolabe’ and I suspect that the whole line may rearrange to make astrological sense. (OF ‘doute’ can represent an eclipse as it happens.) I’ve also gathered that if this is Aries then he is referring to the end of our present century and then three centuries on (but I’m no astrologer). Aries is claimed to be the ruler of the Deluge.

Whatever ‘Bastarnan pole’ suggests to you (some may say that when paraphrased as ‘pole la Bastarnie’ it double references Poland) this Aries-Nostredamus persona is suggesting that we should not believe the line unquestioningly. In fact it is now argued that the 200 BCE Poeneshti-Lukashovka Bastarnian culture did not die-out having integrated into Poland and Germany as previously thought as modern archeologists have found that their ways survived intact into the First Century at scattered settlements. But the Bastarnians were a bigger nation than that, known well to the Romans, with the occasional distinguished member. It was arranged that they should march, accompanied by many infantry and cavalry and led by Antigonus and Cotto, safely through Thrace so as to replace the doomed Dardanian nation. But the Dardanians survived when a veritable deluge fell from the sky and Roman officers and men alike were washed down a mountain or struck by thunderbolts. (The letters of ‘Cotto’ are jumbled up in the First Couplet and ‘Antigonus’ is jumbled into the Second.)

Back to Line 1 and “Seven times will you see the Britannic nation change”:

From 1603 when Britain was first founded to the accession of the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha’s in 1901 (propagandizing theirselves as ‘the Windsors’ in 1910 at the height of anti-German feeling) we could perhaps count seven changes in regnance. (It’s that number again.) But really it depends on how you slice the ‘ruling/reigning’ cake. Here’s a sample set of seven:

The Royal House of the Stuarts the State Council/Mother of Parliaments/Dictator-King Cromwell, the Restored Stuarts, the Hanovers, the Apartheid Democratic Parliament with emphasis on Parliament’s power rather than effecting true democracy, the Saxe-Coburg-Gothas/so-called Windsor family and lastly the Modern Parliamentary system with greater emphasis on democracy at least up until the champagne fountains of Lobby Lolly started flowing.

The new millennium is different with licit democracy being whatever Whitehall or Washington mulls it to be (or else whatever the accepted means and network norms and median value-judgements add-up to produce at that moment) plus politicians with career ladders aiming higher than the British Parliamentary Government (hence a couple of curious election results and an ordered changing of horses in midstream). The Lord Mayors of the City of London are, in theory, monarchical technocrats – but nobody worries much about that rapid procession. Strictly we should count-in the House of Rothschild’s ennobled banking family (for whosoever pulls the purse-strings propels the realm and pulls the levers competely at will) and so the Bank of England also which when recently nationalized retained pre-existing voting powers for its original shareholders. Today perhaps we should count in the Wall Street dishonest wealth manipulators fiddling away in London too, but enough!

France had intended an excursion tour into Germany but found itself embroiled in a wide wild war for which it had not planned, extending the while to various colonies in America, Africa and India.

Louis XIV held direct command of some battles in the Netherlands.

In 1693 the Dauphin led out nearly 30,000 men to make up the French soldiery near the German Rhine to 80,000.

A play-off between New France and New England in the New World that involved cheating the Native Americans. (Although effectively deserted by their English allies, the Iroquois Five Nations determinedly battled against the French up to the early Eighteenth Century)

The initial ineffectiveness of the League of Augsburg – at times including Austria, Bavaria, Brandenburg, the Dutch Republic, England-Scotland and Ireland’s Wild Geese, the Holy Roman Empire, Portugal, the Rhine Palatinate, Savoy, Saxony, Spain and Sweden – because of the strong fear of France by its weaker members and a lack of combined miltary preparations

The outright devastation of the Palatinate by the French army in 1688

Europe becomes subjected to a protracted war of attrition with slow and cautious sieges such as the those at Namur (1692 and 1695) although important battle victories also occurred such as the French at Fleurus in 1690

The rise of new defence and weaponry designs and the forming of great chains of novel fortifications (prone to switching hands politically)

A Protestant defender of this faith versus a Catholic defender of that faith

One Sheriff of the City of London, Peter Paggen, had self-righteously complained that the prerogative directorships of the East India Company were unfair. He was an expert in human cargo. He moved soldiers around during the Nine Years War before the white labour supply became exhausted and then, with other traders, he switched to removing black African slaves instead. (‘Freedom’s Debt’ by William A. Pettigrew)

North America/Canada divided by British-French antagonisms

Londonderry and Inniskillin embroiled in anti-English sentiments

Irish rebels had pitched strongly against William of Orange, setting the stage for many centuries ahead. (William’s commanders outdid the French officers of the Jacobites to the tune of removing eight thousand of their men at the Battle of Aughrim.)

Covert intrigues and unwritten personal agreements amongst Europe’s leaders that would affect millions of lives

The French layed waste to ecological zones deemed supportive for enemy armies on the move (an Eco-War rather like the US in South-East Asia)

A coercive leader of a dominant power, ongoing threats of massive destructions with even a ‘Blitz’ bombardmen mulled, annexations of adjacent territories justified as reunifications

An initial hostile encroachment from the East

Exodus of the Huguenots from their homelands (to settle in London from there to manufacturing in Paisley Scotland and later taking titles over the North of Ireland)

A decisive outcome at Spain where amphibious army-navy action took the coasts including the city-port of Barcelona

The unforeseen rise of Mary II and William II of Orange as monarchs of England-Wales, Scotland and Ireland (and whose joint coat-of-arms became sprinkled over with upright prancing lions).  ‘A major coup.’

Norman and Breton ports  under stress when the ‘French Armada’ gathered there after a two year tussle between King James and his Court of St. Germaine and his royal French protector King Louis XIV as to whether or not England wanted James back yet. (They resolutely didn’t it seems and the French Atlantic Navy was ‘taken out’ for the long-haul by a British-dominated sea operation.)

The military introduction of the French flintlock (adopted earliest in Denmark, the rest of Europe following only after protracted conservativism by the French army).


Famine and pestilence (spreading in Europe in 1692-4 and killing two million in France alone) forcing over-taxation upon a depleted base which inevitably leads to national financial restructuring and the present indebtedness of governments via their then foundling banks so placing an undue influence in select private hands, where it still presides centrally over England or France or the USA, together with most of the other countries of the world. (Power then falls inevitably to one side or the other like an unstable wall, i.e. the bank’s purchase overwhelms the leadership on subjects such as international policy and a presidential purchase can overwhelm the polity entirely.)

Louis often commenced a campaign with a showy siege (whilst acting generally as if he was only really interested in marching against the Low Countries). He took an active interest in the details of his Generals’ campaign progresses and issued royal orders and recommendations whenever he deemed those necessary. Adopting the selected royal strategy of besieging Huy, for example, the Duke Luxembourg (who had not favoured this) would draw William III into battle.

The ultimate price of War is that all combatants lose in the long-term, one way or another*, and although the battle at the hastily fortified villages of Neerwinden and Landen had decimated both sides with William’s men coming off worst the cost was high and Louis both achieved his wish to best William outright by battle and found that he could no longer afford to pursue such adventures.

(*with the sole exception today of the United States, who make excellent profits out of superior arms sales and urban re-structuring abroad, and the up to now fabulously liquid Saudis who have over-stocked their weaponry and could afford to spend a few, especially before some deteriorate or go out of date.)

Savona (which despite its blue Mediterranean sea and olive groves was destined to become a major foundry town) is mentioned in various Nostradamus Quatrains including VI 62 MULTIPLE TASKING and

V 88

Sur le sablon par vn hydeux deluge,
Des autres mers trouué monstre marin:
Proche du lieu sera fait vn refuge,
Tenant Sauone esclaue de Turin.

Translation 1:
Above/Upon the sand the equivalent of a dreadful flood,
A prodigious navigator demonstrably from strange seas:
Near this place will be made a refuge,
The beholden Savona is bound from Turin.

Line 1, OF ‘par’ or ‘per’ can express means or manner. As a distribution in space (or time) the English words ‘by’ or ‘through’ work well in translation but it also had the meaning ‘very’ or ‘extremely’ and with ‘sur’ in the sentence it possibly could suggest ‘above’ or ‘upon’, as in ‘standing above’ or ‘descending upon’, or it could even intend ‘on a par with’ although in the spatial sense it usually conveyed ‘through’ or ‘to the extent of’ or ‘over’ or ‘along’ and as a concept would have meant ‘by way of’ or ‘through’ in accord with the principle of causality. (Religiously, it concerned the solemnities for naming the power or the means of guarantee in an oath or a supplication – ‘Serments de Strasbourg’ by ‘Henry Chrestomathie’.)

This line describes a scene known for centuries along the coasts of Europe, in antique semblance to the familiar D-Day landing. (The sea invasion of Nice is portrayed visually in the Article NOSTRADAMUS GEOGRAPHY) And here’s a like experience conveyed somewhat nightmarishly by a conspiratorial–sounding Napoleon Bonaparte to the Corsican resistance leader who was actually forced to flee at that time but was reinstated later by the National Assembly (and is now buried at Westminster Abbey) Pasquale Paoli:

“I was born 1769 when Corsica was perishing. Thirty thousand Frenchmen spewed onto our shores, drowning the throne of liberty in waves of blood”

Should we take the First Couplet as being quite distinct it simply tells the story of a mighty wave or stormy floodtide depositing a strange sea monster upon the shore,

Translation 2:
A marine monster from other seas sighted,
Placed down on the sand by a terrible wave:
Near this place will a refuge be made,
The beholden Savona is bound from Turin.

But when we read Line 3 we get a more militaristic meaning that would render the the wave of Line 1 a fearful coastal invasion. (Line 2 of my Translation 1 could refer generally to the new dominance of the British Navy whereas Line 1 of my Translation 2 would fit to November 5th 1688 when William landed at Brixham Torbay with a grand invasion force.)

Line 4, OF ‘Sauone’ is here a placename, most probably Savone/Savona. (There is an Italian family name Sauone, by the way.)

N.B. I am using the proto-French quatrains established by the easy-to-navigate website of record as my computer security is encountering JS attacks from my previous source.

Google has been to the large library at Lyons and will supply to you the Nostradamus Prognostication of 1555 as their first issue from that encounter. They also have the curious “Les vrayes centuries et prophéties de maistre Michel Nostradamus 1669”.


All who suppose that the prognostications/presages were purely for agrarian-yokel consumption will be surprised to find that lean forecasting is marbled with fat prophecy throughout. This small book contains the stunning prediction “Corsica has its Hannibal, Gaul worse (text, ‘pire’) than a scorpion” which fits well with my incidentally-quoted Napoleon Bonaparte letter or else the bitter consequence including the Imperial entry to Italy and the taking-down of ‘Holy Rome’.

(Using OF ‘pire’ to suggest a particle of ‘empire’ was once a popular way of voicing social criticism, III 92 in the Article SOME NAMES AND NOUNS IN NOSTRADAMUS)

The Duchy of Savoy was at its maximum during the Sixteenth Century, stretching from Nice in the South to Chambery and the vast heights beyond in the North, taking in Savoy and Turin. Later it was to become the Kingdom of Sardinia. Although Savona is in the region of Genoa and was never the seat of the House of Savoy their fates once enmeshed in 1227 when young Amadeus de Savoie attempted but failed to hold back the Genoese military advance on Albenga and Savona in contempt of the granting of independence to them by the Imperial Vicar at Liguria (which may yet justify a further investigation by me into the layered meanings of Nostradamus Quatrain VI 62 MULTIPLE TASKING).

Victor Amadeus II joined Savoy to the Augsburg League later to withdraw again under French duress. His Treaty of Turin – earlier campaigns in Savoy having proved a little too dynamic – was the forerunner to the Peace of Rijswijk in 1697. The flood waves of Europe’s soldiers, sailors and marines were to continue with war, revolution and imperial conquests.

In September 1694 William of Orange took refuge at Huy in a small fortress he had overun. (See ‘Huy, huy’, below.) At that time both sides felt the need for peace and began putting out diplomatic feelers (as even the deadliest combatants do sooner or later).

In January 1695 the French had lost their best general, Luxembourg, which in a sense balanced matters, creating a mutually costly struggle without much progress. (Similar to the terrain between North and South Korea being identical from either side so yielding no martial advantage to either warring state which for decades on end has contributed to mostly-harmless mock aggressions with emphatic defences on both sides.)

France sued secretly for a separate peace. Then Savoy signed a separate peace by the 1696 Treaty of Turin. (Should Sauone be a ‘mistaken’ Savoy then this event is not impossibly far from Line 4 when interpreted as ‘The ally Savoy restrained by the Treaty of Turin’).

This need not completely confound my face-value reading “Beholden Savona is bound from Turin” as there have been times that Savona has indeed received the rule of Turin, the administrative capital of Savoy, such as under Thomas I the Count of Savoy (another Imperial Vicar) in preference to rule by the Genoese in whose region it is physically placed.

The lengthy war is now ending but another great folly is about to begin, the War of the Spanish Succession, 1701 – 1714, a World War more or less. Despite William III approaching his final hour the Grand Alliance resurrects. The following excerpt (retaining my sloping comments) from the EPISTLE TO THE KING seems somewhat appropriate to the combination, so it has been suggested:

Roughly-speaking, the Antichrist will be the infernal prince anew through the latter faith shaking all the Christian Realms, and also the non-believers, for the space of 25 years, and there will be more grievances wars and battles, and there will be towns, cities, chateaux, and all other kinds of buildings fired, distressed, destroyed, with great effusion of the blood of virgins, married women and widows raped, suckling babes dashed against the town walls, squashed and crushed, and so many of these ills will be committed by the intermediaries of Satan, prince infernal, that almost the entire great global system will be demolished and distressed: and before all these aforementioned advents, otherwisely strange birds will be singing out on the air, “Huy huy”, and will be vanished after some time.

These unaccustomed varieties of bird might be our kites or balloons. Or whirlybirds. The sound ‘Huey-huey’ might be ‘yes, yes’ (a positive affirmation) or the sirens wail (a dreadful sound) or even the noise of swishing blades (much modified in ‘stealth’ helicopters). However, in French Medieval terms these would be piped bird-call imitations to attract real birds onto glue-smothered branches or else for falconry.

Yet it is topped by

the Earthly inner sanctum (Sancta Sanctorum) destroyed by Paganism and the old and new Testaments will be thrown out, on the fire (whereas the Nine Years War was preceded by the War of Devolution)

and tailed by

And after such times of lengthy duration, and almost at the return of a further reign of Saturn, it will be a golden existence (whereas the Nine Years War was followed by the War of Spanish Succession)

With these matters in mind I think that ‘almost the entire great global system will be demolished and distressed’ sounds much more like the arrows pointed by millennial events so far. (Only a plague of major scientific accidents or a surfeit of natural misfortunes could have achieved the same bewilderment around the globe.) I mean that it might well have felt that way in the troubled Seventeenth Century and Nostredame could have been picking up on that but the real reach of government ever depends on distant delivery of communications and Washington with a little help from the NSA or Westminster with its GCHQ-JTRIG are now only a split-second satellite bleep away from your mobile screen. Not to mention the future plans for smart-dust and insect-drones that could bring an up-close and personal government surveillance to almost anywhere.

Could that happen? Perchance our timed-out tyrannocrats will lose their grip upon the pulling pendulum of human affairs and we’ll see a natural restoration of free and fair process return to the wide wild world.

Meanwhile this page is like a Gift Tree for Nostradamus quatrains. It’s no where near complete. Hopefully I’ve attached some goodies and will wrap and hang some more as best I can after I grab them.

For the time being at least I am holding back on the famous ‘Aemathion’ cluster of quatrains majorly attributed to Louis XIV the Sun-King because I’m not sure on the validity of choosing some obscure poetic reference to the Sun and then attributing it to Louis alone. (Started by Pelletier, I believe, and emphasized by the influential Charles A. Ward.)

Dipping into the ‘Dictionarium historicum geographicum, poeticum, etc.’ by Charles Estienne I find Aémathia “a King of Macedonia, attests Pliny” and Aemathion “the Ethiopian king, conquered by Hercules”. As for ‘L’ Aemathion’ in the Nostradamus Centuries, today this means The Macedonian. (And today some independent Macedonians are unhappy to be thought Greek – watch this space!) On one hand the quatrains would open up just as well if we substituted, say, Napoleon for Louis and on the other Louis the Sun-King is a fine date-marker to Line 4 of IX 64 “Cap. n’ayant terre seure pour demeurance”, the Capetians have no safe land, which places the quatrain in the War of the Spanish Succession, I believe. This next great war may be the subject of a similar page sometime.


                                        NIGELRAYMONDOFFORD © 2015