1557 Lyon Du Rosne

Le capitaine conduira grande proye,
Sur la montaigne des ennemis plus proche:
Enuironné, par feu fera tel voye,
Tous eschapez or trente mis en broche.

Line 1, OF ‘Le capitaine’ was a sort of governor-general or else the ‘maistre pilote’ of a royal household. OF ‘conduira/conduir’ is behavioral; to inspire, lead, master, dominate or drive people or animals. OF ‘proye/proie’ = an animal that is predated upon, the hunt’s prey or else cattle/sheep. OF ‘proyer’ was a bird of prey (1555, ‘Nature des Oyseaux’ by Belon). OF ‘préer’ = prisoner, captive.

Line 2, OF ‘montaigne’ is a mountain, elevated land of importance, a hill, an ore extraction or other kind of heap.

Line 3. Lighting by gas manufactured from coal tar spread throughout Spain’s cities during the Mid-Nineteenth Century.

Line 4, OF ‘or’ may translate as however, now, then, so and certainly. Out of interest, ‘or trente’ could mean a golden possession. OF ‘eschapez’ = yield involuntarily, avoid what is threatening, run away from danger whereas OF ‘eschape’ = not cared for, not retained/homeless. OF ‘broche’ has multiple meanings including a length of iron rod for roasting meat and the horn of a deer in its first year. It could also mean needlepoint, haemorrhoids, a brooch, a prominent tooth or the term for an artisan tunneler.

Translation 1:
‘Le capitaine’ will lead a great herd,
On the mountain closest to the enemy:
Surrounded, this view is made by fire/this perspective is fiery/firelight makes the visibilty here,
All run away however thirty get put on the spit.

Translation 2:
’Le capitaine’ will master his highborn prey,
From the strategic highpoint (he supposes himself) surrounded, his enemies close at hand:
A passion creates this perspective,
All despatched and a golden possession made into a brooch.

This quatrain appears to be retrospective but I cannot be sure. Above and below are some hints for you to expand with your own knowledge/knowing. The following is my ‘one best guess’:

As this is not necessarily from a Provencal perspective the mountain lands of the closest enemies could be the Pyrennees standing between South West France and Spain or ‘montaigne’ could refer to a large elevated area with strong strategic associations. Toledo, for example, stands at over 500 metres above sea level and is replete with monumental Medieval walls. It was the capital of Spain from Gothic times until 1560.

Eight ancient Gothic crowns were unearthed from a treasure cache near Toledo in Spain and purchased in 1859 by the French Minister of Public Instruction for displaying at the ClunyMuseum. The greater crown is marked ‘Reccesuinthus Rex Offeret’ in cut-out pendant letters as being a solemn offering made by this Seventh Century King of Spain, possibly to a shrine or chapel. It’s soldered gold plates contain thirty oriental gemstones. Suspended by ornate bejewelled chains hangs a Latin cross, detachable, to be worn as a gold brooch on the royal robes if required. It may have been the Queen’s crown with smaller crowns making up the royal family set. They were discovered uncased and filled with earth. The Visigoth King Recceswinth was crowned co-king of Spain with his father in 648 and reigned alone thereafter. He was a sophisticated legislator. His father, aged nearly 80, had first seized power by a coup and almost simultaneously put down a rebellion that probably never did exist by slaying 500 nobles. Remarkably he could then pass over this quiescent state, his prey, to his son in the form of a future peaceful and contented land – Ottoman acts of piracy aside – for him to rule  over.